Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The report covers Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Companies and it is Segmented by Application (Vehicular and Non-Vehicular) and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle-East, and Africa). The market size and forecasts for the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Market in revenue (USD million) for all the above segments.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market Size

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market Summary
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Study Period 2020 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
CAGR > 49.00 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
Largest Market North America
Market Concentration High

Major Players


*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market Analysis

The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) market is expected to witness a CAGR of more than 49% during the forecast period.

COVID-19 negatively impacted the market in 2020. Presently the market is likely to reach pre-pandemic levels.

  • Over the long term, the SOFC market is likely to grow in the future due to the energy conversion efficiency of the cells compared to other power generation sources and long-term stability.
  • However, the market can be constrained due to the high cost of the technology compared to alkaline fuel cells.
  • Non- Vehicular segment is expected to dominate the market in the coming years due to the demand for stationary high-temperature applications.
  • Nevertheless, the technological milestones create ample opportunities for the market. For instance, Phillips 66 Company received a USD 3 million grant from the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop high-performance reversible solid oxide fuel cells. The company will collaborate with the Georgia Institute of Technology to demonstrate the feasibility of this system for hydrogen and electricity generation.
  • The Asia-Pacific region is likely to have the major share in this evolving scenario due to the favorable government policies for cleaner power supply sources.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market according to our research experts:

Non-Vehicular segment expected to Dominate the Market

  • Stationary power sources are designed to provide power, not to move. It primarily includes main power units, uninterruptible power systems (UPS), and heat and power (CHP) co-generation systems. SOFC's used in CHP systems generate electricity and heat from a single fuel source. SOFC's are used in both large stationary combined heat and power (CHP) and small stationary micro-CHP.
  • Due to the advantages such as high-quality heat supply, high electrical efficiency, flexibility of fuel use, use of inexpensive materials, and small installation footprints, SOFC's are used in CHP applications. Using SOFC, the CHP system generates electricity with almost zero pollutant emissions at 60% efficiency even in low power ranges.
  • Solid oxide fuel cells are best suited for stationary power generation systems for homes and businesses. However, their high-temperature efficiency distinguishes them from other fuel cells used for such purposes, making them best suited for cogeneration systems or combined heat and power systems.
  • The United States and Europe witnessed a constant acceleration in the installed micro-CHP systems, which reduced carbon-dioxide emissions to a great level. In the United Kingdom, the CO2 emissions were recorded at around nine metric ton in 2010, which were reduced to around four metric ton with the qualifying CHP systems.
  • The technology is gaining momentum in the residential sector and the Commercial segment. In November 2020, Cummins Inc. announced that it received two federal grants of a total of USD 4.6 million to advance the commercialization of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology in the United States to help commercial and industrial customers minimize their carbon impact while providing energy resiliency and cutting costs in their businesses by installing fuel cell-based CHP systems.
  • Furthermore, Bloom Energy Solutions has introduced an advanced distributed electric power generation solution based on solid oxide fuel cell technology. This offers customers a reliable, and cost-effective clean alternative to the electric grid.
  • Similarly, companies such as Microsoft consider SOFCs to be a quick and viable alternative to the electric grid and can still provide some environmental advantages over combustion. Microsoft estimates that carbon dioxide emissions could be reduced by up to 49%, nitrogen oxide by 91%, carbon monoxide by 68%, and volatile organic compounds by 93%. Microsoft says less than 35% of the energy provided by a power plant is delivered to the data center due to generation, transmission and distribution losses. When energy consumption associated with lighting, cooling, and energy storage on the site is considered, only 17.5% of the energy supplied by a power plant reaches the servers.
  • It is expected that SOFC systems designed for in-rack power generation in data centers are likely to produce more electricity and less heat and that such will be cooled with excess air and air ventilation systems already present in the data center
  • Such developments are expected to boost the demand for Stationary SOFC systems in the future.
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market- Market Size and Demand Forecast,

