Fertilizer Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)

The Global Fertilizer Market is segmented By Type (Straight and Complex Fertilizers), By Crop Type (Grains and Cereals, Pulses and Oilseeds, Commercial Crops, Fruits and Vegetables, and Other Crop Types), and By Geography into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America and Africa.

Market Snapshot

Study Period:

2016 - 2026

Base Year:


Fastest Growing Market:

Asia Pacific

Largest Market:

Asia Pacific


3.8 %

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Market Overview

The global fertilizer market is projected to register a CAGR of 3.8% during the forecast period (2020-2025). The global population is increasing at a rapid rate. This growing population is adding to the food demand. Supplying food to this growing population has become a threat. On the other hand, arable land is declining, due to industrialization and urbanization. Fertilizers have been used for a long time to increase the productivity of crops. The major technological innovations in the industry, along with growing demand for bio-based and micronutrient fertilizers, are expected to drive the market. Excess use of chemical fertilizers has led to the pollution and contamination of the soil. Therefore, the bio-fertilizers segment is expected to grow exponentially during the forecast period.

In 2019, Asia-Pacific was the largest geographical segment of the market studied and accounted for a share of around 60% of the overall market. The fertilizer industry was heavily challenged in 2016. It was confronted with uneven global nutrient demand, soft economic prospects, depressing crop prices, rising market competition, and volatile energy prices. This combination created high uncertainty in the fertilizer market throughout the year.

Since the COVID-19 outbreak, the fertilizer industry has been significantly affected in many parts of the world from the outset of pandemic. Due to the shortage of labor and the shutdown of a few fertilizer plants located in the integrated chemical complexes, shipments were affected in the initial lockdown process. China, being the epicenter of the pandemic and was greatly impacted in the beginning. However, the conditions in the country are stabilized and production rates have increased for all fertilizers.

Scope of the Report

The International Fertilizer Association defines a fertilizer as “any solid, liquid, or gaseous substance containing one or more plant nutrient in a known amount, that is applied to soil, directly on plants, or added aqueous solutions (as in fertigation) to maintain soil fertility, improve crop development, yield, and/or crop quality.” The technology progress around the world, which works with modern environmental issues, attracts attention to agriculture and makes the domain of fertilizers technology the cornerstone for industrial development.

Straight Fertilizers
Nitrogenous Fertilizers
Calcium Ammonium Nitrate
Ammonium Nitrate
Ammonium Sulfate
Anhydrous Ammonia
Other Nitrogenous Fertilizers
Phosphatic Fertilizers
Mono-Ammonium Phosphate (MAP)
Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)
Single Super Phosphate (SSP)
Triple Super Phosphate (TSP)
Other Phosphatic Fertilizers
Potash Fertilizers
Muriate of Potash (MoP)
Sulfate of Potash (SoP)
Secondary Macronutrient Fertilizers
Calcium Fertilizers
Magnesium Fertilizers
Sulfur Fertilizers
Micronutrient Fertilizers
Other Micronutrient Fertilizers
Complex Fertilizers
Crop Type
Grains and Cereals
Pulses and Oilseeds
Commercial Crops
Fruits and Vegetables
Other Crop Types
North America
United States
Rest of North America
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
Rest of Asia Pacific
South America
Rest of South America
South Africa
Rest of Africa

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Key Market Trends

Decreasing Arable Land and Increasing Population

The global population is increasing at a rapid rate. This growing population is adding to the food demand. Supplying food to this growing population has become a threat. On the other hand, arable land is declining, due to industrialization and urbanization. The FAO, revealed in “The Resource Outlook to 2050”, that at this time, more than 1.5 billion hectares of the globe’s land surface (about 12%) is used for crop production. There is little scope for further expansion of agricultural land. There is pressure on the existing arable land to produce more food by using technologically advanced fertilizer in a sustainable way.

On the other hand, due to industrialization and urbanization, the available arable land is decreasing including for countries such as Armenia, Austria, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Australia, India, Japan, Turkey, and many others. For instance, the percent of arable land out of total land declined from 6.11% to 5.9% between 2014 - 2016 in Australia. Hence, there is a need to increase the productivity of the crops, in order to meet the demands. The application of fertilizers has been proved to increase the productivity of crops, thus the demand for fertilizers is expected to increase.

