Desalination System Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The report covers global desalination market forecasts and trends. The market is segmented by technology of separation (thermal technology (multi-stage flash distillation (MSF), multi-effect distillation (MED), and vapor compression distillation), membrane technology (electrodialysis (ED), electrodialysis reverse (EDR), reverse osmosis (RO), and other membrane technologies (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, and microfiltration), application (municipal, industrial, and other applications (leather, defense), and geography (Asia-Pacific, North America, Europe, South America, and Middle-East and Africa). The market size and forecasts for the desalination system market are provided in revenue (USD) for all the above segments.

Desalination System Market Size

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Desalination System Market Summary
Study Period 2019 - 2029
Market Size (2024) USD 1.54 Trillion
Market Size (2029) USD 2.35 Trillion
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 8.91 %
Fastest Growing Market Middle East and Africa
Largest Market Middle East and Africa

Major Players

Desalination System Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Desalination System Market Analysis

The Desalination System Market size is estimated at USD 1.54 trillion in 2024, and is expected to reach USD 2.35 trillion by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 8.91% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

The desalination market was negatively impacted by COVID-19 as it restricted the operating activities of several industries, including the power and petrochemical industries. Implementing stringent lockdown measures led to a halt of industrial operations. However, the sector has been recovering well since restrictions were lifted. The growing industrial activities supported by restored supply chains and operating rates, growing residential and commercial spaces, and increasing population have been registering the positive demand for desalination systems.

  • Over the short term, increasing demand from the Middle East and North Africa due to the lack of fresh water supply and the growing demand for desalinated water for industrial purposes are the major factors driving the growth of the market studied.
  • However, RO membrane fouling and environmental repercussions of desalination are the key factors anticipated to restrain the growth of the target industry over the forecast period.
  • Nevertheless, the rising number of upcoming desalination projects is likely to create lucrative growth opportunities for the global market soon.
  • The Middle East and Africa emerged as the largest market for desalination systems due to the growing demand for desalinated water from various countries for industrial applications.

Desalination System Market Trends

Municipal Application to Dominate the Market

  • Municipal application accounts for the highest percentage of desalination systems in installed plants. The world is in need of fresh water, and 97% of the water on earth is salted, with an average salinity of 3.5%, which is way too high for drinking, industry, or agriculture.
  • Water is fundamental to life, yet sustainable freshwater resources are increasingly limited in quantity and quality. Population growth, changing water consumption patterns, and climate change threaten freshwater sources.
  • The majority of the existing plants are handled by municipal departments in various countries. For instance, the Middle East & Africa get their fresh water supply from desalination plants. Over 90% of the water supply is supplied by municipal corporations in these regions.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between Morocco’s government and the OCP group in 2023, aiming to provide the cities of Safi, El Jadida, and neighboring regions with drinkable water using seawater desalination.
  • According to a statement from the Ministry of Logistics and Water, operations in the Safi seawater desalination plant have commenced. The plan has an ambitious aim of producing approximately 10 million cubic meters of drinking water in the year 2023.
  • In India, in 2023, in a bid to meet Mumbai’s burgeoning water demand, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has rolled out tenders on the ambitious desalination plant project.
  • The project is at an estimated cost of INR 13,028 crore (USD 1582.358 million). The civic body seeks to design and build the project over the course of the next three years. The data furnished by the civic body shows that while the estimated cost for the first phase of the project is INR 5,625 crore (USD 683.2 million), the second phase, which seeks to expand the plant to a capacity of 400 MLD, is estimated at INR 7,404 crore (USD 899.2 million).
  • Therefore, all the above-mentioned factors help in the growth of desalination systems for municipal application.
Desalination System Market - Desalination Capacity Distribution Worldwide, % Share, by Region, 2022

