Electric Commercial Vehicle Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecast (2021 - 2026)

The Electric Commercial Vehicle Market is Segmented by Vehicle Type (Bus, Trucks, Pick-up Trucks, and Vans), by Propulsion (Battery Electric Vehicles, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles), by Power Output (Less than 150 kW, 150 – 250 kW, and Above 250 kW), and by Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the world). The report offers market size and forecasts for the Electric Commercial Vehicle Market in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

Electric Commercial Vehicle Market Snapshot

Electric Commercial Vehicle Market Overview
Study Period: 2018 - 2026
Base Year: 2020
Fastest Growing Market: Asia Pacific
Largest Market: Asia Pacific
CAGR: 29.73 %

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Market Overview

The Global Electric Commercial Vehicle Market was valued at USD 52.99 billion in 2020, and it is expected to reach USD 252.97 billion by 2026, registering a CAGR of 29.73% during the forecast period.

The COVID-19 pandemic struck the market and brought challenges to the whole automotive industry. Lockdowns in many nations limited the sales of vehicles across the globe and disrupted the entire supply chain. Affected by COVID-19, the global electric commercial vehicle market is attracting growing attention to its post-pandemic industry trends. It is expected the industry would pick up the pace gradually in the coming years, with companies gaining momentum by economic growth.

Due to tremendous growth among sectors like logistics and supply chain industries, the adoption of electric vehicles is quite evident in many emerging markets. Adding to that, the stringent emission norms in the countries worldwide pushing many companies to electrify the vehicles also play a crucial role in the market's growth.

The advancements in battery technology and the use of the latest technologies like ADAS, AI, IoT, etc., are fuelling the market's growth. Major players are heavily investing in bringing the latest features to their vehicles, increasing competition between OEMs and helping the market grow. As many nations are trying to adopt electric mobility, the major concern is charging infrastructures to hold the pressure from new vehicles entering the market.

Most of the countries are trying to go electric by 2050 to reduce their traffic-related emissions. Some countries, such as the United States, Canada, China, Japan, and India, have already introduced thresholds for commercial vehicles. The government regulations, financial incentives towards electric vehicles, and the quick establishment of infrastructure supporting EVs can boost the market during the forecast period.

Scope of the Report

The Electric Commercial Vehicle Market is Segmented by Vehicle Type (Bus, Trucks, Pick-up Trucks, and Vans), by Propulsion (BEV, PHEV, and FCEV), by Power Output (Less than 150 kW, 150 – 250 kW, and Above 250 kW), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the world). The report offers market size and forecasts for the Electric Commercial Vehicle Market in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

By Vehicle Type
Pick-up Trucks
By Propulsion
Battery Electric Vehicles
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles
By Power Output
Less than 150 Kw
150-250 Kw
Above 250 Kw
North America
United States
Rest of North America
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Korea
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Rest of the World
South America
Middle-East and Africa

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Key Market Trends

High Initial Cost and Battery Concerns are Hindering the Growth of the Electric Commercial Vehicle Market

Currently, the biggest issue market is facing is the initial capital for EV's. Electric vehicles are expensive as lithium-ion batteries are being used instead of lead-acid batteries. Though lead-acid batteries are cheaper, the environmental risk factors are forcing manufacturers towards lithium-ion batteries though they are expensive but eco-friendly. Lithium-ion batteries are also proven to increase efficiency and performance during the long run, the reason many companies are opting for them.

The major portion of the price of electric trucks is owed to their battery packs. The average price per usable kilowatt of a Li-ion battery for an electronic powertrain ranges from USD 900 to 1,250. The battery of the electric vehicle makes up the largest portion of the vehicle's cost. The cost of the battery makes an electric truck fleet cost much more than a diesel truck fleet, increasing the investment amount by a huge margin. A regular diesel-powered truck costs approximately USD 400,000- 500,000. However, a diesel-electric hybrid truck costs about USD 800,000.

In addition to the battery cost, the time taken to charge an electric truck battery, combined with a limited number of charging stations, can also hinder the growth of the market.

Electric commercial vehicle market

Asia-Pacific is Expected to Lead the Market

The electric commercial vehicle market is expected to be led by Asia-Pacific, followed by Europe and North America. In 2019, the electric commercial vehicle market share in the world's largest auto market, China, increased from 4.5% to 4.7%, even after a significant trimming of incentives. The EV market share increase comes at an 8.4% fall in sales of combustion vehicles (26.82 million in 2018 to 24.56 million in 2019), with EV sales remaining relatively safe (1.26 million trimmed to 1.21 million).

