agriculture-in-tanzania-analysis-of-major-crops-and-cereals-industry
Published

August 2016

Agriculture in Tanzania: Analysis of major crops and cereals with consumption and production trends (2004 - 2014)

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Today, above 60% of Tanzanians are employed by the agriculture sector, which accounts to one third of the national income and 33.36% of the merchandise exports by the country. Today, women constitute the primary source of the agricultural labor force in the country, however as a result of the application of poor technology and a dependence on unreliable weather, both the labor force and land productivity of the sector have begun to act as a limitation to the sector.

The significance of the agricultural sector in terms of potential economic growth and poverty reduction in the country has been recognized by Government, which has also recognized the role that outside factors including infrastructure, rural financial services, land ownership and good governance have played and continue to play in the development of the sector.

When Tanzania gained independence in 1967, agriculture was the core business and became center of the country's development plans. By the help of the 'Ujamaa' communal land ownership system, Tanzania began its path to become self-sufficient in food. However, support for independence movements in neighboring countries broke Tanzania's financial reserves, and till late 1970s global commodity prices started falling. Over the last 30 years approximately 85% of the revenue of Tanzanian agricultural exports per capita have been wiped-out, from an average of US$64 in 1966-69 to US$ 9 in 1992-96. Despite of that, agriculture continues to contribute around 80% of export revenues. Most of the industries in the country are linked to the agricultural sector, whether producing farm inputs like fertilizer and farm tools, or processing agricultural products: cigarettes, canned meats, beer, pyrethrum, etc.

Most of the Tanzanian farmers are small holders, cultivate less than 2 hectares of land. Most of the farmers lack the basic skills and needs for farming. Most of the tools used in agriculture are hand tools. Only 20% of farmers use animals for plough and other purposes.

Drivers:

Tanzanian Agriculture Market is developing due to Increase in consumption, increasing exports, low water requirement in Horticulture process. Government Initiatives also helped agriculture market from the time of independence.

Restraints:

Tanzania agro market is badly affected because of Low Production, old technology in use, low quality manures and pesticides, unpredictable weather conditions, etc.

What the report offers:

The study identifies the situation of Tanzania, and predicts the growth of its agriculture market. Report talks about Agriculture production, consumption, import and export with prices and market trends, Government regulations, growth forecast, major companies, upcoming companies & projects, etc. Report will talk about Economic conditions of and future forecast of its current economic scenario and effect of its current policy changes in to its economy, reasons and implications on its growth. Lastly, the report is divided by major import & export and importing and exporting partners.

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