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The European maize market is projected to register a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period (2022-2027).
There was a negative impact on food supply chains and demand for food in Europe due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The shortage of labor led to disruption in harvesting activities. During the early stages of lockdown, farmers faced challenges in input availability, transportation, sales, and cash flows. The trade barriers imposed have made it difficult to export and import the product.
The leading maize-producing countries in Europe are Ukraine, France, Italy, and Romania. Ukraine alone accounts for almost 10.0% of the global maize crop. Even though the European Union has the largest market share in the global maize export, it imports 13.0% of the total maize produced globally. Ukraine is the largest exporter of maize in Europe; it exports around 46.0% of its total production to other European countries. Such a huge dependence on the Ukrainian maize supply can, at times, proves detrimental for other European countries. The recent political instability in Ukraine, the war in Ukraine, and the ban on Ukrainian trade have created a shortage of maize supply in Europe. France utilizes 50.0% of its maize production as pig feed and exports the rest to other European countries.
Scope of the report
Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal grain that is considered a commodity and a staple food in multiple parts of the world, including Europe. The present report covers maize production, consumption, trade, and price trend analysis. Here, maize is considered a commodity, and the data involved excludes maize seeds for sowing. Market size estimations for the forecast years were in nominal terms. The average selling price (ASP) was kept constant through the forecast period for each country. The European maize market is segmented by geography into Ukraine, France, Italy, and Romania. The report includes the production analysis (volume), consumption analysis (value and volume), export analysis (value and volume), import analysis (value and volume), and price trend analysis. The report offers market estimation and forecasts in value (USD thousand) and volume (metric ton).
|Geography (Production Analysis, Consumption Analysis by Value and Volume, Import Analysis by Value and Volume, Export Analysis by Value and Volume, and Price Trend Analysis)|
Key Market Trends
The Increased Demand for Animal-based Protein Sources is Driving the Market
The increasing pressure on the livestock industry has intensified in recent years to meet the rising demand for meat and high-value animal protein. Population growth, rising incomes in developing nations, and urbanization have led to a surge in global livestock consumption. The levels of income and consumption of animal protein have been found to be directly correlated to the consumption of milk, meat, and eggs, which is increasing at the expense of staple foods. According to Eurostat, the consumption of meat per capita in EU countries was about 77.1 kilograms. The EU has a sizeable livestock population; in 2020, there were 146 million pigs, 76 million bovine animals, and 75 million sheep and goats. According to FAO, the livestock sector consumes annually about 6 billion ton of feed materials in dry matter, including one-third of the global cereal production. Maize is one of the key ingredients of almost every type of compound feed for animal types, such as ruminants, poultry swine, and aquaculture. Hence, the rising demand for animal-based protein sources is likely to drive the trade and the market for maize at a global level.
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Increase in Production of Maize
In Europe, maize is usually grown as a summer crop. The increasing demand for maize leads to a rise in production in the region. According to FAO, the area harvested under maize increased from17.34 in 2017 to 19.41 in 2020. Eventually, the production increased by 11.7% during 2017 to 2020. Ukraine accounted for the largest production of 30.29 million ton in 2020, contributing to 24.4% of the total production in Europe. Ukraine is also the fourth-largest exporter of maize in the world, valued at USD 4.8 million in 2020. China is the major importer of maize from Ukraine. Ukraine, France, Romania, and the Russian Federation account for 55.29% of total maize production in Europe. Among the European countries, the largest area under maize harvest is in Ukraine, 5.3 million hectares, an increase of 8.1% during 2019-2020. In 2020, maize production in Europe was 8.8 million ton less than in 2019, impacted by dry conditions and severe heatwaves in large parts of western and northern central Europe, eastern Romania and Bulgaria, and northern Greece. The increases in population, animal feed, and food consumption are the attributed factors for the growth in production and area. With the rise in population, production is expected to rise during the forecast period.
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The prices of milled maize closed at a new record in the European market, at EUR 340 per ton for the March 2022 deadline, affected by the Russian-Ukrainian crisis.
In February 2022, grain exporters shifted to alternative sources of wheat and corn as the Russian invasion cut off Ukrainian supplies, with the EU producers, Romania and France, being used to cover some nearby loadings.
In February 2022, the European Commission raised its forecast of 2021/22 usable production of maize in the EU’s 27 member countries to 72.5 million ton from 69.0 million a month ago and kept its forecast of EU maize imports in 2021/22 unchanged at 14.5 million ton.
Table of Contents
1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition
1.2 Scope of the Study
2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
4. MARKET DYNAMICS
4.1 Market Overview
4.2 Market Drivers
4.3 Market Restraints
4.4 Value Chain Analysis
5. MARKET SEGMENTATION
5.1 Geography (Production Analysis, Consumption Analysis by Value and Volume, Import Analysis by Value and Volume, Export Analysis by Value and Volume, and Price Trend Analysis)
6. MARKET OPPORTUNITIES AND FUTURE TRENDS
7. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE COVID-19 IMPACT ON THE MARKET
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the study period of this market?
The Europe Maize Market market is studied from 2017 - 2027.
What is the growth rate of Europe Maize Market?
The Europe Maize Market is growing at a CAGR of 4.3% over the next 5 years.