The Cambodian seed market is witnessing a growth owing to infrastructure development, like construction of expressway on key routes for transport of goods. The growth is fuelled by changes in government policy, to formalize the commercial rice seed sector of Cambodia, by the dissipation of innovative technologies for producing high-yielding varieties of rice seeds.
The major factors limiting the growth of the Cambodian seed industry include low crop diversification and capital deficit for seed production. The market is driven by factors, such as, favorable government policies like the Cambodia industrial development policy, which aims to increase the net export of agriculture inputs and final product. The development of basic infrastructure like irrigation facility and road construction on key routes that connect the rural parts of the country, will help the development of overall agriculture sector, including the Cambodian seed industry.
Rice is one of the most important staple crops in Cambodia, with around 25% of the total area under its cultivation; this has led to rising exports of the same. There are two types of rice cultivated in Cambodia- Fragrant Rice and White Rice. There are three cultivation methods of rice followed in the country; based on rain-fed upland conditions, rain-fed lowland conditions, and deep water conditions. Adverse climatic conditions, such as prolonged drought in summer and heavy floods, cause a drastic decline in paddy production. However, a move toward organic farming is seen to improve such conditions.
Cassava, most commonly known as tapioca, is Cambodia’s largest agricultural export crop, by capacity, and is the second-largest, by worth. The Cambodian farmers produce two varieties of cassava; bitter and sweet. The bitter type is mainly used as fodder and the sweet type is used for human consumption and export. The cassava export increased with the increase in production of bio-ethanol from cassava in other countries, such as Thailand and Vietnam, the major importers of Cambodian cassava. The biggest problem faced by the Cambodian farmers in cultivating cassava is the production cost, which is higher than the selling price, owing to low quality and high logistic costs.
Major Key Players: Cambodia Agricultural Research & Development Institute (CARDI), Aqip Seed Company, Tuol Samrong Seed Farm, Kbal Koh Vegetable Research Station, Chamkar Leu Seed Farm, among others.
1.1 Market Definition
1.2 Key Findings of the Study
2. Research Scope and Methodology
2.1 Study Deliverables
2.2 Market Segmentation
2.3 Study Assumptions
2.4 Research Methodology
2.5 Research Phases
3. Seed Sector Overview
4. Policies and Regulatory Environment
5. Market Dynamics
5.1.1 Favorable Government Polies
5.1.2 Technological Advancement in Seed Sector
5.1.3 Infrastructure Development Initiatives by Government
5.2.1 Low Crop Diversification
5.2.2 Capital Deficit for Seed Production
5.3 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
5.3.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
5.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
5.3.3 Threat of New Entrants
5.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services
5.3.5 Degree of Competition
6. Key Crops Under Cultivation (Overview, Area Harvested and Production)
6.4 Sesame Seed
6.6 Castor Oil Seed
6.8 Cotton Seed
7. Investment Opportunities
8. Company Profiles
8.1 Cambodia Agricultural Research & Development Institute (Cardi)
8.2 Aqip Seed Company
8.3 Tuol Samrong Seed Farm
8.4 Kbal Koh Vegetable Research Station
8.5 Chamkar Leu Seed Farm