Middle East and Africa Dominates the Market

  • The Middle East and Africa emerged as the largest market for desalination systems. The demand for desalination systems in the region is mainly due to the growing demand for desalinized water for drinking and industrial and agricultural use.
  • In addition to this, growing population, rapid urbanization, and limited availability of surface water have increased in countries such as Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, and South Africa, among others; this has, in turn, increased the consumption of fresh water, which is driving the demand for desalination systems in the region.
  • Saudi Arabia is classified as one of the most water-scarce nations on the planet. Saudi Arabia is among the world’s largest consumers of water, next to the United States and Canada, with daily water consumption of 250 liters per capita.
  • To meet the demand, Saudi Arabia has become the largest producer of desalinated water worldwide, accounting for 25% of the global supply. It is home to the world’s largest desalination plants.
  • In March 2022, Saudi Arabia announced more than 60 water projects worth SAR 35 billion (USD 9.33 billion) that will strengthen the Kingdom’s position as the world’s largest water desalination market, as reported at the 3rd MENA Desalination Projects Forum 2022.
  • After completion, these projects are expected to increase the desalination capacity to 7.5 million cubic meters of water per day by 2027, from 2.54 cubic meters per day in 2021, nearly tripling the capacity in six years.
  • Recently, Algeria has faced severe drought due to the decrease in rainfall in the country over the last decade, which is between 30% and 40%, which made the policymakers expand plans of desalination to meet the daily needs of both households and industrial applications.
  • Algeria is home to Africa’s largest desalination plant, the HammaSeawater Desalination Plant, with a freshwater production capacity of 200,000 cubic meters per day.
  • In October 2022, the Emirates Water and Electricity Company (EWEC) received proposals from three companies for the development of a seawater desalination plant in Abu Dhabi. Spanish infrastructure group Acciona, France’s Engie, and GS Inimah have shown interest in building the Shuweihatplant, which will supply up to 70 million imperial gallons daily in Abu Dhabi's Al Dhafra region.
  • Thus, all the factors mentioned above impact the demand for desalination systems in the Middle East and Africa region.
Desalination Systems Market - Growth Rate by Region, 2023 - 2028

Desalination System Industry Overview

The desalination system market is highly fragmented. The major players (not in any particular order) include Veolia, Doosan Enerbility, Aquatech International LLC, Fisia Italimpianti S.p.A., and IDE, among others.

Desalination System Market Leaders

  1. Veolia

  2. Doosan Enerbility

  3. Aquatech International LLC

  4. Fisia Italimpianti S.p.A.

  5. IDE

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

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Desalination System Market News

  • April 2022: Veolia Water Technologies, a subsidiary of the Veolia group and leading specialist in water treatment announced the Asia-Pacific launch of the Barrel, an integrated plug-and-play reverse osmosis (RO) technology. The Barrel produces fresh water that complies with all water quality regulations while meeting the demands and expectations of the desalination market.
  • August 2022: Doosan Enerbility signed a contract with Shuaibah Three Water Desalination Co., a special purpose company established by ACWA Power, to construct the Shuaibah 3 seawater desalination plant to build a seawater desalination plant worth JPY 840 billion (USD 633 billion) in Saudi Arabia. This project involves building a reverse osmosis (RO) seawater desalination plant about 110 km south of Jeddah City.

Desalination System Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Drivers

      1. 4.1.1 Increasing Demand from Middle East and North Africa

      2. 4.1.2 Growing Demand of Desalinated Water for Industrial Purposes

    2. 4.2 Restraints

      1. 4.2.1 RO Membrane Fouling

      2. 4.2.2 Environmental Repercussions of Desalination

    3. 4.3 Industry Value Chain Analysis

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.4.5 Degree of Competition

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION (Market Size in Value)

    1. 5.1 Technology of Separation

      1. 5.1.1 Thermal Technology

        1. Multi-stage Flash Distillation (MSF)

        2. Multi-effect Distillation (MED)

        3. Vapor Compression Distillation

      2. 5.1.2 Membrane Technology

        1. Electrodialysis (ED)

        2. Electrodialysis Reversal (EDR)

        3. Reverse Osmosis (RO)

        4. Other Membrane Technologies

    2. 5.2 Application

      1. 5.2.1 Municipal

      2. 5.2.2 Industrial

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      2. 5.3.2 North America

