Automotive Fuel Cell System Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecast (2022 - 2027)

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is segmented by Electrolyte Type (Polymer Electronic Membrane Fuel Cell, Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Alkaline Fuel Cell, and Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell), by Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars and Commercial Vehicles), by Fuel Type (Hydrogen and Methanol), by Power Output (below 100 KW, 100 to 200 KW, and above 200 KW), and by Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle East & Africa). The report offers the market size and forecasts for automotive fuel cell systems in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

Market Snapshot

Automotive Fuel Cell Market Overview
Study Period: 2018-2027
Base Year: 2021
Fastest Growing Market: Europe
Largest Market: Asia-Pacific
CAGR: 40.63 %
Automotive Fuel Cell Market Major Players

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Market Overview

The automotive fuel cell system market was valued at around USD 2 billion in 2020, and it is expected to reach USD 10 billion by 2026, registering a CAGR of 40.63% during the forecast period.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has not impacted the market as severely as it had impacted the other automotive segments. The demand experienced a decline during the lockdown, but it is expected that the market will gain momentum in 2021 and that the high growth will continue during the forecast period.

The automotive fuel cell market is a revolutionary development that reduces the cost of infrastructure and other resources. The fuel cells use either hydrogen or methane as the primary energy provider. Both these fuel cells are cleaner sources of fuel compared to the conventional lithium-ion battery cells.

Eight of the world’s largest automobile manufacturers have plans to commercialize fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) by 2025. With the recent Volkswagen emissions scandal, China has made efforts to promote fuel cell technology in automobiles.

Various companies are coming together to work together in fuel cell technologies. In March 2021, Toyota teamed up with Hino Motors for heavy-duty fuel cell trucks. Under this, Hino’s Profia truck will be featuring Toyota’s polymer electrolyte fuel-cell stacks.

Scope of the Report

The automotive fuel cell system market is segmented by electrolyte type (polymer electronic membrane fuel cell, direct methanol fuel cell, alkaline fuel cell, and phosphoric acid fuel cell), vehicle type (passenger cars and commercial vehicles), fuel type (hydrogen and methanol), power output (below 100 KW, 100 to 200 KW, and above 200 KW), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle-East and Africa). The report offers the market size and forecasts for automotive fuel cell systems in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

Electrolyte Type
Polymer Electronic Membrane Fuel Cell
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
Alkaline Fuel Cell
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell
Vehicle Type
Passenger Cars
Commercial Vehicles
Fuel Type
Power Output
Below 100 KW
100 to 200 KW
Above 200 KW
North America
United States
Rest of North America
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Korea
Rest of Asia-Pacific
South America
Rest of South America
Middle-East and Africa
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
Rest of Middle-East and Africa

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Key Market Trends

Rising Adoption of Fuel Cell Systems in Commercial Vehicles

With the growing environmental concerns, many governments and environmental agencies are enacting stringent emission norms and laws, which are expected to increase the manufacturing cost of fuel-efficient diesel engines in the coming years. As a result, the new commercial vehicle diesel engines segment is expected to register a sluggish growth rate during the short term.

Additionally, conventional fossil fuel-powered commercial vehicles, especially trucks and buses, are responsible for increasing transportation emissions. The advent of fuel cell commercial vehicles, which are considered low- or zero-emission vehicles, is anticipated to reduce the vehicular emissions from heavy commercial vehicles.

The focus on green energy mobility by government bodies worldwide to curtail and curb transportation pollution is projected to drive the fuel cell commercial vehicle market in the near future. For instance:

  • In June 2021, a local governing body in London launched a fleet of hydrogen fuel-based double-decker buses in the public transport fleet in the city to reduce vehicular emissions.
  • In April 2020, India's largest power producer and a central PSU under the Ministry of Power, NTPC Ltd, invited a global expression of interest to provide ten hydrogen fuel cell-based electric buses and an equal number of hydrogen fuel cell-based electric cars in Leh and Delhi.
  • In November 2019, Beiqi Foton Motor, a Chinese government-backed truck and bus manufacturer, announced that it would invest USD 2.6 billion in alternate energy vehicles, including fuel cell engines. The company plans to deploy 200,000 new-energy commercial vehicles by 2025.
Automotive Fuel Cell Market Key Trends

Europe Expected to Witness High Growth Rate

Various companies based out of Europe are active in the automotive fuel cell system market. For instance, in March 2021, Robert Bosch GmbH announced that it was planning to develop automotive fuel cell (FC) system components and commercialize them by 2022. In addition to FC stacks, which are under development, the company stated that it would be developing integrated systems that combine the key components of fuel cell vehicles (FCV), including hydrogen gas injectors and air valves.

