Immersion Cooling Market in Data Centers - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

The Immersion Cooling Market in Data Centers is Segmented By Type (Single-phase Immersion Cooling System and Two-phase Immersion Cooling System), By Cooling Fluid (Mineral Oil, Deionized Water, Fluorocarbon-based Fluids, and Synthetic Fluids), By Application (High-performance Computing, Edge Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cryptocurrency Mining), and By Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World). The report offers the market size and forecasts in USD billion for all the above segments.

Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market Size

Immersion Cooling Market in Data Centers Summary
Study Period: 2018 - 2028
Fastest Growing Market: North America
Largest Market: North America
CAGR: 26.06 %

Major Players

Immersion Cooling Market in Data Centers Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market Analysis

The immersion cooling market in data centers is estimated at 399.9 million for the last year. It is expected to register a CGAR of 26.06%, reaching USD 1596.1 million by the end of the forecast period. Dealing with high-density power consumption is driving the market, as many industry estimates put cooling costs at around 40% of the data center's energy consumption. The immersion cooling is able to reduce the data center's energy usage by over 60%, with some systems stating it could be as much as a 95% reduction. For many data centers, this provides millions of dollars in savings annually.

  • The recent surge in data center construction activities, majorly targeted toward serving high-traffic zones with minimum latency, forced data center operators to expand beyond a suitable environment into complex urban facilities. This increased the demand for server cooling technology that involves the environmental and space constraints that traditional air and liquid cooling practices pose. The increasing need for solutions may significantly reduce the data center's physical footprint and simultaneously accommodate high-density operations, bolstering the demand for immersion cooling.
  • Growing developments in IT infrastructure in emerging economies, such as India, China, and other countries, is likely to boost the demand for data centers positively. The demand for data centers is likely to increase due to the adoption of the cloud model, which has cost and operational benefits for the IT industry. According to a study by NTT Ltd, over half of the respondents (52%) mentioned that the cloud would have the most transformational impact on their organization's business operations. Hence, the demand for the cooling of data centers is expected to increase, leading to the implementation of liquid cooling methods based on end-user preferences.
  • The growing use of Big Data, AI, to name a few, has led organizations to face a data-crunch challenge. For instance, the rising demand for cognitive capabilities in the United States led IBM Corporation to build four new cloud data centers. This is likely to encourage the utilization of cooling technologies in these data centers.
  • Immersion cooling is one of the most effective ways to cool data centers through dielectric liquids. High investment with more significant technological CAPEX has been the only restraint hindering the market's growth.
  • The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic posed additional stress on multiple economies across various sectors. This shifted the focus toward a digital economy. The new load on data centers is serious. More employees are working from home, increasing video calls and VPN usage. Allied health professionals have ramped up the use of telehealth applications to treat patients. China's top cloud computing provider, Alibaba Cloud, invests billions in building next-generation data centers to support digital transformation needs in a "post-pandemic world."

Data Centers Immersion Cooling Industry Segmentation

Immersion cooling involves the installation of the IT hardware, such as memory, drives, and CPUs, directly into non-conductive dielectric liquids, which cool the system. The heat generated from these systems is directly transferred to coolants, reducing the need for active cooling components, such as heat sinks, fans, and interface materials commonly used for air cooling.

The market study comprises type, cooling fluid, application, and geography. The application includes high-performance computing, edge computing, artificial intelligence, and cryptocurrency mining. The cooling fluid is segmented into mineral oil, deionized water, fluorocarbon-based fluids, and synthetic fluids. By application, the market is segmented into high-performance computing, e5dge computing, artificial intelligence, cryptocurrency, and mining). The market study provides the geographical segmentation along with a study of the impact of COVID-19 on the market, trends, and case studies in the immersion cooling market in data centers. The study also tracks global fluorine-based liquid suppliers and manufacturers, immersion cooling bath equipment vendors, and data center vendors.
The report offers the market size and forecasts in USD billion for all the above segments.

