Indian Power Sector Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Report Covers India Power Market Size & Share and It is Segmented by Generation (Thermal, Hydro, Renewable, and Others) and Transmission and Distribution. The Report Offers Market Size and Forecasts in Installed Capacity for all the Above Segments.

India Power Market Size

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India Power Market Summary
Study Period 2020 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
Market Volume (2024) 492.86 gigawatt
Market Volume (2029) 752.90 gigawatt
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 8.80 %
Market Concentration Medium

Major Players

India Power Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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India Power Market Analysis

The India Power Market size in terms of installed base is expected to grow from 492.86 gigawatt in 2024 to 752.90 gigawatt by 2029, at a CAGR of 8.80% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

  • Over the medium period, factors such as supportive government policies, rising electricity demand due to infrastructural activities, and rising population are expected to drive the market during the forecasted period.
  • On the other hand, huge investment is required to set up and modernize power generation, transmission & distribution networks, and weak private sector investments are expected to hinder the growth of the Indian power market.
  • Nevertheless, India has abundant availability of solar irradiance and receives solar energy throughout the year. This has created enormous opportunities to exploit solar energy from the sunniest sites in the country, especially Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh. The factor above, clubbed with foreign investment and extensive power projects, provides an opportunity to grow the power market in India.

India Power Market Trends

Thermal Source for Power Generation to Dominate the Market

  • India has significant coal reserves, a readily available and relatively affordable fuel source for power generation. The country's large coal reserves have made it a major producer and consumer, making thermal power plants an attractive option for meeting the growing electricity demand.
  • Moreover, India has a well-established infrastructure for coal-based thermal power generation. Numerous coal mines, transportation networks, and coal-fired power plants are already operating. This existing infrastructure provides a foundation for the market's dominance of thermal power generation.
  • Furthermore, in September 2022, the Ministry of Energy India announced that the country is preparing to add as much as 56 GW of coal-fired generation capacity by 2030 to meet the growing electricity demand. The increase in coal-fired capacity would represent about a 25% jump above the country's current 204 GW of coal-fueled generation from 285 coal thermal power plants.
  • As of November 2023, India heavily relies on thermal power sources for generating electricity, with a total installed capacity of 239.07 GW, accounting for more than 56% of the country's electricity generation capacity.
  • Additionally, thermal power plants, especially those using coal, have been cost-competitive compared to alternative sources such as renewable energy. The initial capital investment for setting up thermal power plants is often lower, and the operating costs, including fuel costs, have been relatively stable compared to volatile oil and gas prices.
  • Thermal power plants can provide a consistent and reliable supply of electricity, making them suitable for meeting the base load demand, which is the minimum level of power required to meet the everyday needs of consumers. The ability to provide a stable power supply has contributed to the dominance of thermal sources in the market.
  • Therefore, as mentioned above, the thermal power sector will likely dominate the market during the forecasted period.
India Power Market: Electricity Generation by Source, in GW, India, as of June 2023

Government Policies and Support are Expected to Drive the Market

  • Government policies and support are crucial drivers of the Indian power market as they provide a clear roadmap, financial incentives, regulatory frameworks, and infrastructure development necessary for the sector's growth. By promoting renewable energy, energy efficiency, grid integration, and digitalization, the government creates an enabling environment that attracts investments, fosters innovation, and facilitates the transition toward a sustainable and reliable power market in India.
  • The Indian government has set ambitious renewable energy targets to increase the share of renewables in the overall energy mix. Policies such as the National Solar Mission, National Wind Energy Mission, and various state-level renewable energy policies provide incentives and support for developing renewable power projects. These initiatives aim to attract investments, streamline regulatory processes, provide financial incentives, and ensure a favorable environment for renewable energy growth.
  • To catalyze a sustainable transformation in the nation, the government has established a formidable objective of achieving 500 gigawatts (GW) of installed renewable energy capacity by 2030. This target encompasses the installation of 280 GW from solar power and 140 GW from wind power sources, aiming to drive a significant green revolution across the country.
  • As of 2022, the country has more than 162 GW of installed renewable energy capacity compared to 147 GW in 2021, signifying the increasing adaption of renewable energy in the country, consequently driving the power market in India.
  • In March 2023, India charted a definitive path for expanding its renewable energy sector, outlining a clear roadmap for its growth. As part of this vision, the country is committed to establishing Ultra Mega Solar Parks with a combined generation capacity of 40 gigawatts by March 2024. This ambitious initiative demonstrates India's steadfast dedication to scaling up its renewable energy infrastructure and fostering a sustainable future.
  • Additionally, the government offers various financial incentives and subsidies to promote renewable energy deployment and energy efficiency measures. These include capital subsidies, generation-based incentives, tax benefits, concessional financing, and viability gap funding. Such incentives make renewable projects financially attractive and encourage private sector participation in the power market.
  • Therefore as per the above mentioned point, supportive government policies are expected to drive the market during the forecasted period.
India Power Market: Renewable Energy Installed Capacity, in GW, India, 2018-2022

India Power Industry Overview

The Indian power market is semi-consolidated. Some key players in this market (not in a particular order) include NTPC Ltd, NLC India Ltd, SJVN Ltd, JSW Group, and Power Grid Corporation India Ltd.

