Vietnam Power Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

The Vietnam Power Market is Segmented by Generation Source (Thermal, Hydro, Renewable, and Other Generation Sources) and Transmission & Distribution. The report offers the market size and forecasts in revenue (USD Billion) for all the above segments.

Vietnam Power Market Size

Vietnam Power Market Summary
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Study Period 2019 - 2028
Base Year For Estimation 2022
Forecast Data Period 2023 - 2028
Historical Data Period 2018 - 2021
CAGR > 5.00 %
Market Concentration Medium

Major Players

Vietnam Power Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Vietnam Power Market Analysis

The Vietnamese power market is expected to record a CAGR of more than 5% during the forecast period.

The market was negatively impacted by COVID-19 in 2020. Presently the market has now reached pre-pandemic levels.

  • Over the medium term, in Vietnam, the power market is undergoing significant transformation owing to the efforts taken by the government to improve electricity access in the country, along with its plans to increase the share of renewables in the country's power generation mix, these factors aid in driving the market growth.
  • On the other hand, huge investments are required to set up and modernize power generation, transmission, or distribution networks, and weak private sector investments are restraining the power market in Vietnam.
  • Nevertheless, Vietnam has some of the most significant wind resources, creating enormous opportunities to exploit wind energy for power generation. The factors above clubbed with foreign investment and extensive R&D projects, offer an opportunity to grow the power market in Vietnam.

Vietnam Power Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Vietnam Power Market according to our research experts:

Thermal Power Generation Sector to Dominate the Market

  • Power generation uses a variety of sources ranging from fossil fuels like coal and oil to renewable sources like wind and solar. The country's energy mix for electricity generation is dominated by fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas, constituting almost 65% of the global energy mix.
  • In 2021, more than 46% of electricity in Vietnam was generated through coal power sources, with 114.1 TWh of power generation. Natural gas will account for around 11% of the energy mix in 2021.
  • The power generation mix is heavily skewed toward coal, with a significant contribution because of cheaper domestic fuel availability. Its share in the mix has increased due to constraints in adding other conventional generation sources like hydro, nuclear, and natural gas.
  • Further, Vietnam is dependent on coal power plants, and in the past decade, the country heavily invested in coal power plants to meet the country's power demand. In February 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam (MOIT) released the national power development plan 9 (PDP8), where the country plans to add 37 gigawatts of coal-fired power plants by 2030.
  • As of 2022, the Quang Trach 1 Coal-fired Power Plant is under construction in Vietnam with a capacity of 1.2 gigawatts, and the estimated plant investment is USD 1.2 billion. The project is expected to be commissioned by 2025 and generate up to 8.4 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually.
  • Owing to these factors, thermal power generation is expected to dominate the market studied during the forecast period.
Vietnam Power Market: Power Generation, By Source, in in TWh, Vietnam, 2021

Government Initiatives Expected to Drive the Market

  • Government policies and support for electricity generation and the increase in investments in electricity transmission are expected to drive the Vietnamese power market during the forecast period.
  • Vietnam has adequate power generation capacity, but some proportion of the population has limited access to electricity because of a lack of proper grid network and infrastructure. To ensure the supply of reliable electricity for all, the demand for transmission networks is growing. Thus, investments have been made to increase the transmission network in Vietnam.
  • As per Vietnam's Eighth Electricity Plan Draft, it is estimated that during the 2021-2030 period, Vietnam needs to build additional 500 kV substations with a total capacity of 86 GVA and approximately 13,000 kilometers of transmission lines.
  • Additionally, According to Power Development Plan 8, Vietnam's electricity capacity is expected to increase by an annual average of 5.7% between 2021 and 2030, reaching 129.5 GW by 2030. Also, USD 148 billion worth of investments are planned to increase power generation and develop the electricity network, of which 74% will be directed to power sources and 26% to grid development for 2021-2030.
  • In recent years, the Vietnamese government has also funded various transmission projects to ensure a reliable electricity supply in multiple locations. Vietnam's Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), under its draft PDP8, estimated the need for USD 32.9 billion to develop its power grids between 2021-2030. The plan proposes expanding a 500 kV transmission system to transmit power from power source centers in the central and southern regions to larger load centers in the Red River Delta and Ho Chi Minh City.
  • In 2021, Vietnam generated 244.8 Terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity, up from 175.7 Terawatt-hours (TWh) in 2016. The power generation capacity is expected to increase from conventional and renewable sources over the coming years. The country has made significant strides in improving access to power among communes and rural communities through various government-led schemes.
  • In addition, the country is focusing on renewable energy in order to achieve net zero carbon emission and reduce reliance on coal imports, and under the PDP8 the country plans to construct 19-20 gigawatt of solar energy and 18-19 gigawatt of wind energy. For example, in 2022, Vietnam's government authorities approved the construction of two floating solar projects on the Khe Go and Vuc Mau lakes with a total capacity of 450 MW. Both are expected to be commissioned by the end of December 2023 and is estimated to cost USD 340 billion.
  • Therefore, government support and policies to ensure power distribution and allocation of investments to develop transmission lines and towers to cater to consumers are expected to drive the power market in Vietnam during the forecast period.
Vietnam Power Market: Electricity Generation, in T \Nh, Vietnam, 2016-2021