In Asia-Pacific, China accounted for the largest revenue share of over 80% in 2020. China is also far ahead when it comes to the use of electric buses: The region is expected to hold a dominant revenue share throughout the forecast period owing to the presence of major companies such as Dongfeng, BYD Auto, Daimler AG, FAW Group, etc. There are around 385,000 e-buses on the road worldwide, 99% of them in China.

Despite the number of sales, the European market is noted for greater access to electric truck charging points. Europe's electric trucking industry is likely to advance rapidly after the EU plans to cut tolls by 50% for emission-free trucks until April 2023. The EU's decision to cut tolls comes as an aid for private investments in electric trucks. European Union has also set the target to achieve 40% greenhouse gas reduction by 2040. Major players such as Volvo and Daimler are already offering a wider range of heavy-duty vehicles to industries by selling a complete range of battery-electric trucks for distribution in Europe.

electric commercial vehicle market geography

Competitive Landscape

A few major players dominate the electric commercial vehicle market, namely BYD Auto Co. Ltd, Proterra Inc., AB Volvo, Daimler AG, Zhongtong Bus Holding, and Ashok Leyland.

The manufacturers develop commercial electric vehicles through joint ventures, partnerships, and transforming their existing IC engine fleet into electric. For instance,

  • Volvo Trucks, Sweden's AB Volvo's main truck brand, aims to sell a complete range of electric, heavy-duty trucks in Europe from 2021.
  • In April 2021, Daimler and Portland General Electric (PGE) unveiled a new first-of-its-kind electric truck charging station in Portland, Oregon.

Recent Developments

  • In September 2021, BYD unveiled two revolutionary battery-electric heavy-duty trucks, the third-generation 8TT, and 6F. The extended range versions of the 8TT and 6F offer a range of up to 200 miles on a charge. The trucks come standard with Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS), making driving easier and safer.
  • In July 2021, ROUSH CleanTech, Penske Truck Leasing, and Proterra Inc. announced a new collaboration under which Proterra will supply its industry-leading battery technology to ROUSH CleanTech for the development of its next-gen Ford F-650 all-electric commercial trucks.
  • In April 2021, Electric truck specialist Tevva announced a new partnership with European energy giant Vattenfall designed to make it easier for businesses to switch to a zero-emission vehicle fleet and curb their transport-related emissions.
  • In April 2021, Rivian announced that it would use Samsung SDI battery cells for its R1T electric pickup truck and R1S electric SUV, as well as upcoming commercial vehicles.

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Drivers

    2. 4.2 Market Restraints

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 By Vehicle Type

      1. 5.1.1 Bus

      2. 5.1.2 Trucks

      3. 5.1.3 Pick-up Trucks

      4. 5.1.4 Vans

    2. 5.2 By Propulsion

      1. 5.2.1 Battery Electric Vehicles

      2. 5.2.2 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

      3. 5.2.3 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles

    3. 5.3 By Power Output

      1. 5.3.1 Less than 150 Kw

      2. 5.3.2 150-250 Kw

      3. 5.3.3 Above 250 Kw

    4. 5.4 Geography

      1. 5.4.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Mexico

        4. Rest of North America

      2. 5.4.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. France

        4. Russia

        5. Spain

        6. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.4.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. India

        2. China

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.4.4 Rest of the World

        1. South America

        2. Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles*

      1. 6.2.1 BYD Auto Co. Ltd

      2. 6.2.2 Proterra Inc.

      3. 6.2.3 AB Volvo

      4. 6.2.4 Daimler AG

      5. 6.2.5 Tata Motors Limited

      6. 6.2.6 Ford Motor Company

      7. 6.2.7 Tesla Inc.

      8. 6.2.8 Traton SE

      9. 6.2.9 Rivian

      10. 6.2.10 Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co. Ltd

      11. 6.2.11 Olectra Greentech Limited


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Frequently Asked Questions

The Electric Commercial Vehicle Market market is studied from 2018 - 2026.

The Electric Commercial Vehicle Market is growing at a CAGR of 29.73% over the next 5 years.

The Electric Commercial Vehicle Market is valued at 53 Billion USD in 2018.

The Electric Commercial Vehicle Market is valued at 253 Billion USD in 2026.

Asia Pacific is growing at the highest CAGR over 2021- 2026.

Asia Pacific holds highest share in 2020.

BYD Auto Co., Ltd, Proterra, Inc., AB Volvo, Olectra Greentech Limited, Tesla are the major companies operating in Electric Commercial Vehicle Market.

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