Pumped Hydro Storage Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The report covers Global Pumped Hydroelectric Storage Turbines Market Share and it is segmented by type (open-loop and closed-loop) and geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, the Middle East, and Africa). The report offers the market size and forecasts in installed capacity (gigawatts) for all the above segments.

Pumped Hydro Storage Market Size

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Pumped Hydro Storage Market Summary
Study Period 2019 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
CAGR 5.87 %
Fastest Growing Market Middle-East and Africa
Largest Market Asia-Pacific
Market Concentration Medium

Major Players

Pumped Hydro Storage Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Pumped Hydro Storage Market Analysis

Pumped hydro storage market installations totaled 165 GW in 2021 and are likely to register a CAGR of 5.87% during the forecast period.

Due to supply chain disruptions, COVID-19 hurt the pumped hydro storage market. However, the market rebounded in 2022.

  • During the forecast period, the PHS market is expected to be driven by the integration of variable renewable energy sources and the need to keep the grid stable. Furthermore, increasing government targets to phase out fossil fuels will likely aid the market's growth during the forecast period.
  • However, during the forecast period, the market studied is likely affected by the environmental and social effects of PHS projects and the growing competition from other energy storage technologies.
  • Several new PSH technologies are being worked on right now. This is expected to speed up the development and use of PSH technology for energy storage while lowering costs and negative effects on the environment in the future, creating several opportunities. Further, as per the International Hydropower Association, nearly 240 GW of PSH projects will likely come online by 2030.
  • Asia-Pacific turned out to be the largest market for pumped hydro storage, as it achieved the highest annual increase in capacity during 2020, continuing the growth trajectory primarily driven by China.

Pumped Hydro Storage Market Trends

Closed-loop Segment Expected to Dominate the Market

  • In closed-loop systems, pumped hydro storage plants are created, in which one or both reservoirs are artificially built, and no natural inflows of water are involved with either reservoir. The only way to store a substantial amount of energy is by locating a large body of water relatively near the second body of water but as high above as possible. In some places, this happens naturally. In others, one or both bodies of water are man-made. The moderately low energy density of pumped storage systems entails either significant differences in height or large flows between reservoirs.
  • Closed-loop pumped hydro storage offers high flexibility, reliability, and power output. Since closed-loop pumped-hydro systems are not connected to existing river systems, their impact on the environment is less compared to open-loop pumped-hydro storage systems. Moreover, they can be located where support for the grid is required and therefore do not need to be positioned near an existing river.
  • Over the coming years, closed-loop systems are likely to witness significant growth because of the greater certainty in gaining an operating license or permit since they do not interfere with the existing river systems or any water streams. As per the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under the US Department of Energy (DOE), the number of licensing applications and preliminary permits for closed-loop pumped hydro storage systems has significantly increased in recent years.
  • The growing implementation of closed-loop pumped hydro storage projects in countries like the US can institute a favorable business scenario for developers looking to expand their market presence.
  • For instance, Sumatera Pump Storage is a 500 MW hydropower project. It is planned in West Sumatra, Indonesia. The project is currently in its announced stage. It will be developed in a single phase. The project's construction is likely to commence in 2024 and is expected to enter commercial operation in 2027. The project cost is expected to be around USD 1.107 billion.
  • Due to all of these factors, the close-loop segment is expected to lead the market over the next few years.
Pumped Hydro Storage Market Share (%), by Type, Global, 2022

Asia-Pacific Expected to Dominate the Market

  • According to the International Hydropower Association, as of 2021, Asia-Pacific had around 685 GW of installed hydro storage capacity, with China and Japan accounting for the majority share in the region. In 2021, the installed hydropower capacity was about 23.85 GW.
  • As Asia and the Pacific continue to move away from fossil fuels, renewable energy, hydropower, and pumped hydro storage facilities are being built, especially in China, Japan, the ASEAN region, South Korea, and India.
  • Furthermore, China announced its plan to become carbon neutral by 2060 and reach peak coal consumption by 2025. Besides China's mid- and long-term plans for pumped storage hydropower development, published in September 2021, it set out ambitious targets to reach a total installed capacity of at least 62 MW by 2025 and 120 GW by 2030. This led to increased investment in the renewable sector, and in 2021, around 21 GW of new hydropower was installed, including 1.2 GW of pumped storage from the last four units of the Jixi project.
  • Also, the 1.8 GW Jixi Pumped Storage Power Station is the largest pumped hydro storage project, costing an estimated USD 1.61 billion. It was developed by the State Grid Xinyuan Company, a subsidiary company of the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC).
  • Furthermore, South-East Asia witnessed significant development in the hydropower and pumped hydro storage markets. However, many projects were delayed due to persistent lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the World Bank held a summit to encourage South Asian nations to unlock and invest in sustainable hydropower.
  • For instance, in September 2021, Indonesia announced its first pumped storage plant. The World Bank-supported project, Upper Cisokan PSH, is expected to be 1,040 MW and located between Jakarta and Bandung. It will provide necessary system flexibility to the electricity in the region.
  • Similarly, the South Korean Hydropower Industry Association announced the construction of three new projects with a total capacity of 1.8 GW in Pocheon, Hongcheon, and Yeongdong, which are set to be completed by 2034.
  • Due to the above reasons, it is expected that Asia-Pacific will lead the pumped hydro storage market over the next few years.
Pumped Hydro Storage Market - Growth Rate by Region, 2023-2028

Pumped Hydro Storage Industry Overview

The pumped hydro storage market is moderately fragmented. Some of the key players in the market include (not in particular order) General Electric Company, Siemens AG, Enel SpA, Duke Energy Corporation, and Voith GmbH & Co. KGaA, among others.