Asia-Pacific to Dominate the Market

  • Asia-Pacific is expected to have the highest growth in the deployment of fuel cells due to the government's support for sustainable sources in the domestic energy mix. China and Japan are leading in the region with vast applications of fuel cells, ranging from backup services for data centers and combined heat and power systems for homes.
  • China has great potential in the solid oxide fuel cell market as the government is increasingly focusing on ways to utilize clean energy technology in order to switch to a low-carbon economy.
  • Moreover, the SOFC market with hydrogen as fuel in the country has been gaining traction on the back of favorable national and provincial government subsidies and incentive programs from local authorities to encourage the uptake of hydrogen vehicles to cut pollution.
  • China has also witnessed a rise in its hyper-scale platforms, owing to which providing data center services for Chinese hyper-scale platforms has become necessary. China has 50 internet users per 100 population, indicating scope for a lot of development and the connectivity ecosystem. The data centers can become a major consumer for the SOFCs in the country.
  • In 2022, Elcogen completed the incorporation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and stack technology into the Convion C60 power unit to generate both heat and electricity at high-efficiency levels. The project provides a template for future projects of this kind, also at scale, which is expected to enable companies to generate both heat and electricity at high-efficiency levels, all whilst reducing carbon emissions.
  • Such developments are likely to elevate the growth of the solid oxide fuel cells market in the region.
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market- Growth Rate by Region

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Industry Overview

The solid oxide fuel cells market is fragmented. Some of the key players in the market (in no particular order) include Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd, DuPont de Nemours Inc., Bloom Energy Corp., Sunfire GmbH, Convion Ltd, and Elcogen AS.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market Leaders

  1. Bloom Energy Corp.

  2. Sunfire GmbH

  3. Elcogen SA

  4. Convion Ltd

  5. Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market Concentration
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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market News

  • In June 2022, South Korea's first SOFC power plant of 4.2 MW capacity power plant came into operation, which is expected to energize close to 14,000 households annually in the country. The power plant located in the eastern port city of Donghae was built with an investment of approx. USD 19.6 billion is operationalized by a state-owned generation company, Korea East-West power company (EWP).
  • In January 2022, the Clean Hydrogen Partnership announced an investment of USD 2.65 million to fund a project exploring possibilities to integrate SOFCs with uninterruptible power supply (UPS) and lithium-ion batteries to facilitate flexible and clean primary power to data centers. The project also considers implementing natural gas SOFC as a prime power application for standby and excellent power requirements.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Market Size and Demand Forecast in USD billion, till 2028

    3. 4.3 Recent Trends and Developments

    4. 4.4 Government Policies and Regulations

    5. 4.5 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.5.1 Drivers

      2. 4.5.2 Restraints

    6. 4.6 Supply Chain Analysis

    7. 4.7 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.7.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.7.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.7.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.7.4 Threat of Substitutes Products and Services

      5. 4.7.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Application

      1. 5.1.1 Vehicular

      2. 5.1.2 Non-Vehicular

    2. 5.2 Geography

      1. 5.2.1 North America

      2. 5.2.2 Europe

      3. 5.2.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.2.4 South-America

      5. 5.2.5 Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 DuPont de Nemours Inc.

      2. 6.3.2 Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd

      3. 6.3.3 Watt Fuel Cell Corp.

      4. 6.3.4 Sunfire GmbH

      5. 6.3.5 Bloom Energy Corp.

      6. 6.3.6 Elcogen AS

      7. 6.3.7 Convion Ltd

      8. 6.3.8 Hexis SA

      9. 6.3.9 H2E Power Systems Inc.

      10. 6.3.10 Ceres Power Holdings PLC

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability
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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Industry Segmentation

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts fuel into electricity. Every fuel cell has two electrodes (anode and cathode) that help produce electricity. In Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC), the cathode converts oxygen molecules to oxygen ions. Then, the electrolyte allows the passage of the oxygen ions toward the anode preventing the progression of electrons. At the anode, oxygen ions react electrochemically with fuel, release electrons to an external circuit, and produce electricity. SOFC Market is Segmented by Application (Vehicular and Non-Vehicular) and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle-East, and Africa). For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts have been done based on revenue (USD million).

North America
Middle-East and Africa
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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Market Research FAQs

The Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market is projected to register a CAGR of greater than 49% during the forecast period (2024-2029)

Bloom Energy Corp. , Sunfire GmbH , Elcogen SA, Convion Ltd and Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd are the major companies operating in the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market.

Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the North America accounts for the largest market share in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market.

The report covers the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market historical market size for years: 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)