        1. United States

        2. Mexico

      3. 5.3.3 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. Spain

        4. Rest of Europe

      4. 5.3.4 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Chile

        3. Rest of South America

      5. 5.3.5 Middle-East and Africa

        1. Saudi Arabia

        2. Algeria

        3. United Arab Emirates

        4. Egypt

        5. Rest of Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Market Ranking Analysis

    3. 6.3 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    4. 6.4 Company Profiles

      1. 6.4.1 ACCIONA

      2. 6.4.2 Aquatech International LLC

      3. 6.4.3 Biwater Holdings Limited

      4. 6.4.4 Coxabengoa

      5. 6.4.5 Dupont

      6. 6.4.6 Doosan Enerbility

      7. 6.4.7 Evoqua Water Technologies LLC

      8. 6.4.8 Fisia Italimpianti S.p.A.

      9. 6.4.9 IDE Water Technologies

      10. 6.4.10 Metito

      11. 6.4.11 Ocean Oasis

      12. 6.4.12 Veolia

    5. *List Not Exhaustive

    1. 7.1 Upcoming Desalination Projects

    2. 7.2 Other Opportunities

**Subject to Availability
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Desalination System Industry Segmentation

The purpose of a desalination system is to clean or purify brackish water or seawater and supply water with total dissolved solids. The desalination system includes several technologies, among which reverse osmosis is largely used for the purification process.

The technology of separation, application, and geography segments the desalination system market. By the technology of separation, the market is segmented into thermal technology (multi-stage flash distillation (MSF), multi-effect distillation (MED), and vapor compression distillation) and membrane technology (electrodialysis (ED), electrodialysis reversal (EDR), reverse osmosis (RO), and other membrane technologies (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, and microfiltration)). By application, the market is segmented into municipal, industrial, and other applications (leather, defense). The report also covers the size and forecasts for the desalination system market in 14 countries across major regions. 

For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts have been done based on revenue (USD).

Technology of Separation
Thermal Technology
Multi-stage Flash Distillation (MSF)
Multi-effect Distillation (MED)
Vapor Compression Distillation
Membrane Technology
Electrodialysis (ED)
Electrodialysis Reversal (EDR)
Reverse Osmosis (RO)
Other Membrane Technologies
Rest of Asia-Pacific
North America
United States
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South America
Rest of South America
Middle-East and Africa
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Rest of Middle-East and Africa
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Desalination System Market Research Faqs

The Desalination System Market size is expected to reach USD 1.54 trillion in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 8.91% to reach USD 2.35 trillion by 2029.

In 2024, the Desalination System Market size is expected to reach USD 1.54 trillion.

Veolia, Doosan Enerbility, Aquatech International LLC, Fisia Italimpianti S.p.A. and IDE are the major companies operating in the Desalination System Market.

Middle East and Africa is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the Middle East and Africa accounts for the largest market share in Desalination System Market.

In 2023, the Desalination System Market size was estimated at USD 1.41 trillion. The report covers the Desalination System Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Desalination System Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

The growth opportunities in the Desalination Industry are a) The development of hybrid desalination processes and advancements in desalination technologies b) Adoption of digital technologies for monitoring and process control

Desalination System Industry Report

The global desalination industry is experiencing significant growth, driven by increasing water scarcity due to factors such as climate change, industrial development, pollution, and population growth. The desalination market size is segmented by technology, application, and water source. Membrane technology, particularly reverse osmosis, dominates the technology segment due to its high efficiency and lower energy consumption. The municipal sector leads the application segment, reflecting the growing need for treated water in urban areas. Seawater is the primary water source for desalination, given its abundance and the increasing demand for potable water. The market faces challenges such as membrane fouling and scaling, but opportunities lie in hybrid desalination processes that combine multiple technologies to improve efficiency and reduce costs. Overall, the water desalination equipment market is poised for robust growth, driven by technological advancements and the urgent need for sustainable water solutions. Statistics for the desalination system market share, size, and revenue growth rate are created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Desalination system analysis includes a market forecast outlook and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Desalination System Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)