Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

The Oil and Gas in Nigeria Market Report is segmented by Sector (Upstream, Midstream, and Downstream).

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Size

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Summary
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Study Period 2019 - 2028
Base Year For Estimation 2022
Forecast Data Period 2023 - 2028
Historical Data Period 2018 - 2021
CAGR > 4.50 %
Market Concentration Medium

Major Players

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Analysis

The Nigerian oil and gas market is expected to register a CAGR of more than 4.5% during the forecast period. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly hampered the growth of the market, mainly due to global oil and gas demand contraction and global economic slowdown. The outbreak of COVID-19 led to the crude oil price crash in April 2020, leading to a significant reduction in CAPEX spending by oil and gas companies globally. The country’s national oil and gas companies were already struggling with liquidity and cash shortage, and due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the situation has further deteriorated. However, factors such as increasing investments in the upstream sector and the development of large-scale and modular refineries in the country are expected to drive the country's oil and market during the forecast period. Oil and gas production has been hampered in Nigeria in the past few years due to the attack on oil and gas infrastructure by militants. Furthermore, oil theft has been one of the major issues faced by the oil and gas market in Nigeria, which resulted in huge losses to operating companies in the country. Such factors are expected to have a negative impact on the market growth during the forecast period.

The upstream segment in the market is expected to witness significant growth, owing to the increasing offshore exploration and production activities which are mainly driven by the efforts of the government to improve the country's hydrocarbon industry.

Lack of infrastructure, uncertainties in regulations, and security concerns have led Nigeria to underutilize its refining capacities, thereby pushing the country to become a net importer of refined petroleum products. However, Nigeria is on the edge of altering refined products’ supply dynamics in the region with the help of the upcoming Dangote Refinery, and it is expected to become the regional refining hub in the coming years. Once completed, the country is planning to become the refinery hub in Africa. This, in turn, is expected to attract foreign players to tap into the country's downstream market, creating several opportunities in the future.

The increasing investments in natural gas infrastructure, owing to the country’s huge gas reserves and its advantage as a clean fuel, are expected to drive the market during the forecast period.

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Nigeria Oil & Gas Market according to our research experts:

The Upstream Segment Expected to Witness Significant Growth

  • Nigeria is one of the largest countries in terms of proved oil and gas reserves in Africa. As of 2020, proved crude oil and natural gas reserves in Nigeria reached 86.9 million tons and 49.4 billion cubic meter (bcm).
  • The country produces low-sulfur content crude oil, which has a high global demand pertaining to the need for reduction in sulfur content in the products processed by the worldwide refiners.
  • The demand for the crude oil produced in Nigeria, which has low sulfur content, is expected to rise sharply during the studied period as the global shipping industry adapts to the International Maritime Organization’s new 0.5% global bunker sulfur cap, which came into force on January 1, 2020. The Nigerian upstream market is expected to get significant investment, owing to increased demand for low sulfur content crude with IMO implications coming into effect.​
  • Also, a few recent developments are likely to add to the growth of the market. For instance, in November 2020, FIRST E&P and state-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation announced that the Oil production from Nigeria's Anyala West field, located in the shallow offshore blocks of OML 83 and 85, had commenced.
  • Therefore, owing to the above points, the upstream sector is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period.
Nigeria Oil and Gas Market : Natural Gas Production, in Billion Cubic Meters, Nigeria, 2015-2020

Growing Investments in Natural Gas Infrastructure are Expected to Drive the Market

  • Nigeria is one of the largest and oldest oil producers in Africa. The oil and gas sector is one of the most important sectors in the country’s economy, accounting for more than 90% of the country’s exports and 80% of the federal government’s revenue.
  • The country is the ninth-largest in terms of global gas reserves, with over 193.3 Tcf, but it has not started up any new gas projects recently.
  • As of 2020, Nigeria had the largest oil and gas reserves in the African region, with around 37 million barrels of crude oil (36,910) and 5.5 trillion cubic meters of gas.
  • The country plans to become an export hub in Africa by exporting not only to regional countries but also to other Asian countries, like India and China, where the gas demand is anticipated to increase in the coming years.
  • Furthermore, the country has significant domestic demand for gas, mainly from the power sector. The gas-fired power plants in the country are consistently under-utilized due to the lack of an uninterrupted gas supply. The country also has a potential domestic demand from the commercial, residential, and industrial sectors. By building the country-wide gas distribution network, the Nigerian government aims to tap into this potential.
  • Moreover, the country is investing heavily in LNG facilities, gas processing facilities, and gas pipeline projects. The expansion at the Bonny LNG plant is expected to add 35% more LNG capacity to the country. With this, the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) Limited plans to invest USD 7 billion in the Train-7 project, which would expand its production capacity to 30 mtpa making Nigeria the 3rd largest exporter of gas in the world after Qatar and Australia.
  • Therefore, owing to the above points, the growing investments in natural gas infrastructure are expected to drive the country's oil and gas market during the forecast period.
Nigeria Oil and Gas Market : LNG Exports, in Billion cubic metres, Nigeria, 2015-2020

Nigeria Oil and Gas Industry Overview

The Nigerian oil and gas market is moderately consolidated. Some of the major players operating in the market include Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Shell PLC, TotalEnergies SE, Chevron Corporation, and Exxon Mobil Corporation, among others.

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Leaders

  1. Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)

  2. Chevron Corporation

  3. Exxon Mobil Corporation

  4. TotalEnergies SE

  5. Shell Plc

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Concentration

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market News

  • In February 2022, the Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission announced the "Industry-Wide Oil Revenue Recovery Initiative" to recover the missed revenue on account of crude oil loss due to illegal tapping of pipelines. As per the petroleum commission, it is likely to recover double the country’s output from 1.5 million barrels of oil per day to 3 million barrels per day during the upcoming years.
  • In January 2022, Nigeria kickstarted implementing its new oil reform legislation for oil and gas production growth and attracting international oil and gas companies. The reform was signed in August 2020, which is expected to turn the state oil company Nigerian National Petroleum Corp. (NNPC) into a private company within six months to make it easier for the struggling company to raise funds for oil exploration and production projects. The new NNPC can now raise funds from the global capital markets and needs to pay taxes and dividends to its shareholders.

Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Oil and Gas Reserves, 2010-2020

    3. 4.3 Crude Oil Production Forecast in billion barrels per day, till 2027

    4. 4.4 Natural Gas Production Forecast in billion cubic feet per day, till 2027

    5. 4.5 Active Rig Count in Nigeria, till 2021

    6. 4.6 Recent Trends and Developments

    7. 4.7 Government Policies and Regulations

    8. 4.8 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.8.1 Drivers

      2. 4.8.2 Restraints

    9. 4.9 Supply Chain Analysis

    10. 4.10 PESTLE Analysis


    1. 5.1 Upstream

    2. 5.2 Midstream

    3. 5.3 Downstream


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)

      2. 6.3.2 Shell PLC

      3. 6.3.3 TotalEnergies SE

      4. 6.3.4 Chevron Corporation

      5. 6.3.5 Exxon Mobil Corporation

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability
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Nigeria Oil and Gas Market Research FAQs

The Nigeria Oil and Gas Market is projected to register a CAGR of greater than 4.5% during the forecast period (2023-2028).

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Chevron Corporation, Exxon Mobil Corporation, TotalEnergies SE and Shell Plc are the major companies operating in the Nigeria Oil and Gas Market.

Nigeria Oil and Gas Industry Report

Statistics for the 2023 Nigeria Oil and Gas market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Nigeria Oil and Gas analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2028 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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