By Type
Single-phase Immersion Cooling System
Two-phase Immersion Cooling System
By Cooling Fluid
Mineral Oil
Deionized Water
Fluorocarbon-based Fluids
Synthetic Fluids
By Application
High-performance Computing
Edge Computing
Artificial Intelligence
Cryptocurrency Mining
Other Applications
By Geography
North America
Rest of the World

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Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market according to our research experts:

 Dealing with High-density Power Consumption Driving the Market

  • The GPU-rich system is based on a 2U ThinkSystem SR670 rack server, which includes up to four double-width GPUs per server. A small half-rack 24U system includes up to four Lenovo servers and uses less than 5 kW. At the same time, the medium-sized version includes up to 16 of the servers in full-sized 46 kW racks and can be scaled up by including as many of those racks as needed. Both systems are monitored with Schneider's EcoStruxure IT.
  • On the energy absorption front, liquid immersion cooling submerges all electrical components in a dialectic liquid, thus, reducing the energy footprint of IT alone by between 10% and 45%, as per Asperitas, a Dutch startup selling plug-and-play liquid immersion cooling modules to data centers. It further highlighted that suitable dielectric liquids absorb approximately 1,500 times more heat energy than air with the same volumes and temperatures.
  • As organizations are observed to be adding blade servers and storage devices to improve their performance, data centers are demanding more electricity and producing high heat. On average, the heat dissipation exceeds the 30 kW-50 kW/server rack. Thus, allied investments in cooling and heat management solutions for efficient heat and equipment management are increasing globally. In March last year, AMAX's HPC and AI Solutions Group announced a new 2U 4-Node density optimized server, ServMaxAE-2484L, for single-phase liquid immersion cooling.
  • The server is recognized to improve Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) by reducing server power usage by up to 20% amid the highest CPU compute density in its form factor. The 2U 4-Node density optimized server focuses on solving constraints such as location, the availability and cost of power, and the handling of increasingly demanding computing requirements, such as HPC and AI workloads.
  • According to a survey conducted by Uptime Institute, at the largest data center, IT and data center management reported an annual power use effectiveness (PUE) ratio of 1.55. Data center operators strive to achieve a PUE ratio as near to one as feasible, with many of the newest data centers from hyperscale and colocation providers delivering higher efficiency than those using an older technology.
Immersion Cooling Market in Data Centers Average Annual Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE), Global, 2019-2022

North America is Expected to Register the Largest Market

  • North America is an early adopter of newer technologies. Data center investors are increasingly investing in liquid immersion and direct-to-chip cooling solutions. The importance of edge data centers has been aided by the emergence of 5G networks worldwide, and the United States is among the earliest adopters of the technology. Many operators in the United States, such as EdgePresence, EdgeMicro, and American Towers, started investing in these centers.
  • Moreover, the mobile data traffic in the United States increased considerably over the years, from 1.26 exabytes per month of data traffic in 2017 to 7.75 exabytes per month of data traffic by this year, as reported by Cisco Systems. According to Ericsson, this data traffic is expected to triple by 2030. Thus, the distributed cloud that may secure the low latency and high bandwidth required to connect such scale easily is coming into action.
  • Due to multiple factors, energy use in US data centers is expected to grow slightly, increasing by more than 4% from 2014 to last year, according to the Energy Technology Area. Based on current trend estimates, the US data centers were projected to consume approximately 73 billion kWh in 2020.
  • The United States is witnessing massive growth in internet usage by people and businesses. The country is the largest market in data center operations, and it continues to grow due to the higher data consumption by end-users. The growing popularity of the IoT is a significant driver for the US hyper-scale data center market, leading to additional facilities supporting exabytes of data generated by business users and consumers.
  • Multiple US-based companies, like Microsoft, are researching immersion cooling deployment in data centers. The production environment deployment of two-phase immersion cooling is the next step in Microsoft's long-term plan to keep up with demand for faster, more robust data center computers when reliable advances in air-cooled computer chip technology considerably slowed. Microsoft researched liquid immersion as a cooling solution for several high-performance computing applications, such as AI. The investigation revealed that two-phase immersion cooling reduced power consumption for any given server by 5% to 15%.
Immersion cooling Market in Data center - Growth Rate by Region

Data Centers Immersion Cooling Industry Overview

The degree of competition in the market studied is high and is expected to increase over the forecast period. Players in the market are adopting strategies such as partnerships and acquisitions to enhance their product offerings and gain sustainable competitive advantage. Fujitsu Limited, Green Revolution Cooling Inc., Submer Technologies SL, Liquid Stack Inc., and Asperitas Company are some of the key market players.

