Myanmar Seed Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)

The Myanmar Seed Market is Segmented by Product Type (Hybrid Seeds and Open Pollinated) and Crop Type (Row Crops (Rice, Wheat, Maize, Millet, Cotton, and Other Row Crops) and Vegetables (Onion, Tomato, and Other Vegetables)).

Market Snapshot

Myanmar Seed Market Bar Graph
Study Period: 2016 - 2026
Base Year: 2020
CAGR: 12 %

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Market Overview

The Myanmar seed market is projected to register a CAGR of 12.0% during the forecast period (2021-2026). The global COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected Myanmar's seed sector in terms of production, processing, distribution, and cost of seeds in the initial months, which play a key role in developing agricultural systems. On the supply side, the supply chains are disrupted due to the international pandemic restrictions. On the demand side, the fluctuating household incomes and prices received by farmers have affected the input purchases such as seeds. Hence, COVID-19 and the policies implemented to mitigate the pandemic spread had a negative impact on the Myanmar seed sector.

Due to the stagnant growth observed in arable land and a constantly increasing population, the per capita arable land has been declining. These factors, along with poor crop productivity, are likely to put pressure on the food supply in the country. Rice is the most important staple crop in Myanmar, followed by beans, maize, millets, and sorghum. Maize and sorghum, however, are mainly used for feed and not for food. Chilies and peppers, onion, and garlic are important vegetable crops. Other vegetables produced in Myanmar are cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, tomato, radish, watermelon, bottle gourd, okra, eggplant, squash, cucumber, and cantaloupe. The majority of the companies active in Myanmar are involved in seed production and distribution of hybrid corn and vegetables. Out of the total vegetable seed market, 30-40% constitutes certified vegetable seeds, while hybrid corn seed has coverage of more than 90%. According to a white paper titled “From Rice Bowl to Food Basket: Three Pillars for Modernizing Myanmar’s Agricultural and Food Sector”, the three pillars to modernize Myanmar's agriculture are modernizing small-farm production, modernizing input markets, and modernizing output markets and supply chains.

Scope of the Report

The report defines the market in terms of end users who procure seeds for sowing. The end users include farmers and institutional buyers operating in agricultural production. For the purpose of this report, the seeds used for sowing have been considered for market estimations and forecasts. The market does not include seeds used for human or animal consumption. The Myanmar seed market is segmented by product type (hybrid seeds and open pollinated) and crop type (row crops (rice, wheat, maize, millet, cotton, and other row crops) and vegetables (onion, tomato, and other vegetables)).

By Product
Hybrid
Transgenic
Non-transgenic
Open Pollinated
By Crop Type
Row Crops
Rice
Beans
Maize
Sesame Seed
Cotton
Other Row Crops
Vegetables
Chilies and Peppers
Onion
Garlic
Other Vegetables

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Key Market Trends

Favorable Factors Promoting Growth of Hybrid Corn Production

Industrial agriculture in Myanmar has been witnessing promising growth over the past decade. This can be attributed to China’s global economic rise and the subsequent rise in demand for agricultural commodities. With many regional and global companies investing in the hybrid corn segment, huge opportunities lie for the smallholders, who dominate the region, and various entrepreneurs. After rice, corn is the second important cereal crop in Myanmar, with the primary use being in poultry and livestock feed industries. A very minimal amount of maize is used for domestic consumption, while the majority is exported for foreign exchange earnings. As per the statistics provided by MOAI, nearly 930,000 hectares of land concessions were granted to private companies in 2014. Land concessions were highest in Kachin, followed by Sagaing, Tanintharyi and Ayeyarwady Regions, and Shan State. Shan State has the most favorable conditions for the cultivation of hybrid corn.