India Power Market Leaders

  1. NTPC Ltd.

  2. NLC India Ltd.

  3. SJVN Ltd.

  4. JSW Group

  5. Power Grid Corporation India Ltd.

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

India Power Market Concentration
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India Power Market News

  • February 2023: United States Company signed a letter of intent with the Uttar Pradesh state government ahead of the Global Investors' Summit (GIS) to invest USD 99.65 million in the new technology. The company has signed 269 letters of intent ( LoI) so far to invest in the renewable energy sector in Uttar Pradesh.
  • February 2023: in its pursuit of meeting the growing electricity demand with renewable sources, India approved its largest hydropower project in the mountainous northeastern region neighboring China. The government has greenlit an estimated investment of USD 3.9 billion for the Dibang project, which will have a capacity of 2,880 megawatts.
  • December 2022: the Government of India, in collaboration with the Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI) and the World Bank, finalized agreements for financial support. These agreements include a loan of USD 150 million from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), a loan of USD 28 million from the Clean Technology Fund (CTF), and a grant of USD 22 million from the CTF. This funding aims to assist India in augmenting its power generation capacity by leveraging cleaner and renewable energy sources.

India Power Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 India Installed Power Generating Capacity Forecast, till 2028

    3. 4.3 Share of Installed Power Generation Capacity (%), by State, India, 2022

    4. 4.4 Electricity Generation and Consumption Forecast, in Terawatt Hours, India, till 2028

    5. 4.5 Recent Trends and Developments

    6. 4.6 Government Policies and Regulations

    7. 4.7 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.7.1 Drivers

        1. Increasing Energy Demand

        2. Government Support for Power Sector

      2. 4.7.2 Restraints

        1. Financial Viability

    8. 4.8 Supply Chain Analysis

    9. 4.9 PESTLE Analysis


    1. 5.1 Generation

      1. 5.1.1 Thermal

      2. 5.1.2 Hydro

      3. 5.1.3 Renewable

      4. 5.1.4 Others

    2. 5.2 Transmission and Distribution


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Adani Group

      2. 6.3.2 JSW Group

      3. 6.3.3 NHPC Ltd

      4. 6.3.4 NLC India Ltd.

      5. 6.3.5 NTPC Ltd.

      6. 6.3.6 Power Grid Corporation India Ltd.

      7. 6.3.7 Reliance Power Limited

      8. 6.3.8 SJVN Ltd.

      9. 6.3.9 Tata Power Company Limited

      10. 6.3.10 Torrent Power Ltd.

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

    1. 7.1 Renewable Energy Growth

**Subject to Availability
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India Power Industry Segmentation

Power generation is generated through various primary sources such as coal, hydro, solar, thermal, etc. In utilities, it's a step before its delivery to its end users. Then the process is followed by Transmission and distribution. Under this, the power generated is distributed via high-voltage lines (transmission lines) and low-voltage lines (distribution lines) as per the requirement of the end user.

The Indian power market is segmented by power generation, power transmission, and distribution (T&D). By power generation, the market is segmented into thermal, hydroelectric, renewables, and others. Only qualitative analysis is provided for power transmission and distribution (T&D). For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts are based on installed capacity, except for power transmission, and distribution (T&D), for which only qualitative analysis will be provided.

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India Power Market Research FAQs

The India Power Market size is expected to reach 492.86 gigawatt in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 8.80% to reach 752.90 gigawatt by 2029.

In 2024, the India Power Market size is expected to reach 492.86 gigawatt.

NTPC Ltd., NLC India Ltd., SJVN Ltd., JSW Group and Power Grid Corporation India Ltd. are the major companies operating in the India Power Market.

The major deal types in India's Power Market include a) Partnerships b) Debt Offerings c) Acquisition d) Asset Transactions

Indian Power Industry Report

The Indian power market is undergoing a significant transformation, fueled by government policies, market trends, and the evolving energy needs of its growing population. Dominated by thermal power due to vast coal reserves, there's a notable shift towards renewable energy, driven by ambitious targets and incentives to increase renewables' share in the energy mix. This transition is supported by India's rich solar irradiance, offering extensive opportunities for solar energy projects. Market dynamics emphasize partnerships, debt offerings, and acquisitions, highlighting a vibrant environment ripe for collaboration and investment. Regulatory frameworks, such as the Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) system, are crucial for promoting renewables and ensuring target compliance. With the support of government policies and foreign investment, the focus on renewable energy is poised to bring about substantial changes in the power sector, aiming for a more sustainable and diversified energy landscape. This shift is essential for addressing the rising electricity production and consumption demands, securing a stable and sustainable energy future for India. For a detailed analysis and forecast outlook of the India Power market, Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports offer comprehensive insights and free report PDF downloads.

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Indian Power Sector Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)