4D Printing Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Report Covers the 4D Printing Technology Market Growth, and It is Segmented by Type of Programmable Material (Programmable Carbon Fiber, Programmable Textiles, Programmable Bio-Material, Programmable Wood), End-User Industry (Medical, Aerospace, and Defense, Automotive, Other End Users (Construction, Clothing)), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa). The Market Sizes and Forecasts are Provided in Terms of Value (USD) for all the Above Segments.

4D Printing Market Size

4D Printing Market Summary
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Study Period 2019 - 2029
Market Size (2024) USD 0.45 Billion
Market Size (2029) USD 2.85 Billion
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 44.75 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
Largest Market North America

Major Players

4D Printing Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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4D Printing Market Analysis

The 4D Printing Market size is estimated at USD 0.45 billion in 2024, and is expected to reach USD 2.85 billion by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 44.75% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

The advancement in bio-fabrication technology will drive the 4D printing market in the forecast period.

  • When external energy sources, such as pressure, heat, energy, etc., are brought in contact with this 3D printed smart material, it alters based on the instructions in the previously given program. In this way, 4D printing technology enables the printed objects to self-transform over time.
  • The technological advancements in 4D printing are resulting in the development of technologies in the medical and defense sector. For instance, to minimize the procedures involved in carrying out the surgery, doctors use 4D printing to put self-transforming components into the patient's body.
  • Furthermore, in military applications, 4D printing has more significance. Soldiers can have a camouflage that can adapt to different environments and metals. This is increasing the performance of tanks and trucks, according to the changes in the environment. Owing to their benefits in producing guns, machinery, and other defense technologies, 4D printing is being increasingly explored by the military.
  • In the United States, the USAF and the US military are investing in 4D printing to bolster infrastructure and posture American airpower for continued dominance into the future.
  • With the outbreak of Covid-19 industries, particularly healthcare will employ more advanced technology to manufacture and meet the requirements of various medical devices and equipments. For instance, Leitat Technology Centre designed the ventilator by incorporating 3D technologies and incorporating other parts found on the market. Assembly is very fast, so currently about 100 ventilators can be produced per day.
  • A major challenge for 4D printing technology is the structural design that includes both the hardware section and software section. To design the hardware part, special measures need to be addressed.

4D Printing Market Trends

Increase in Demand for Industry 4.0 and Emergence of Industry 5.0 to Drive the 4D Printing Market

  • Additive Manufacturing, also called 3D printing, is a part of Industry 4.0. Lately, there have been many funding activities which are led to developments in this technology. For instance, previously Essentium, a 3-D printing firm, raised USD 22 million in a Series A round, led by Materialise and Genesis Park.
  • Additive manufacturing technology is still developing rapidly so companies have realized that 'manufacturing as a service' is a smart approach. Also, the future of additive manufacturing is the ability to produce personalized products with lower costs, less energy consumption, and less material waste, which is what exactly Industry 5.0 has to offer.
  • Industry 5.0 will encourage 4-D printing since it will help in concentrating on the design process, rather than the manufacturing process. The freedom of design will lead to the creation of products that are more bespoke and personal.
  • Industry 5.0 is projected to push the boundaries of physics in design. For instance, in the creation of next-generation aircraft, there is a constraint in manufacturing capabilities when it comes to Industry 4.0. On the other hand, with Industry 5.0, the manufacturing process would be better automated, since humans will mainly focus on the design of the aircraft.
4D Printing Market - Global additive manufacturing market in billion USD

North America to Account for Largest Market Share in 4D Printing Market

The North American region, particularly the United States, is among the lead innovators and pioneers, in terms of adoption, for additive manufacturing. It is expected to retain its position as the market leader, over the forecast period.

  • US- based Autodesk previously launched ADAPT, which is an additive manufacturing consortium that identifies visionary research, scalable education platforms, actionable strategic insights, and academic-industry ecosystem as the basis of its platform.
  • EnvisionTEC in Michigan, is one of the leading manufacturer and distributor of patented 3D rapid prototyping and manufacturing solutions for global organizations. Due to their strong customer and partner base in automotive, aerospace and medical industry, the company is planning to introduce 4-D printed prototypes in near future.
  • According to OECD, The healthcare expenditure of the United States, as a percentage of GDP, is higher than any other country. 4D scanners can be brought into use in healthcare in developing 4-D models for human body parts, which can then be used for producing prosthetics.
4D Printing Market - Growth Rate by Geography

4D Printing Industry Overview

The key profiles of the leading suppliers of 4D printing technology are self-assembly lab: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Hewlett Packard Corporation, Autodesk Inc., Stratasys Ltd, ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES), Exone Corporation, and others. The market is highly competitive without any dominating players. Companies in additive manufacturing and 3D printing are expanding their capabilities by investing in R&D for 4D printing. Therefore, the market is fragmented.