Myanmar Seed Market Key Trends

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Vegetables Seeds Dominate the Myanmar Seed Market

Vegetables are produced on 400,000 hectares in Myanmar. Vegetables currently offer an important source of income for an estimated 750,000 smallholder farmers. Chilies and peppers, onions, and garlic are the major vegetables cultivated in Myanmar. Other vegetables include cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, tomato, radish, watermelon, bottle gourd, okra, eggplant, squash, cucumber, and cantaloupe. The vegetable seed industry of Myanmar is a highly fragmented sector, and there are many small players. This is one of the reasons for high post-harvest losses (more than 30%), low-value addition, and high prices. East West Seed (EWS) occupies a leading position in the Myanmar vegetable industry, and its activities include testing varieties, seed production, training the farmers, and improving their access to seeds. As a long-term strategy, EWS considers Myanmar perfect for seed production, having business opportunities for export due to its proximity to Bangladesh, India, and China. The major source of vegetable seeds is the farmer-saved seeds. However, seeds of different crop varieties and vegetable seeds are introduced in the country through local agro trading companies such as Seminis (Thailand), Chia Tai Seeds (Thailand), CP Company (Thailand), Known You Seed (Taiwan), Sakata (Japan), etc.

Myanmar Seed Market Growth

Competitive Landscape

The Myanmar seed market is a slightly fragmented market with some important seed-producing companies, including East-West Seed, Myanma Awba, Bayer CropScience, Charoen Pokphand, and Known You Seeds, occupying a consistent share in the market. Seeds of different staple crops and vegetables are imported into the country through local agricultural trading companies like Seminis/Monsanto (Thailand), Chia Tai Seeds, Charoen Pokphand (Thailand), Sakata (Japan), and others.

Recent Developments

In May 2019, Maynma Awba Group, in partnership with Livelihood and Food Security Fund (LIFT) and Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (“MoALI”), launched a program to improve rural farmer income through the supply of quality seeds to smallholder farmers.

In March 2019, East West Seed Company inaugurated a modern, commercial seed processing facility in Yangon. This investment is made to enhance the availability and accessibility of quality seeds to farmers.

Table of Contents

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION

    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study

  2. 2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  3. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  4. 4. MARKET DYNAMICS

    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION

    1. 5.1 By Product

      1. 5.1.1 Hybrid

        1. 5.1.1.1 Transgenic

        2. 5.1.1.2 Non-transgenic

      2. 5.1.2 Open Pollinated

    2. 5.2 By Crop Type

      1. 5.2.1 Row Crops

        1. 5.2.1.1 Rice

        2. 5.2.1.2 Beans

        3. 5.2.1.3 Maize

        4. 5.2.1.4 Sesame Seed

        5. 5.2.1.5 Cotton

        6. 5.2.1.6 Other Row Crops

      2. 5.2.2 Vegetables

        1. 5.2.2.1 Chilies and Peppers

        2. 5.2.2.2 Onion

        3. 5.2.2.3 Garlic

        4. 5.2.2.4 Other Vegetables

  6. 6. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

    1. 6.1 Most Adopted Strategies

    2. 6.2 Market Share Analysis

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 East West Seed Company

      2. 6.3.2 Charoen Pokphand Seeds

      3. 6.3.3 Known-You Seed Myanmar

      4. 6.3.4 Bayer CropScience

      5. 6.3.5 Myanma Awba

      6. 6.3.6 Dagon Group

      7. 6.3.7 Agro Bio Product Co. Ltd

    4. *List Not Exhaustive
  7. 7. MARKET OPPORTUNITIES AND FUTURE TRENDS

  8. 8. AN ASSESSMENT OF COVID-19 IMPACT ON THE MARKET

**Subject to Availability

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Frequently Asked Questions

The Myanmar Seed Market market is studied from 2016 - 2026.

The Myanmar Seed Market is growing at a CAGR of 12% over the next 5 years.

East West Seed Company, KNOWN-YOU SEED CO,. LTD., Myanma Awba, Agro Bio Product Co Ltd, Charoen Pokphand Group are the major companies operating in Myanmar Seed Market.

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