The Europe genetic testing market is expected to register a CAGR of 12.3% during the forecast period of 2018–2023. Genetic testing has become quite prevalent in Europe over the last few years, with recent developments in molecular medicine expected to provide further impetus to this critical area. The integration of these technologies into the healthcare system necessitates that their application is implemented within a responsible framework of accompanying measures and activities.
Personalized medicine, in which tailored therapy is made available to patients with an understanding of the molecular basis of disease, has become popular over the recent years. Genetic testing and genome sequencing are two of the most important tools that are used to understand the molecular basis of disease. European countries screen for several genetic diseases, as early detection of these diseases can prevent the onset of symptoms, or minimize the severity of the disease. Genetic testing for cancer diagnosis can indicate the predisposition of the disease in the gene, before its actual manifestation. This type of diagnostic technique enables a person to take precautionary steps, and avoid possible risks in the future. So with the growing demand for personalized medicine, the genetic testing market is also expected to grow. The other factors, such as increased emphasis on early disease detection and prevention and increasing application of genetic testing in oncology are driving the European genetic testing market.
High cost has always been a barrier to the growth of the market studied. Many genetic tests, such as tests that identify whether a woman carries one of the several strains of human papillomavirus (the strains that increase the risk of getting cervical cancer), cost under USD 100. However, a few genetic tests, such as pre-implantation testing (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)), fecal DNA testing, and others are expensive and are usually not covered by insurance providers.
Though fecal DNA tests have been revolutionized over time, the monetary cost per test is high, ranging from several hundred to more than a thousand US dollars. Low-complexity tests, like single gene mutation, are less expensive than high complexity tests, like full gene sequencing. The cost of these tests depends on several factors, such as laboratory testing procedures, number of individuals tested, contractual agreements, specimen handling, and additional services, such as genetic consultation or counseling.
The market is negatively affected by the expensive nature of genetic tests, which, in a few cases, are not reimbursed through insurance, thus affecting an individual as an out-of-pocket payment. The high import duty by the government on genetic tests kits also acts as a barrier to the growth of the market. Also, the social and ethical implications of genetic testing is hindering the growth of the market.
The German genetic testing market held the largest share in Europe with USD 427.3 million in 2017. However, Spain is expected to register the highest CAGR of 13.7% during the forecast period.
The major players include 23andme, Inc., Abbott Molecular, Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc., Biohelix Corporation (Wholly Owned Subsidiary of Quidel), Biomerieux SA, Celera Corporation, Cepheid, and Genentech, Inc., among others.
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