In February 2022, InfraPrime and Iceotope Technology Ltd entered a partnership to eliminate and reduce water consumption for Net Zero PowerShell Sites throughout the data center life cycle. It would help leverage and boost the full potential of circular businesses for sustainable economic growth and a resilient future.

Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market Leaders

  1. Fujitsu Limited

  2. Green Revolution Cooling Inc.

  3. Submer Technologies SL

  4. Liquid Stack Inc.

  5. Asperitas Company

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Immersion Cooling Market in Data Centers Concentration

Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market News

  • April 2022: Green Revolution Cooling (GRC), based out of Texas, raised USD 28 million in a Series C funding round. The event was led by SK Lubricants, a Korean conglomerate SK Group subsidiary that manufactures a wide range of oil products and dielectric mineral oils essential for immersion cooling systems.
  • March 2022: SK Lubricants, an American liquid immersion cooling solution provider for data centers, made an equity investment of USD 25 million in GRC. The investment would increase SK Lubricant’s liquid-based thermal management operations and execution of the green ESG strategy. As part of this collaboration and investment, the companies would develop high-grade single-phase immersion coolants and liquid immersion cooling systems for data centers, working together to increase the commercialization and rapid standardization of these systems.
  • January 2022: GIGABYTE, a computer technology provider, teamed up with fellow industry leaders to build a “Two-phase Immersion Cooling Data Center” for the prominent IC foundry giant.

Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.2.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.2.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers

      3. 4.2.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.2.4 Degree of Competitions

      5. 4.2.5 Threats of Substitutes

    3. 4.3 Assessment of the Impact of COVID-19 on the Industry

    4. 4.4 Industry Supply Chain Analysis

    5. 4.5 Fluorine-based Liquid Suppliers/Manufacturers

    6. 4.6 Immersion Cooling Bath Equipment Vendors

    7. 4.7 Data Center Vendors


    1. 5.1 Market Drivers

      1. 5.1.1 Increase in the Number of Hyper-scale Data Centers

      2. 5.1.2 Dealing with High-density Power Consumption

    2. 5.2 Restraint

      1. 5.2.1 High Investment with Greater Capital Expenditure


    1. 6.1 Evolution of Data Center Cooling

    2. 6.2 Energy Consumption and Computing Density Metrics, and Key Considerations

    3. 6.3 Teardown of Fluid, Processor, GPUs, Racks, and Infrastructure Providers


    1. 7.1 By Type

      1. 7.1.1 Single-phase Immersion Cooling System

      2. 7.1.2 Two-phase Immersion Cooling System

    2. 7.2 By Cooling Fluid

      1. 7.2.1 Mineral Oil

      2. 7.2.2 Deionized Water

      3. 7.2.3 Fluorocarbon-based Fluids

      4. 7.2.4 Synthetic Fluids

    3. 7.3 By Application

      1. 7.3.1 High-performance Computing

      2. 7.3.2 Edge Computing

      3. 7.3.3 Artificial Intelligence

      4. 7.3.4 Cryptocurrency Mining

      5. 7.3.5 Other Applications

    4. 7.4 By Geography

      1. 7.4.1 North America

      2. 7.4.2 Europe

      3. 7.4.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 7.4.4 Rest of the World


    1. 8.1 Company Profiles

      1. 8.1.1 Fujitsu Limited

      2. 8.1.2 Green Revolution Cooling Inc.

      3. 8.1.3 Submer Technologies SL

      4. 8.1.4 Liquid Stack Inc.

      5. 8.1.5 Asperitas Company

      6. 8.1.6 LiquidCool Solutions

      7. 8.1.7 Midas Green Technologies

      8. 8.1.8 Iceotope Technologies Ltd

      9. 8.1.9 Wiwynn Corporation

      10. 8.1.10 DCX Ltd

    2. *List Not Exhaustive


**Subject to Availability
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Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market Research FAQs

The Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market is studied from 2018 - 2028.

The Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market is growing at a CAGR of 26.06% over the next 5 years.

North America is growing at the highest CAGR over 2018 - 2028.

North America holds highest share in 2021.

Fujitsu Limited, Green Revolution Cooling Inc., Submer Technologies SL, Liquid Stack Inc., Asperitas Company are the major companies operating in Data Centers Immersion Cooling Market.

Immersion Cooling Market in Data Industry Report

Statistics for the 2023 Immersion Cooling in Data Centers market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Immersion Cooling in Data Centers analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2028 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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