Nuclear Power Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)

The Nuclear Power Market is Segmented by Application (Energy, Defense, and Other Applications), Reactor Type (Pressurized Water Reactor and Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor, Boiling Water Reactor, High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactor, Liquid-metal Fast-Breeder Reactor, and Other Reactor Types), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle-East and Africa).

Nuclear Power Market Snapshot

nuclear power market
Study Period: 2019-2027
Base Year: 2021
Fastest Growing Market: Middle East and Africa
Largest Market: Europe
CAGR: <1.5 %
nuclear energy market

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Market Overview

The global nuclear power market is expected to record a CAGR of approximately 1.5% during the forecast period 2022–2027, reaching a nuclear installed capacity of 426.27 GW by 2027 from 388.7 GW in 2020. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), nuclear power operators sustained reliable nuclear power plant (NPP) operations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Factors such as the ability of nuclear energy to generate electricity with lower carbon emissions as compared to fossil fuels have been driving the growth of the market studied. Moreover, nuclear power generation is one of the most reliable ways of generating electricity while ensuring reduced carbon emissions. Additionally, it provides long-term certainty over electricity costs. However, the high initial cost of setting up a nuclear power plant and the availability of alternative power generation sources such as renewable energy is likely to restrain the market's growth during the forecast period.

· The energy segment has dominated the market in the past and is expected to do the same during the forecast period.

· Nations worldwide are researching and developing generation IV nuclear energy technologies to promote safety, technical, economic, and environmental advancements in nuclear energy. This, in turn, is likely to create several opportunities for the market in the future.

· Asia-Pacific is expected to witness significant growth in the nuclear power market during the forecast period, owing to its substantial share of nuclear energy, majorly in China and India.

Scope of the Report

The nuclear power market report includes:

Other Applications
Reactor Type
Pressurized Water Reactor and Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor
Boiling Water Reactor
High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactor
Liquid-metal Fast-breeder Reactor
Others Reactor Types
North America
South America
Middle-East and Africa

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Key Market Trends

Energy Segment Expected to Dominate the Market

· Nuclear energy is the energy released from the nucleus, or the core of an atom made up of protons and neutrons. Nuclear energy can be produced either in nuclear fission (when the nuclei of atoms split into several parts) or by fusion (when nuclei fuse together). In today's world, nuclear fission is used to produce electricity, while nuclear fusion technology to produce power is in the research and development (R&D) phase.​

· The growing population and the economy, coupled with rapid urbanization globally, are expected to increase energy demand significantly in the coming years. The global primary energy demand in 2020 reached more than 556 exajoules, witnessing a 10% increase compared to about 505 exajoules in 2010. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), global energy needs are expected to rise by 26% by 2050. The global electricity demand is likely to almost double due to emerging and developing economies.​

· As of October 2021, about 441 commercial nuclear power plants were operating across 32 countries. The US accounts for the highest nuclear electricity generation capacity and generates more nuclear electricity than any other country. France has the second-highest nuclear electricity generation capacity.​

· Several countries have plans to invest in nuclear power plants over the coming years. For instance, in November 2021, China announced that it is planning to build at least 150 new reactors in the next 15 years, which is more than the number made by the rest of the world in the last 35 years. The country's move also comes amid power shortages and blackouts, which have resulted in Beijing's unprecedented decision. The cost of the new nuclear ambition of China has been estimated to be around USD 440 billion. Earlier, the China General Nuclear Power Corporation announced that it was looking, by 2035, to significantly expand its nuclear capacity.​

· The Indian government is also committed to expanding its nuclear power capacity as part of its massive infrastructure development program. In December 2021, India’s Department of Atomic Energy announced plans to expand the current nuclear power capacity of 6.78 GW to about 22.480 GW by 2031. Additionally, the net-zero targets in India are likely to be met through a combination of various clean energy sources, including nuclear power, over the coming years.​

· In February 2022, France announced plans to develop six new nuclear power reactors, building a further eight, and push ahead with the development of small modular reactors to reduce the country's energy demand while increasing its carbon-free energy capacity. Moreover, there are several other nuclear power plants globally in the construction or planning phase. Such significant nuclear plans and investment scenarios are likely to result in substantial development of the nuclear power market over the coming years.​

· Therefore, owing to the above points, the energy segment is expected to dominate the nuclear power market during the forecast period.

 nuclear energy market size

Asia-Pacific Expected to Witness Significant Growth

· In contrast to North America and Europe, where growth in nuclear electricity generating capacity has been limited for many years, several countries in the Asia-Pacific are planning and building new nuclear power plants to meet their increasing demand for clean electricity.​

