Automotive Fuel Cell System Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is segmented by Electrolyte Type (Polymer Electronic Membrane Fuel Cell, Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Alkaline Fuel Cell, and Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell), Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars and Commercial Vehicles), Fuel Type (Hydrogen and Methanol), Power Output (Below 100 KW, 100-200 KW, and Above 200 KW), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle-East and Africa). The report offers the market size and forecasts for automotive fuel cell systems in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Size

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Summary
Study Period: 2018 - 2028
Fastest Growing Market: Europe
Largest Market: Asia-Pacific
CAGR: 40.63 %

Major Players

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Analysis

The automotive fuel cell system market was valued at around USD 1.8 billion in 2021, and it is expected to reach USD 14.2 billion by 2027, registering a CAGR of 40.06% during the forecast period.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has not impacted the market as severely as it had impacted the other automotive segments. The demand experienced a decline during the lockdown, but it is expected that the market will gain momentum in 2021 and that the high growth will continue during the forecast period.

The pandemic COVID-19 outbreak has not had as severe an impact on the market as it has on other vehicle categories. Demand suffered during the lockdown period, but it is projected that the market will regain pace in 2022 and that significant growth will continue throughout the forecast period.

With the growing environmental concerns, governments and environmental agencies are enacting stringent emission norms and laws, which are expected to increase the manufacturing cost of fuel-efficient diesel engines in the coming years. As a result, the new commercial vehicle diesel engines segment is expected to register a sluggish growth rate during the short term.

Additionally, conventional fossil fuel-powered commercial vehicles, especially trucks and buses, are responsible for increasing transportation emissions. The advent of fuel cell commercial vehicles, which are considered low or zero-emission vehicles, is anticipated to reduce vehicular emissions emitted by heavy commercial vehicles.

Moreover, initiatives by government bodies around the world to opt for green energy mobility in order to curtail and curb transportation pollution is a key factor that is projected to drive the fuel cell system market in the near future.

Automotive Fuel Cell System Industry Segmentation

The automotive fuel cell system market is segmented by electrolyte type, vehicle type, fuel type, power output, and geography.

By electrolyte type, the market is segmented into polymer electronic membrane fuel cell, direct methanol fuel cell, alkaline fuel cell, and phosphoric acid fuel cell.

By vehicle type, the market is segmented into passenger cars and commercial vehicles.

By fuel type, the market is segmented into hydrogen and methanol.

By power output, the market is segmented into below 100 KW, 100-200 KW, and above 200 KW.

By geography, the market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle-East and Africa.

Electrolyte Type
Polymer Electronic Membrane Fuel Cell
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
Alkaline Fuel Cell
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell
Vehicle Type
Passenger Cars
Commercial Vehicles
Fuel Type
Power Output
Below 100 KW
100-200 KW
Above 200 KW
North America
United States
Rest of North America
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Korea
Rest of Asia-Pacific
South America
Rest of South America
Middle-East and Africa
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
Rest of Middle-East and Africa

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Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Automotive Fuel Cell System Market according to our research experts:

Government Initiatives for Clean Energy is Driving the Market

Government initiatives throughout the world to choose green energy mobility in order to restrict and reduce transportation pollution is a crucial driver that is expected to boost the fuel cell commercial vehicle market in the near future. Several governments are already laying out plans throughout the world to encourage FCEVs on the road will also help the automotive fuel cell industry grow.

  • In February 2022, Japan’s Ministry of the Environment announced that it would support local governments and companies in the establishment of a hydrogen business consortium. The ministry has been jointly implementing a hydrogen supply chain platform that generates low-carbon hydrogen and utilizes it in the region with certain companies and local governments. It aims to realize the hydrogen supply chain platform after conducting demonstrations across Japan by around 2030.
  • In February 2022, the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy announced that it implemented the “Renewable Energy Research and Technology Development” program to support research in various aspects of renewable energy, including inter-alia hydrogen-based transportation and fuel cell development. The ministry listed some of its major development. IISc has established a production plant for high purity hydrogen generation through biomass gasification. ARCI Centre for Fuel Cell Technologies is setting up an integrated automated manufacturing line for producing 20 kW PEM Fuel Cell stacks.
  • In January 2022, the German government announced support for the CryoTRUCK project for hydrogen trucks. The testing specialist IABG and the Technical University of Munich are jointly developing a CRYOGAS hydrogen gas tank with a refueling system for hydrogen trucks in long-distance transport. The three-and-a-half-year CryoTRUCK project, which has a total budget of more than EUR 25 million, will develop and validate a first-generation technology for cryogenic compressed hydrogen gas (CRYOGAS) storage and refueling system in heavy-duty fuel cell trucks.

