North America Electric Bus Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)

The North America Electric Bus Market is segmented by Vehicle type (Battery Electric Bus and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Bus), by Consumer Type (Government and Fleet Operators), and by Country.

Market Snapshot

North America Electric Bus Market_Overview
Study Period: 2018 - 2026
Base Year: 2020
CAGR: 26.76 %

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Market Overview

The North America Electric Bus Market is anticipated to register a CAGR of about 26.76 % during the forecast period.

  • The growth of the electric bus market in North America is attributed to the increasing concerns about the depletion of fossil fuels and increasing levels of environmental pollution.
  • In order to tackle the aforementioned issues, governments in the region, such as Canada, initiated changes in the public transportation systems, by committing to electrify their complete electric bus fleet in areas, such as Montreal and British Columbia.
  • The United States has been leading the electric bus market in the region, with increased governmental initiatives, such as tariff waiver programs for electric bus operators.
  • Some of the possible restraints that hinder the growth of the electric bus market in the region are careful route optimization for better fuel economy, tail pipe emissions from hybrid buses, limited capital expenditure grant, insufficient driver training that leads to lower fuel-saving achievement.

Scope of the Report

The Africa CNG and LPG Vehicle market report covers a detailed study on the latest trends and innovations in the market which is segmented by Vehicle type (Battery Electric Bus and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Bus), by Consumer Type (Government and Fleet Operators), and by Country.

Vehicle Type
Battery Electric Bus
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Bus
Consumer Segment
Fleet Operator
United States
Rest of North America

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Key Market Trends

Increasing Adoption of Electric Buses

Electric buses offer more comfort to travelers compared to gasoline or diesel buses. The NVH levels in electric buses are minimal, unlike traditional diesel buses, providing enhanced comfort to passengers.

Also, the limited vibrations during operation aids in extending the vehicle's life, in turn, reducing maintenance costs, and also offers comfort to passengers.

Currently, the United States is the most promising market in the region, and it is expected to lead the demand for e-bus over the forecast period. There are presently close to 650 electric buses (total 2255 zero-emission buses) running in the United States, and the demand is over taking the production rate, and federal grants are making it easy for transit operators to acquire new units. Almost every state in the United States has a transit agency that currently owns or planning to own new electric buses to its fleet.

In Canada, government initiatives are helping the growth of the electric bus market. Although, Canada is home to electric bus companies, such as Quebec based Lion Electric and Vancouver based Green Power, the adoption rate in the country has been relatively slow. In February 2020, Canada launched North America’s first research cluster for researching fuel cell and battery-electric buses. The Canadian Urban Transit Research and Innovation Consortium (CUTRIC), along with seven other partners, are contributing USD 4.2 million to support the National Academic Committee on Zero-Emission Buses (NAC-ZEB), along with additional federal funding of USD 551,000. CUTRIC will support research in electric and hydrogen bus modeling and simulation tools, cyber security of electric buses, battery and fuel cell electric bus performance visualization for batteries, motors, powertrain, fuel cell stack optimization, etc.

In 2016, along with Paris, Mexico City was one of the first cities to announce restrictions for diesel ICEs as soon as 2025 under the C40 fossil-fuel-free streets declaration. The country also aims for zero-emission buses from 2025 and zero-emissions in major areas of the cities by 2030 also in accordance with the C40 declaration.

In January 2020, Mexico added 63 electric trolley buses to its public transportation fleet under the Trolebici project, which aims to improve transport and commuting infrastructure in Mexico City with an investment of nearly USD 35million.

The COVID 19 outbreak is expected to restrain the market growth due to the shut down of manufacturing facilities and fall in demand due to public transportation avoidance by passengers.

electric bus market _ Trend 1

United States Will Lead the Electric Bus Market in North America

According to CALSTART, in 2019, a 37% growth in the United States electric bus fleet compared to the figures in 2018. Many states and cities in the United States are receiving grants for purchasing the electric buses. For instance, in 2019, the City of Portland in Maine received a grant for its first 2 electric buses that will start operations from 2021. Similarly, Wichita received a federal grant for the first electric bus in Kansas in 2019. As of 2019, only five states, namely North Dakota, South Dakota, West Virginia, New Hampshire, and Arkansas, did not have any near plans to induct electric buses in their present fleet.

Currently, California has the highest number of zero-emission buses (1016) and over 200 electric buses in use, along with many other backlogged order.

The adoption of electric buses is expected to save a lot of fuel costs for transit agencies in the country. In Chicago, a research found that 2 electric buses save nearly USD 24000 of annual fuel expenses.

The implementation of stringent emission laws and regulations are expected to fuel the market growth of electric buses in the United States. Many cities in the United States now require a certain fraction of their bus fleet to be electric or hybrid, and they are also pushing the limitations on new IC engine bus tenders. For instance, SE PTA, the transport authority of Philadelphia, is committed to restricting the diesel bus share in its bus fleet to less than 5% by 2021.

The United States is the hardest-hit country by the COVID19 crisis, and the unavailability of the workforce in manufacturing facilities, shutdowns, budget trimming, fear of using public transportation, etc., led to the slowing down of electric bus demand and the market is expected to show slow recovery.

electric bus market_ trend 2

Competitive Landscape

The North America electric bus market is led by a few players which include Proterra, BYD Motors and New Flyer of America. Companies bringing out electric school bus models include Blue Bird Corporation, Nova Bus Corporation, The Lion Electric Co., Thomas Built Buses, GreenPower, Collins Bus Corporation, and Trans Tech.

The companies are expanding their product portfolio by launching more number of products and are actively taking more orders. For instance, 

  • in June 2019, Proterra Inc. was selected by the Virginia Department of General Services for the supply of battery-electric buses and charging stations for its state-wide contract.
  • in July 2020, Yutong announced that a major batch of 130 battery-powered trolleybuses to Mexico City. The new trolleybus fleet is divided into 80, 12-meter vehicles and 50, 18-meter buses.

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Drivers

    2. 4.2 Market Restraints

    3. 4.3 Porters Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Vehicle Type

      1. 5.1.1 Battery Electric Bus

      2. 5.1.2 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Bus

    2. 5.2 Consumer Segment

      1. 5.2.1 Government

      2. 5.2.2 Fleet Operator

    3. 5.3 Country

      1. 5.3.1 United States

      2. 5.3.2 Canada

      3. 5.3.3 Mexico

      4. 5.3.4 Rest of North America


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles

      1. 6.2.1 Daimler AG

      2. 6.2.2 Gillig LLC

      3. 6.2.3 BYD Co. Ltd.

      4. 6.2.4 Proterra Inc.

      5. 6.2.5 New Flyer Industries

      6. 6.2.6 Blue Bird Corporation

      7. 6.2.7 Dina SA

      8. 6.2.8 Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co. Ltd

      9. 6.2.9 The Lion Electric Co.

      10. 6.2.10 GreenPower Motor Company


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Frequently Asked Questions

The North America Electric Bus Market market is studied from 2018 - 2026.

The North America Electric Bus Market is growing at a CAGR of 26.76% over the next 5 years.

Proterra, Inc., BYD Auto Co., Ltd., New Flyer of America, Blue Bird Corporation, Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co. Ltd are the major companies operating in North America Electric Bus Market.

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