The European crop protection chemicals market has been estimated at USD 13.64 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 17.47 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 4.17% during the forecast period from 2017 to 2022. Crop protection chemicals also called pesticides constitute a class of agrochemicals that are used to kill plant-harming organisms like pests, weeds, rodents, nematodes etc., and preventing the destruction of crops by them. Any material or mixture that is capable of preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating a pest can be called pesticide. Herbicides, insecticides, insect growth regulators, nematicides, termiticides, mollusicicdes, piscicides, avicides, rodenticides, predacides, bactericides, insect repellants, animal repellants, antimicrobials, fungicides, disinfectants, sanitizers and their bio counter parts all come under the classification of pesticides.
Pesticides are used in crops as well as non-crop plants like turfs and ornamentals. They can be broadly classified into four groups depending on their usage. Farmers use herbicides for killing unwanted plants called weeds, insecticides for killing insects, fungicides for treating diseases caused by fungus and other pesticides for treating diseases, which are not caused by fungi or insects. Fungicides accounted for more than 32% of total pesticides sales in 2015.
Pesticides market is driven by the need to increase crop yield and efficiency. The region’s population is growing, but the farmlands have been decreasing pushing farmers to increase their yields. New farming practices are adopted by farmers to increase crop yields. Bio pesticides adoption is also occurring all over the region, especially in developed and some developing countries. Demand for organic and completely natural foods is increasing at a stellar rate and inevitably bio pesticides consumption has to be increased. Pesticides help in optimal usage of resources for plant growth and protect the crop from various pathogens. Some pesticides repel animals coming towards them with the help of pheromones. New farming practices require new crop protection products. The research and development costs are escalating. Many pesticides are banned in this region. The costs to register a new pesticide for sale are high in these countries. For previously mentioned reasons, investment for companies is high on new products and they are wary of returns. Per capita usage of pesticides is low in some developed countries because of their preference for very low pesticide residues and organic foods. This poses a threat to companies, as their market reach might not follow desired growth patterns. Shrinking farmlands are also threat in the form of less usage of pesticides. In countries like Spain, France and U.K. pesticides usage is saturated and a reduction in agricultural land will definitely bring down pesticides usage as well.
The market is classified based on the application into herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and other pesticides. They are further segmented depending on their chemical origin: bio pesticides and synthetic pesticides. Diverse pesticides range is used in agriculture and farming. Pesticides are also segmented by their usage in crops like cereals, fruits etc. Non-crop utilization of pesticides in turfs, ornamentals and others is also studied. Market study indicated that Cereals and grains consumed the highest market in the use of pesticides. This can be attributed to the food safety and wide variety of uses of cereals and grains.
The market is also segmented geographically into Spain, France, U.K., Germany, Russia, Italy and others. France has the largest consumer base in the world. Italy and Germany followed the list. The rising disposable income levels, rising population and food security have made Russia, the country with maximum potential for growth.
Decreasing farmlands and increasing population pose a serious threat to food security. Recently, grains are also used to produce bio fuel and this poses a risk to food security especially in developing countries, where price drastically influences consumption. Pesticides help to increase farm yields and still have a large scope to improve the overall agricultural production of the world. The major companies in crop protection chemicals are Bayer, BASF, Syngenta, DuPont, Dow agrosciences, Monsanto etc. The current trend to survive in the market is the research and innovation route. All major companies are investing profoundly in new product development to keep up with competition and gain market share. Pesticides were prominent for increased agricultural yields and will remain so in the coming years.
Key Deliverables in the Study