Such initiatives are driving the market forward by increasing the adoption of fuel-cell transportation. However, the major obstacle to the introduction of a wide range of fuel cell vehicles in the global market is the lack of hydrogen infrastructure. Factors for fewer hydrogen refueling stations around the world are the involvement of high investment and conventional production methods of hydrogen, which is leading to high emission levels and making it difficult to be in line with the stringent Energy Policy Act.

Establishing a new hydrogen refueling infrastructure is extremely costly (but not any costlier than establishing a methanol or ethanol infrastructure). Hydrogen that is produced from natural gas can be cheaper than gasoline. Hydrogen produced from water and electricity via hydrolysis is more expensive than gasoline using conventional methods unless low-cost off-peak electricity is used or solar panels are employed.

Automotive Fuel Cell System - Market Revenue (%), by Vehicle Type (2021)

Europe Expected to Witness High Growth Rate

The European Union plans to reduce GHG emissions from the transportation sector significantly. As a result, several countries in Europe have identified the implementation of innovative technologies, such as fuel cells (primarily PEMFC), as a way to meet these objectives. This, in turn, is expected to provide a significant opportunity for the fuel cell manufacturers involved in the market in the near future.

In Europe, the market is driven by the JIVE (Joint Initiative for hydrogen Vehicles), which seeks to deploy new zero-emission fuel cell buses and refueling infrastructure across five countries by 2020. Fuel cell electric buses are the major application of fuel cell systems in the region and global market, and through the JIVE program, the number of these buses is expected to increase in the coming years.

  • In March 2021, Solaris delivered the first of a total of 15 hydrogen buses ordered in 2020 by public transport operator Regionalverkehr Köln GmbH (RVK) in Germany. The purchase of hydrogen-powered Solaris buses is under the JIVE 2 project, with the support of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) and the NIP2 program (National Innovation Program for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology). The Solaris Urbino 12 hydrogen vehicles use a set of 70 kW fuel cells, by which the bus can cover up to 350 km on a single refill.

Various companies based out of Europe are active in the automotive fuel cell system market.

  • In March 2021, Robert Bosch GmbH announced that it was planning to develop automotive fuel cell (FC) system components and commercialize them by 2022. In addition to FC stacks, which are under development, the company stated that it would be developing integrated systems that combine the key components of fuel cell vehicles (FCV), including hydrogen gas injectors and air valves.
  • Moreover, in March 2021, Daimler Truck AG and the Volvo Group founded a fuel-cell joint venture. The Volvo Group acquired 50% shares in the existing Daimler Truck Fuel Cell GmbH & Co. KG at a value of around EUR 0.6 billion. The new joint venture, Cellcentric GmbH & Co. KG, is expected to be the world’s leading manufacturer of fuel cells.

The companies active in the region are constantly working on new materials and new fuel cell technologies. They are also spending on the expansion of their facilities. These trends are expected to continue in the coming years, as some companies have indicated their focus on fuel cell technology by announcing their upcoming investments.

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market - Growth Rate by Region, 2022 - 2027

Automotive Fuel Cell System Industry Overview

The automotive fuel cell system market is dominated by players such as Ballard Power Systems Inc., Doosan Fuel Cell Co. Ltd, Hydrogenics, and Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV. These companies have been expanding their businesses using new and innovative technologies to have an advantage over their competitors.