Vietnam Power Industry Overview

The Vietnamese power market is moderately consolidated. Some key players in this market (not in particular order) include Vietnam Electricity, Jera Co. Inc., AES Mong Duong Power Company Limited, General Electric, and Mekong Energy Company Ltd, among others.

Vietnam Power Market Leaders

  1. Vietnam Electricity

  2. General Electric

  3. AES Mong Duong Power Company Limited

  4. Mekong Energy Company Ltd

  5. Jera Co Inc.

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Vietnam Power Market Concentration

Vietnam Power Market News

  • In December 2022, the Toyo Ink and Song Hau 2 Power Company signed an engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contract with the Sunway-PECC2 Consortium for the Song Hau 2 thermal power plant project in Vietnam. The contract is worth USD 2.2 billion, and the EPC agreement can be terminated if the contract is not executed in six months.
  • In September 2022, ANDRITZ announced receiving an order from Vietnam Electricity (EVN) to supply electro-mechanical equipment and technical services for Vietnam's laly hydropower plant extension project. With the expansion, the total capacity would become 1080 MW.
  • In March 2022, PetroVietnam Power awarded a contract worth USD 940 million to a consortium of Samsung C&T Corp and Lilama Corp to construct an LNG-fired power plant. Under the EPC contract, the consortium will build the Nhon Trach 3 and 4 plants with a combined capacity of 1,500 MW in Dong Nai.

Vietnam Power Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Market Size and Demand in USD billion, till 2028

    3. 4.3 Recent Trends and Developments

    4. 4.4 Government Policies and Regulations

    5. 4.5 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.5.1 Drivers

      2. 4.5.2 Restraints

    6. 4.6 Supply Chain Analysis

    7. 4.7 PESTLE Analysis


    1. 5.1 Generation Source

      1. 5.1.1 Thermal

      2. 5.1.2 Hydro

      3. 5.1.3 Renewable

      4. 5.1.4 Other Generation Sources

    2. 5.2 Transmission and Distribution


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Vietnam Electricity

      2. 6.3.2 Jera Co. Inc.

      3. 6.3.3 AES Mong Duong Power Company Limited

      4. 6.3.4 General Electric

      5. 6.3.5 Mekong Energy Company Ltd

      6. 6.3.6 Vietnam Sunergy Joint Stock Company

      7. 6.3.7 Sharp Energy Solutions Corporation

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability

Vietnam Power Industry Segmentation

Power generation is generated through various primary sources such as coal, hydro, solar, thermal, etc. In utilities, it's a step before its delivery to end users. The process is followed by transmission and distribution. Under this, the power generated is distributed via high-voltage lines (transmission lines) and low-voltage lines (distribution lines) as per the requirement of the end user.

The Vietnam power market is segmented by power generation and transmission & distribution. By power generation, the market is segmented into thermal, hydro, renewables, and other generation sources. For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts have been done based on revenue (USD billion).

Generation Source
Other Generation Sources

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Vietnam Power Market Research FAQs

The Vietnam Power Market is projected to register a CAGR of greater than 5% during the forecast period (2023-2028).

Vietnam Electricity, General Electric, AES Mong Duong Power Company Limited, Mekong Energy Company Ltd and Jera Co Inc. are the major companies operating in the Vietnam Power Market.

Vietnam Power Industry Report

Statistics for the 2023 Vietnam Power market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Vietnam Power analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2028 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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