Sulfur Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Sulfur Market is segmented by Form (Solid and Liquid), Technology (Granules, Pastilles, and Prilling), End-user Industry (Fertilizer, Chemical Processing, Metal Manufacturing, Rubber Processing, and Other End-user Industries), and Geography (Asia-Pacific, North America, Europe, South America, and Middle-East and Africa). The report offers market size and forecasts for the sulfur market in volume (million metric tons) for all the above segments.

Sulfur Market Size

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Sulfur Market Summary
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Study Period 2019 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
CAGR 4.73 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
Largest Market Asia Pacific
Market Concentration Low

Major Players

Sulfur Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Sulfur Market Analysis

The sulfur market is expected to grow from 77.30 million metric tons in 2023 to 97.41 million metric tons by 2028, at a CAGR of 4.73% during the forecast period.

Due to COVID-19, there has been a disruption in the supply of sulfur and a decline in the demand from multiple end-user industries, such as metal manufacturing and chemical processing. Moreover, the COVID-19 outbreak has completely disrupted the manufacturing and supply chains of fertilizers, which may hamper the market in the short term. However, the condition is expected to recover, which will restore the growth trajectory of the market studied during the latter half of the forecast period.

  • Over the short term, major factors driving the growth of the sulfur market are the rising demand from the fertilizer manufacturing sector and the increasing usage of sulfur for the vulcanization of rubber.
  • On the flip side, stringent environmental regulations regarding emissions are expected to hinder the market's growth.
  • Usage of sulfur in cement polymer concrete is expected to act as an opportunity in the future.
  • Asia-Pacific dominated the global market, with the largest consumption in terms of volume and value. The market is expected to witness substantial growth during the forecast period.

Sulfur Market Trends

Rising Demand from the Fertilizer Manufacturing Sector

  • Sulfur, being economical, is widely consumed in producing fertilizers such as calcium sulfate, which is well-known fertilizer for preventing nutrient runoff and soil erosion. It can kill insects, fungi, mites, and rodents. Therefore, sulfur has been registered for use in pesticides and fertilizers in the United States since the 1920s.
  • Sulfur fertilizers are organic or synthetic ingredients put into the soil or plants, boosting growth and production by delivering critical plant nutrients. It is also used for increasing agricultural output, supplying extra nutrients to plants, and boosting plant development by improving soil fertility or replacing chemical components removed from the soil by previous crops.
  • Moreover, sulfur fertilizer is considered a fourth macronutrient along with phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium in the agriculture industry. Also, it has various functions in plants. Some of these significant roles are the synthesis of proteins and chlorophyll formation.
  • According to the International Fertilizer Association, after declining by 2% in FY 2021 and 5% in FY 2022, a 3% recovery in global fertilizer consumption in FY 2023 to 194 Mt of nutrients (+5.9 Mt) is forecasted, returning consumption to just above the FY 2019 level.
  • Also, the environmental policies related to fertilizer use, capacity expansions, extreme weather conditions, and geopolitical tensions have severely impacted fertilizer prices worldwide. However, fertilizer production in the Middle East is expected to hit 50 million tons by 2035.
  • For instance, in September 2022, Nouryon, a Netherlands-based specialty chemicals company, acquired ADOB Fertilizers. This acquisition created an opportunity for ADOB to leverage a large global organization to advance to the next stage of global growth.
  • Apart from that, various government initiatives for increasing fertilizer production in Asia-Pacific are driving the demand for sulfur.
  • For instance, according to the Indonesian Fertilizer Producers Association (APPI), in February 2023, the government is in the process of fully launching the Pusri 3B fertilizer factory project that will replace the Pusri 3 and 4 fertilizer plants. This new project will be completed by 2030 and will have 16.87 million tons of fertilizer production capacity as compared to the current, which is 13.97 million tons.
  • Therefore, considering the growth trends and production of fertilizers in different regions worldwide, the fertilizer industry is likely to dominate the market, which, in turn, is expected to enhance the demand for sulfur during the forecast period.
Sulfur Market: Leading Fertilizer Exporting Countries Worldwide, USD Billion, Global, 2022

Asia-Pacific to Dominate the Market

  • Asia-Pacific dominated the market due to the growing demand for sulfur in fertilizer and rubber processing from countries such as China and India.
  • China is the leading global producer of sulfur in all forms. China is the world's leading producer of pyrites (source), which account for more than 50% of sulfur in all forms. The country is the leading sulfur importer, representing about 35% of the global imports, the bulk of which is used to manufacture sulfuric acid.
  • Fertilizer production consumes about two-thirds of the sulfuric acid used in China. In the fertilizer industry, secondary fertilizers include calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. Yara China Limited and Nutrien Ltd are some of the companies that offer products related to secondary fertilizers.
  • As per the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the production of sulfuric acid reached record highs in 2022 (consecutively rising for the third year) at 95.05 million metric tons, registering a growth of 1.3% from the output achieved in 2021.
  • In terms of production,India produced 320.76 lakh metric tons of fertilizers during April-mid December of FY 2022-23, which contributed to a comfortable availability of fertilizers per the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. Fertilizer production has been gaining traction in the country due to favorable government policies. For instance, the subsidy outgo on P&K fertilizers in the country during 2022-23 rounded to INR 556.48 billion (USD 6.78 billion).
  • India is one of the largest producers and consumers of rubber after China in the Asia-Pacific region. Despite being one of the largest rubber producers, the country imports a noticeable portion of the rubber from various countries to meet the local demand. India has about 6000 manufacturing units comprising 30 large-scale manufacturing units, 300 medium manufacturing scale, and around 5,600 small-scale and tiny sector manufacturing units. All these units manufacture more than 35,000 rubber products in the country, thus generating a substantial demand for sulfur
  • About one-third of total global rubber consumption is natural rubber produced in plantations in Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Thailand is one of the largest producers and exporters of natural rubber globally.
  • The aforementioned factors are contributing to the increasing demand for sulfur consumption in the Asia-Pacific region.
Sulfur Market - Growth Rate by Region

Sulfur Industry Overview

The sulfur market is fragmented in nature with several companies operating on both global and regional levels. Some of the major players in the market (Not in any particular order) include China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec), Gazprom International Limited, ADNOC Group, and Shell Plc, among others.