  • In February 2021, Ballard Power Systems signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Chart Industries Inc. for the joint development of integrated system solutions, which include a fuel cell engine with onboard liquid hydrogen (“LH2”) storage and vaporization for the transportation industry mainly for heavy-duty applications, including buses, trucks, rail, and marine vessels.
  • In February 2021, ACCIONA SA and Plug Power Inc. signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to launch a 50-50 joint-venture (JV) headquartered in Madrid. This JV will be a leading green hydrogen platform serving clients in Spain and Portugal, which will provide cost-efficient green hydrogen to multiple end markets.

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Leaders

  1. Ballard Power Systems Inc.

  2. Doosan Fuel Cell Co Ltd

  3. Plug Power

  4. Nuvera Fuel Cells LLC

  5. Hydrogenics ( Cummins Inc.)

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Concentration

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market News

  • In February 2022, the Adani Group signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (“MoU”) with Ballard Power Systems to evaluate a joint investment case for the commercialization of hydrogen fuel cells in various mobility and industrial applications in India. Under the MoU, both parties will examine various options to cooperate, including potential collaboration for fuel cell manufacturing in India.
  • In March 2021, Nuvera Fuel Cells announced the expansion of its hydrogen fuel cell engine testing capabilities with the commissioning of a large-scale durability test facility in Italy. The new automated facility, located at the SIAD SpA’s main plant in Osio, was designed, constructed, and commissioned over a period of three years.
  • The Nuvera Fuel Cell Engine Test Module (ETM) is a fully equipped testing ground for the company’s expanding product line. It provides the capability of simultaneously testing up to eight fuel cell engines at different customer-specific load cycles.
  • In February 2021, Plug Power Inc. and SK Group announced the completion of the USD 1.6 billion capital investment to partner in accelerating hydrogen as an alternative energy source in Asian markets. This partnership includes a plan to form a joint venture company in Asia.

Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Drivers

    2. 4.2 Market Restraints

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Electrolyte Type

      1. 5.1.1 Polymer Electronic Membrane Fuel Cell

      2. 5.1.2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

      3. 5.1.3 Alkaline Fuel Cell

      4. 5.1.4 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell

    2. 5.2 Vehicle Type

      1. 5.2.1 Passenger Cars

      2. 5.2.2 Commercial Vehicles

    3. 5.3 Fuel Type

      1. 5.3.1 Hydrogen

      2. 5.3.2 Methanol

    4. 5.4 Power Output

      1. 5.4.1 Below 100 KW

      2. 5.4.2 100-200 KW

      3. 5.4.3 Above 200 KW

    5. 5.5 Geography

      1. 5.5.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Rest of North America

      2. 5.5.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. France

        4. Russia

        5. Spain

        6. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.5.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. India

        2. China

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.5.4 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Argentina

        3. Rest of South America

      5. 5.5.5 Middle-East and Africa

        1. United Arab Emirates

        2. Saudi Arabia

        3. Rest of Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles*

      1. 6.2.1 BorgWarner Inc.

      2. 6.2.2 Nuvera Fuel Cells LLC

      3. 6.2.3 Ballard Power Systems Inc.

      4. 6.2.4 Hydrogenics (Cummins Inc.)

      5. 6.2.5 Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV

      6. 6.2.6 Oorja Corporation

      7. 6.2.7 Plug Power Inc.

      8. 6.2.8 SFC Energy AG

      9. 6.2.9 Watt Fuel Cell Corporation

      10. 6.2.10 Doosan Fuel Cell Co. Ltd


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Automotive Fuel Cell System Market Research FAQs

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is studied from 2018 - 2028.

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is growing at a CAGR of 40.63% over the next 5 years.

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is valued at 2 Billion USD in 2018.

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is valued at 14 Billion USD in 2028.

Europe is growing at the highest CAGR over 2018 - 2028.

Asia-Pacific holds highest share in 2021.

Ballard Power Systems Inc., Doosan Fuel Cell Co Ltd, Plug Power, Nuvera Fuel Cells LLC , Hydrogenics ( Cummins Inc.) are the major companies operating in Automotive Fuel Cell System Market.

Automotive Fuel Cell System Industry Report

Statistics for the 2023 Automotive Fuel Cell System market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Automotive Fuel Cell System analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2028 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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