Pumped Hydro Storage Market Leaders

  1. Siemens AG

  2. Enel SpA

  3. Duke Energy Co.

  4. Voith GmbH & Co. KGaA

  5. General Electric Company

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Pumped Hydro Storage Market Concentration
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Pumped Hydro Storage Market News

  • January 2023: The Greenko Group announced an investment of USD 1.2 billion to set up a pumped storage project in the Neemuch district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The project will have a daily storage capacity of 11 GWh. Further, the pumped hydro storage project will be connected to the interstate transmission system network and is expected to be commissioned in December 2024.
  • June 2022: The State Investment Promotion Board (SIPB) of Andhra Pradesh, India, approved Adani Green Energy's 4 hydro-pumped storage projects with a total capacity of 3,700 MW. The project requires an investment of USD 2 billion. The company is likely to build a 1,200-MW project in Kurukutti and a 1,000-MW plant in Karrivalasa. In addition, a 1,000 MW project will be set up in Gandikota, and a 500 MW plant in Chitravathi.

Pumped Hydro Storage Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Pumped Hydro Installed Capacity and Forecast in GW, till 2028

    3. 4.3 Hydro Power Installed Capacity and Forecast in GW, till 2028

    4. 4.4 Hydroelectricity Generation in TWh, 2013-2021

    5. 4.5 Recent Trends and Developments

    6. 4.6 Government Policies and Regulations

    7. 4.7 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.7.1 Drivers

      2. 4.7.2 Restraints

    8. 4.8 Supply Chain Analysis

    9. 4.9 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.9.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.9.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.9.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.9.4 Threat of Substitutes Products and Services

      5. 4.9.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry

    10. 4.10 Cost of Pumped Hydro Energy Storage System


    1. 5.1 Type

      1. 5.1.1 Open-loop

      2. 5.1.2 Closed-loop

    2. 5.2 Geography

      1. 5.2.1 North America

      2. 5.2.2 Europe

      3. 5.2.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.2.4 South America

      5. 5.2.5 Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Operators

        1. Duke Energy Corporation

        2. EON SE

        3. Enel SpA

        4. Electricite de France SA (EDF)

        5. Iberdrola SA

      2. 6.3.2 Technology Providers

        1. General Electric Company

        2. Siemens AG

        3. Andritz AG

        4. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd

        5. Voith GmbH & Co. KGaA

        6. Ansaldo Energia SpA

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

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Pumped Hydro Storage Industry Segmentation

Pumped storage hydropower (PSH) is a type of hydroelectric energy storage. It is a configuration of two water reservoirs at different elevations that can generate power as water moves from one to the other (discharge), passing through a turbine. The system also requires power to pump water back into the upper reservoir (recharge). The pumped hydro storage market is segmented by type and geography. By type, the market is segmented into open-loop and closed-loop. The report also covers the market size and forecasts for the pumped hydro storage market across the major regions. For each segment, market sizing and forecasts have been done based on installed capacity (gigawatts).

North America
South America
Middle-East and Africa
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Pumped Hydro Storage Market Research FAQs

The Pumped Hydro Storage Market is projected to register a CAGR of 5.87% during the forecast period (2024-2029)

Siemens AG, Enel SpA, Duke Energy Co., Voith GmbH & Co. KGaA and General Electric Company are the major companies operating in the Pumped Hydro Storage Market.

Middle-East and Africa is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the Asia-Pacific accounts for the largest market share in Pumped Hydro Storage Market.

The report covers the Pumped Hydro Storage Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Pumped Hydro Storage Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

The opportunities in the Pumped Hydro Storage Market are a) Increasing development of novel Pumped Hydro Storage (PHS) technologies, such as seawater-based PHS projects b) Ongoing expansion of renewable energy sources

Hydro-Pumped Storage Plants Industry Report

The global pumped hydro storage market is poised for robust growth, fueled by the rising integration of renewable energy sources and the essential need for grid stability. This market is categorized into open-loop and closed-loop systems, with open-loop systems currently leading due to their widespread adoption in developed nations. Nonetheless, closed-loop systems are anticipated to witness significant growth owing to their environmental advantages and operational flexibility. The market extends across various regions including North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East, and Africa, with Asia Pacific at the forefront due to strong economic growth and supportive government policies. Technological advancements are further propelling the market by enhancing the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of pumped hydro energy storage systems. Despite facing challenges like high initial investment costs, the market outlook remains optimistic with emerging opportunities in innovative hydraulic energy storage technologies and increased governmental backing for renewable energy projects. For detailed statistics and a deeper understanding of pump hydro storage market dynamics, a comprehensive analysis and forecast can be accessed through industry reports, which provide historical overviews and future outlooks, available as free PDF downloads.

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Pumped Hydro Storage Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)