Sulfur Market Leaders

  1. China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation

  2. Abu Dhabi National Oil Company

  3. Gazprom International Limited

  4. ADNOC Group

  5. Shell Plc

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Sulfur Market Concentration
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Sulfur Market News

  • In January 2023, Technip Energies was awarded a contract for the modernization of sulfur recovery equipment at Aramco's Riyadh Refinery as part of its long-term agreement with Aramco. In order to comply with stricter emission regulations for sulfur dioxide and to improve the performance of the existing three sulfur recovery units SRU, this contract covers the installation of three new tail gas treatment units TGT, with a recovery efficiency of more than 99.9%.
  • In April 2023. Valero Energy Corp (VLO.N) initiated the manufacturing on a new coker at its 335,000-barrel-per-day (bpd) Port Arthur, Texas, refinery. The restart of production of the new 55,000bpd coker follows the completion of the overhaul of the 115,000-bpd AVU-147 crude distillation unit. The unit uses hydrogen to remove sulfur from gas oil, gasoline and diesel feedstocks.

Sulfur Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Drivers

      1. 4.1.1 Rising Demand From the Fertilizer Manufacturing Sector

      2. 4.1.2 Increasing Usage of Sulfur for Vulcanization of Rubber

      3. 4.1.3 Expansion of Petroleum Refining Plants

    2. 4.2 Restraints

      1. 4.2.1 Stringent Environmental Regulations Regarding Emissions

      2. 4.2.2 High Cost of Sulfur Mining Process

    3. 4.3 Industry Value Chain Analysis

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.4.5 Degree of Competition

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION (Market Size in Volume)

    1. 5.1 Form

      1. 5.1.1 Solid

      2. 5.1.2 Liquid

    2. 5.2 Technology (Finishing Process)

      1. 5.2.1 Granules

      2. 5.2.2 Pastilles

      3. 5.2.3 Prilling

    3. 5.3 End-User Industry

      1. 5.3.1 Fertilizer

      2. 5.3.2 Chemical Processing

      3. 5.3.3 Metal Manufacturing

      4. 5.3.4 Rubber Processing

      5. 5.3.5 Other End-user Industries

    4. 5.4 Geography

      1. 5.4.1 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. ASEAN Countries

        6. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      2. 5.4.2 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Mexico

      3. 5.4.3 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. Italy

        4. France

        5. Russia

        6. Rest of Europe

      4. 5.4.4 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Argentina

        3. Rest of South America

      5. 5.4.5 Middle-East and Africa

        1. Saudi Arabia

        2. South Africa

        3. Rest of Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Market Share(%)**/ Ranking Analysis

    3. 6.3 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    4. 6.4 Company Profiles

      1. 6.4.1 ADNOC Group

      2. 6.4.2 China Petrochemical Corporation

      3. 6.4.3 Gazprom International Limited

      4. 6.4.4 Marathon Petroleum Company LLC

      5. 6.4.5 Petrovietnam Chemical and Services Corporation (PVCHEM)

      6. 6.4.6 Shell PLC

      7. 6.4.7 Saudi Arabian Oil Co.

      8. 6.4.8 Suncor Energy Inc.

      9. 6.4.9 Tengizchevroil LLP

      10. 6.4.10 Valero Energy Corporation

    5. *List Not Exhaustive

    1. 7.1 Usage of Sulfur in Cement Polymer Concrete

    2. 7.2 Evolution of Sulfur Battery

**Subject to Availability
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Sulfur Industry Segmentation

Sulfur is a multivalent non-metal, abundant, tasteless, and odorless. In its native form, sulfur is a yellow crystalline solid. In nature, it occurs as a pure element or as sulfide and sulfate minerals.

The sulfur market is segmented by form, technology (finishing process), end-user industry, and geography. By form, the market is segmented into solid and liquid. By technology, the market is segmented into granules, pastilles, and prilling. By end-user industry, the market is segmented into fertilizer, chemical processing, metal manufacturing, rubber processing, and other end-user industries. The report also covers the market size and forecasts for the sulfur market in 16 countries across major regions. For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts have been done on the basis of volume (million metric tons).

Technology (Finishing Process)
End-User Industry
Chemical Processing
Metal Manufacturing
Rubber Processing
Other End-user Industries
South Korea
ASEAN Countries
Rest of Asia-Pacific
North America
United States
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South America
Rest of South America
Middle-East and Africa
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
Rest of Middle-East and Africa
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Sulfur Market Research FAQs

The Sulfur Market is projected to register a CAGR of 4.73% during the forecast period (2024-2029)

China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, Gazprom International Limited, ADNOC Group and Shell Plc are the major companies operating in the Sulfur Market.

Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the Asia Pacific accounts for the largest market share in Sulfur Market.

The report covers the Sulfur Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Sulfur Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Sulfur Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Sulfur market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Sulfur analysis includes a market forecast outlook to for 2024 to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Sulfur Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)