· As of 2021, China had the most extensive new-build program for nuclear energy globally. The strong project pipeline is expected to strengthen the outlook for the Chinese nuclear power market, which has previously suffered from regulatory headwinds stemming from the government's decision to suspend approvals for nuclear reactors until a re-examination of plans was concluded after the 2011 Japanese Fukushima Disaster.​

· China uses the most advanced technology and stringent standards for developing nuclear power plants and strictly manages the entire life cycle of nuclear power plants from design, construction, and operation to decommissioning. As of December 2021, China had around 52 nuclear power reactors in operation with a combined capacity of 49.77 GWe. The country generated about 366.2 TWh of electricity from nuclear power, representing 4.7% of the total electricity generation in the country in 2020.​

· The Chinese nuclear sector is expected to continue to expand at a robust rate during the forecast period and beyond, with capacity increasing by 10.3% per year between 2018 and 2027, resulting in more than 95 GW of installed nuclear power capacity. This aligns with the aims of decarbonizing the country's electricity generation and amassing nuclear expertise to export technology.​

· The Indian government is dedicated to growing its nuclear power generation capacity to meet the increasing electricity demand in the country. According to the Indian government, the country's nuclear capacity is expected to reach about 22.5 GWe by 2031. ​

· As of December 2021, the country had 23 operable nuclear reactors with a combined capacity of 6.88 GWe, and seven reactors with a combined capacity of 5.19 GWe are in the construction stage.

· South Korea currently generates about one-quarter of its electricity from nuclear power, with a mixture of imported coal and gas used to produce the balance. As of October 2021, the country had 24 operable nuclear reactors with a combined capacity of 23.15 GWe, four reactors with a combined capacity of 5.6 GWe, and two reactors with a combined capacity of 1.24 GWe under construction, planned, and proposed stages, respectively.​

· Therefore, owing to the above factors, Asia-Pacific is expected to witness significant market growth during the forecast period.

 nuclear energy industry

Competitive Landscape

The nuclear power market is moderately consolidated. The key players in this market include GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Inc., Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, KEPCO Engineering & Construction, ŠKODA JS AS, and China National Nuclear Corporation, among others.

Recent Developments

· In February 2022, state-owned China National Nuclear Corp. (CNNC) signed a contract with the Argentine government to build the USD 8 billion Atucha III nuclear power plant using China's Hualong One technology. This is being done for reviving a deal that had been stalled for years.​Atucha III is expected to have a gross power of 1,200 MW and an initial useful life of 60 years. This would allow the expansion of nuclear capacities in the country​.

· In February 2022, West Virginia Governor Jim Justice signed a bill eliminating the US state's ban on nuclear power plants.​ West Virginia is the second-largest coal producer in the US and accounted for around 5% of the nation's total energy production in 2020. The state is looking to increase its dependence on coal over nuclear power.​

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Installed Capacity and Forecast in GW, until 2027

    3. 4.3 Recent Trends and Developments

    4. 4.4 Government Policies and Regulations

    5. 4.5 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.5.1 Drivers

      2. 4.5.2 Restraints

    6. 4.6 Supply Chain Analysis

    7. 4.7 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.7.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.7.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.7.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.7.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.7.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Application

      1. 5.1.1 Energy

      2. 5.1.2 Defense

      3. 5.1.3 Other Applications

    2. 5.2 Reactor Type

      1. 5.2.1 Pressurized Water Reactor and Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor

      2. 5.2.2 Boiling Water Reactor

      3. 5.2.3 High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactor

      4. 5.2.4 Liquid-metal Fast-breeder Reactor

      5. 5.2.5 Others Reactor Types

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 South America

      5. 5.3.5 Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers, Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Electricite de France SA (EDF)

      2. 6.3.2 GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Inc.

      3. 6.3.3 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC

      4. 6.3.4 STP Nuclear Operating Company

      5. 6.3.5 SKODA JS AS

      6. 6.3.6 China National Nuclear Corporation

      7. 6.3.7 Bilfinger SE

      8. 6.3.8 BWX Technologies Inc.

      9. 6.3.9 Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction Co. Ltd

      10. 6.3.10 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd

      11. 6.3.11 Bechtel Group Inc.

      12. 6.3.12 Japan Atomic Power Co.

      13. 6.3.13 Rosatom Corp.

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability

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Frequently Asked Questions

The Nuclear Power Market market is studied from 2019 - 2027.

The Nuclear Power Market is growing at a CAGR of <1.5% over the next 5 years.

Middle East and Africa is growing at the highest CAGR over 2021- 2026.

Europe holds highest share in 2021.

GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy , KEPCO Engineering & Construction , China National Nuclear Corporation , Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, ŠKODA JS a.s. are the major companies operating in Nuclear Power Market.

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