Grains Market in Cameroon: Analysis of Production, Consumption and Trade of Major Cereals, Pulses and Oilseeds, Trends and Forecast (2020 - 2025)

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Market insight:  

The Cameroon grains market focuses on to cater the domestic demands.

The grains market includes cereal crops, pulses, and oilseeds. Cameroon is not a self-sufficient country when it comes to the cereal market, as a result various cereal crops are imported from other countries. Maize, followed by rice and sorghum, is the most widely cultivated cereal crop, with a harvest area of about 800,000 hectare. Around 1.6 million metric ton of maize was produced in 2014. The maize production witnessed a CAGR of 8.58%, during 2012-2014.

Among pulses, beans, followed by cowpea, and, among oilseeds, groundnut, followed by sesame, are the most widely cultivated crops in the country. Soybean is also a widely cultivated pulse crop. Groundnut production in Cameroon recorded a steady CAGR of 4.06% during 2009-2014.

Market Dynamics:

Although the Cameroonian domestic market has a huge requirement for grains, limited resources, inadequate research, and old farming techniques, are a few reasons behind the insufficient domestic production. The unsatisfied domestic market, ever-increasing consumption, the introduction of new seeds, and improvement in farming techniques are expected to drive the grains market in Cameroon. As a result, the market is expected to witness a steady growth during the forecast period.


  • ‘One-stop shop’ quality-processing centers being set up to expedite the crop production rate
  • Improved value chain processes


  • Lack of post-harvest technologies, which fuel the rate of competition in the market for local crops
  • Lack of market awareness among local farmers, coupled with limited access to the main market and high-processing cost for cereal crops.

Market Segmentation:

The grains market can be broadly segmented into three categories, namely, cereal crops, pulses, and oilseeds. Maize, rice, sorghum, and millets are the major cereal crops, cultivated across various parts of Cameroon. Wheat is another major cereal crop, with a large consumption rate; however, it is mostly imported from other countries to satisfy the domestic need.

Beans and cowpea crops segment dominate the domestic pulses market while soybean, groundnut, and sesame are the major oilseeds, which are cultivated on a large scale in the country.

Trade Analysis:

Wheat and rice are the most imported cereal crops, contributing to around 9% of the total imports in Cameroon. In 2016, around 616,676 metric ton of wheat and 614,400 metric ton of rice were imported. France is the largest exporter of wheat and rice to Cameroon.

Wheat imports in Cameroon witnessed a healthy CAGR of 4.93% during 2012-2016. Beans was the major pulse crop, with an import of 225 metric ton in 2016, with a large chunk coming from France. The beans imports into Cameroon recorded a CAGR of 4.12% during 2011-2016. Soybean is the major oilseed, which is imported in Cameroon, with Italy being the leading exporter, with an export of 415 metric ton, out of the total 418 metric ton imported, in 2016.

The Cameroon market is a goldmine for exporters involved in the grains market, especially now, when the country is struggling to satisfy its own domestic needs. That is why, there is minimum export of grains from Cameroon.

Recent Development:

A programme to Install Young Farmers (PAIJA) is implemented by the Cameroonian Ministry of Agriculture, with a provision of XAF 1 billion in 2017, helping young people in the agricultural sector to set up their businesses. Through the targeted financial support programs to young farmers, PAIJA encourages the cultivation of crops, such as, maize, plantain, cocoa or potato.

What the report offers:

  • A close insight into the grains market of Cameroon and its growth prediction
  • An insight into the grains production, major crops, consumption, import and export, with prices and market trends, government regulations, growth forecast, etc.
  • Industrial analysis, including PESTLE, Porters, and supply chain and network & retail sector analysis
  • An insight into the emergence of opportunities in the Cameroon grains market.
  • An overview of the current government policies and their strategies, to promote the cultivation of grains in Cameroon.

The Report Holds Importance for the Following Stakeholders:

  • Investors
  • Market researchers
  • Seed companies
  • Small seed enterprises
  • Commodity traders


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