  • May 2023 - The I-Seed is a 4D-printed robot that can assess air and soil quality. These biodegradable robots were developed in cooperation with Trento University in Italy. According to the project's experts, the robot seed can determine the temperature and humidity of the soil and air. Additionally, it would be able to detect the presence of contaminants like mercury or atmospheric CO2 levels. The researchers used the biomechanical parameters to develop and create a robot resembling a seed. The robot, according to the researchers, was created using 4D printing.
  • March 2023 - A 4D printer with potential in the biomedical sector has been developed by researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M). The material's response can be programmed to change shape in response to an external magnetic field or its electric characteristics in response to mechanical deformation. This machine can control these additional functions.

4D Printing Market Leaders

  1. Autodesk Inc.

  2. Stratasys Ltd

  3. Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company

  4. CT CoreTechnologie Group

  5. EnvisionTEC, Inc.

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

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4D Printing Market News

  • June 2023 - Zortrax has developed 4D printing technology in cooperation with ESA. For space applications, use the M300 Dual FDM printer and a modified version of Z-SUITE to 3D print structures made of shape memory polymers and electrically conductive materials.

4D Printing Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Industry Value Chain

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.3.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitutes

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry

    4. 4.4 Market Drivers

      1. 4.4.1 Increase in Demand for Industry 4.0 and Emergence of Industry 5.0

    5. 4.5 Market Challenges

      1. 4.5.1 High Development Cost and Lack of Skilled Professional

    6. 4.6 Patent Analysis

    7. 4.7 Assessment of the Impact of COVID-19 on the Market


    1. 5.1 Type of Programmable Material

      1. 5.1.1 Programmable Carbon Fiber

      2. 5.1.2 Programmable Textiles

      3. 5.1.3 Programmable Bio material

      4. 5.1.4 Programmable Wood

    2. 5.2 End User

      1. 5.2.1 Medical

      2. 5.2.2 Aerospace and Defense

      3. 5.2.3 Automotive

      4. 5.2.4 Other End Users

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 Rest of the World


    1. 6.1 Company Profiles

      1. 6.1.1 Autodesk Inc.

      2. 6.1.2 Stratasys Ltd

      3. 6.1.3 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company

      4. 6.1.4 CT CoreTechnologie Group

      5. 6.1.5 EnvisionTEC, Inc.

      6. 6.1.6 Organovo Holdings Inc.

      7. 6.1.7 Materialise NV

      8. 6.1.8 Dassault Systemes SA

      9. 6.1.9 The ExOne Company

    2. *List Not Exhaustive
    3. 6.2 Major Initiatives by Research Agencies



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4D Printing Industry Segmentation

4D printing is an additive manufacturing technology that allows nanoscale manipulation and programming during production to create products designed to adapt to their environment ultimately. The printed object can change shape due to many factors, such as air, heat, pressure, and magnetism.

The market is segmented by type of programmable material (programmable carbon fiber, programmable textiles, programmable bio-material, programmable wood), end-user industry (medical, aerospace, and defense, automotive, other end users [construction, clothing]), and geography (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa). The market sizes and forecasts are provided in terms of value (USD) for all the above segments.

Type of Programmable Material
Programmable Carbon Fiber
Programmable Textiles
Programmable Bio material
Programmable Wood
End User
Aerospace and Defense
Other End Users
North America
Rest of the World
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4D Printing Market Research FAQs

The 4D Printing Market size is expected to reach USD 0.45 billion in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 44.75% to reach USD 2.85 billion by 2029.

In 2024, the 4D Printing Market size is expected to reach USD 0.45 billion.

Autodesk Inc., Stratasys Ltd, Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company, CT CoreTechnologie Group and EnvisionTEC, Inc. are the major companies operating in the 4D Printing Market.

Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the North America accounts for the largest market share in 4D Printing Market.

In 2023, the 4D Printing Market size was estimated at USD 0.25 billion. The report covers the 4D Printing Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the 4D Printing Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

4D Printing Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 4D Printing market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. 4D Printing analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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4D Printing Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)