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Asia - Pacific Dominates the Market

Asia - Pacific accounts for about 60% of the fertilizer market. South Asia and East Asia are the major fertilizer consumers in Asia. With China representing approximately half of the consumption. In Asia, rice is a big nitrogen-consuming crop. Owing to the growing concern over the current pattern of fertilizer use, with heavy reliance on nitrogenous fertilizer, declining soil fertility, and weak marketing and distribution systems, biofertilizers and micronutrient fertilizers have emerged as new alternatives, and this fuel the fertilizer market in the region.

NPK has been the fastest-growing fertilizer product in the major fertilizer markets of Asia. The highest share of fertilizer consumption is from the grains, cereals, pulses, and oilseeds segment since crops like rice, wheat, pulses, and oil palms are largely grown in the region which consumes higher fertilizer. In 2017, rice production in Asia used the most fertilizer, accounting for 35% of total consumption. Oil palm, the second-largest consumer of fertilizer, accounts for 17% of total fertilizer consumption and 50% of potash consumption in Asia. Rice and oil palm production growths are expected to remain robust, driven by population and economic growths in the region.

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Competitive Landscape

The fertilizer market is highly consolidated, and the top ten players constitute a large share, while the other fertilizer companies constitute a smaller part of the market share, based on overall fertilizer market revenue in 2019. The major players in the market are Yara International ASA, The Mosaic Company, Nutrien Limited, EuroChem Group, PhosAgro, K+S Aktiengesellschaft​, and Groupe OCP, among others.

The companies in the market are investing heavily in product development. For instance, in 2017, The Mosaic Company with its joint venture, launched the first DAP fertilizer in Saudi Arabia. It provided a new source of phosphate rock and helped them to improve access to growing agricultural markets, most notably India.

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Table Of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions & Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overveiw

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Type

      1. 5.1.1 Straight Fertilizers

        1. Nitrogenous Fertilizers

          1. Urea

          2. Calcium Ammonium Nitrate

          3. Ammonium Nitrate

          4. Ammonium Sulfate

          5. Anhydrous Ammonia

          6. Other Nitrogenous Fertilizers

        2. Phosphatic Fertilizers

          1. Mono-Ammonium Phosphate (MAP)

          2. Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)

          3. Single Super Phosphate (SSP)

          4. Triple Super Phosphate (TSP)

          5. Other Phosphatic Fertilizers

        3. Potash Fertilizers

          1. Muriate of Potash (MoP)

          2. Sulfate of Potash (SoP)

        4. Secondary Macronutrient Fertilizers

          1. Calcium Fertilizers

          2. Magnesium Fertilizers

          3. Sulfur Fertilizers

        5. Micronutrient Fertilizers

          1. Zinc

          2. Manganese

          3. Copper

          4. Iron

          5. Boron

          6. Molybdenum

          7. Other Micronutrient Fertilizers

      2. 5.1.2 Complex Fertilizers

    2. 5.2 Crop Type

      1. 5.2.1 Grains and Cereals

      2. 5.2.2 Pulses and Oilseeds

      3. 5.2.3 Commercial Crops

      4. 5.2.4 Fruits and Vegetables

      5. 5.2.5 Other Crop Types

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Mexico

        4. Rest of North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. France

        4. Italy

        5. Spain

        6. Russia

        7. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. Australia

        5. Rest of Asia Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Argentina

        3. Rest of South America

      5. 5.3.5 Africa

        1. South Africa

        2. Rest of Africa


    1. 6.1 Most Adopted Strategies

    2. 6.2 Market Share Analysis

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Yara International

      2. 6.3.2 The Mosaic Company

      3. 6.3.3 UralChem JC

      4. 6.3.4 Nutrien Limited

      5. 6.3.5 K+S Aktiengesellschaft​

      6. 6.3.6 Groupe OCP

      7. 6.3.7 ICL Fertilizers

      8. 6.3.8 Haifa Group

      9. 6.3.9 Sociedad Química y Minera (SQM)

      10. 6.3.10 Coromandel International Limited

      11. 6.3.11 Zao Zavod Binit

      12. 6.3.12 Sinofert Holdings Limited

      13. 6.3.13 PhosAgro



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