Moreover, in March 2021, Daimler Truck AG and the Volvo Group founded a fuel-cell joint venture. The Volvo Group acquired 50% shares in the existing Daimler Truck Fuel Cell GmbH & Co. KG at a value of around EUR 0.6 billion. The new joint venture, Cellcentric GmbH & Co. KG, is expected to be the world’s leading manufacturer of fuel cells.

The companies active in the region are constantly working on new materials and new fuel cell technologies. They are also spending on the expansion of their facilities. These trends are expected to continue in the coming years, as some companies have indicated their focus on fuel cell technology by announcing their upcoming investments. For instance:

  • In January 2021, Ricardo announced an initial investment of GBP 2.5 million to build a hydrogen development and test facility at its Shoreham Technical Center in the United Kingdom. The new facility will be supporting the company’s existing projects in hydrogen fuel cells and green alternative fuels.
  • In December 2020, Novares announced that it had developed a lightweight and affordable plastic fuel cell stack. The plastic fuel cell offers a weight-saving of 35% and a cost-saving of 25% compared to the standard metal alternatives.
Automotive Fuel Cell Market Growth Rate

Competitive Landscape

The automotive fuel cell system market is dominated by players such as Ballard Power Systems Inc., Doosan Fuel Cell Co. Ltd, Hydrogenics, and Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV. These companies have been expanding their businesses using new and innovative technologies to have an advantage over their competitors.

In October 2020, Doosan Fuel Cell announced its development plan to produce a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) to roll out a more powerful and efficient fuel cell for the Korean market. The company planned to invest USD 63 million by 2023 for this project. Ceres Power, a British SOFC technology company, signed an agreement for a joint venture with Doosan.

Recent Developments

In February 2021, Ballard Power Systems signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Chart Industries Inc. for the joint development of integrated system solutions, which include a fuel cell engine with onboard liquid hydrogen (“LH2”) storage and vaporization for the transportation industry, mainly for heavy-duty applications, including buses, trucks, trains, and marine vessels.

In December 2020, Nuvera Fuel Cells LLC announced that its fuel cell technology was an integral component of a recently-announced partnership between Capacity Trucks and the Hyster-Yale Group to develop electric and hydrogen-powered terminal tractors.

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Drivers

    2. 4.2 Market Restraints

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Electrolyte Type

      1. 5.1.1 Polymer Electronic Membrane Fuel Cell

      2. 5.1.2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

      3. 5.1.3 Alkaline Fuel Cell

      4. 5.1.4 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell

    2. 5.2 Vehicle Type

      1. 5.2.1 Passenger Cars

      2. 5.2.2 Commercial Vehicles

    3. 5.3 Fuel Type

      1. 5.3.1 Hydrogen

      2. 5.3.2 Methanol

    4. 5.4 Power Output

      1. 5.4.1 Below 100 KW

      2. 5.4.2 100 to 200 KW

      3. 5.4.3 Above 200 KW

    5. 5.5 Geography

      1. 5.5.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Rest of North America

      2. 5.5.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. France

        4. Russia

        5. Spain

        6. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.5.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. India

        2. China

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.5.4 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Argentina

        3. Rest of South America

      5. 5.5.5 Middle-East and Africa

        1. United Arab Emirates

        2. Saudi Arabia

        3. Rest of Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles*

      1. 6.2.1 BorgWarner Inc.

      2. 6.2.2 Nuvera Fuel Cells LLC

      3. 6.2.3 Ballard Power Systems Inc.

      4. 6.2.4 Hydrogenics (Cummins Inc.)

      5. 6.2.5 Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV

      6. 6.2.6 Oorja Corporation

      7. 6.2.7 Plug Power Inc.

      8. 6.2.8 SFC Energy AG

      9. 6.2.9 Watt Fuel Cell Corporation

      10. 6.2.10 Doosan Fuel Cell Co. Ltd


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Frequently Asked Questions

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market market is studied from 2018 - 2026.

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is growing at a CAGR of 40.63% over the next 5 years.

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is valued at 2 Billion USD in 2018.

The Automotive Fuel Cell System Market is valued at 10 Billion USD in 2026.

Europe is growing at the highest CAGR over 2021- 2026.

Asia-Pacific holds highest share in 2020.

Ballard Power Systems Inc., Doosan Fuel Cell Co Ltd, Plug Power, Nuvera Fuel Cells LLC , Hydrogenics ( Cummins Inc.) are the major companies operating in Automotive Fuel Cell System Market.

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