India Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) Technology Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecast (2021 - 2026)

The India Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) Technology Market is Segmented by Equipment Type (Treatment Equipment and Process Control Equipment and Pumps) and End-user Industry (Municipal, Food and Beverage, Pulp and Paper, Oil and Gas, Healthcare, Poultry and Agriculture, Chemical, and Other End-user Industries). The Report Offers Market Size and Forecasts for India Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) Technology in Revenue (USD million) for the Above-mentioned Segments.

Market Snapshot

India Water and Wastewater Treatment WWT Market Bar Graph
Study Period: 2016 - 2026
Base Year: 2020
CAGR: 8.55 %

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Market Overview

The Indian water and wastewater treatment (WWT) technology market was valued at USD 2,042.91 million in 2020, and the market is projected to register a CAGR of 8.55% during the forecast period (2021-2026).

The COVID-19 outbreak has been negatively affecting the economy of India. The pandemic negatively affected the operations of several end-user industries of the market studied, which reduced the outflow of industrial wastewater. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a huge drop in oil demand. The drop in demand resulted in the futures market for oil turning negative. This resulted in the decreased investments and a major scaling back in the drilling activities. As a result, the demand for water treatment technologies in the industry declined.​ In the food and beverage industry, labor shortage and the shutdown of plants reduced the food production levels in 2020. The food and beverages industry accounts for ~3% of India’s GDP, and it is the single largest employer in the country, with more than 7.3 million workforces. Food items other than staple food and ready-to-eat food witnessed a significant decline, owing to the decreased food consumption in restaurants and hotels. These trends negatively impacted the growth of the food industry. Furthermore, in the pulp and paper industry, reduced imports of packaging material by major consumers resulted in a domestic oversupply of pulp and paper products in the manufacturing countries. This oversupply issue is negatively affecting the growth of the industry.

  • In the medium term, the rapidly diminishing freshwater resources and growing wastewater complexities​​​ are likely to drive the demand for water and wastewater treatment technologies in India.​
  • The high cost of water treatment plants and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic are expected to hinder the growth of the market studied.​
  • Innovations in water treatment technologies are anticipated to act as an opportunity for the market studied.

Scope of the Report

The Indian water and wastewater treatment (WWT) technology market is segmented by equipment type and end-user industry. By equipment type, the market is segmented into treatment equipment and process control equipment and pumps. The treatment equipment has been further segmented into oil/water separation, suspended solids removal, dissolved solids removal, biological treatment/nutrient and metals recovery, disinfection/oxidation, and other treatment equipment. By end-user industry, the market is segmented into municipal, food and beverage, pulp and paper, oil and gas, healthcare, poultry and agriculture, chemical, and other end-user industries. For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts have been done on the basis of revenue (in USD million).

Equipment Type
Treatment Equipment
Oil/Water Separation
Suspended Solids Removal
Dissolved Solids Removal
Biological Treatment/Nutrient and Metals Recovery
Other Treatment Equipment
Process Control Equipment and Pumps
End-user Industry
Food and Beverage
Pulp and Paper
Oil and Gas
Poultry and Agriculture
Chemical and Petrochemical
Other End-user Industries

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Key Market Trends

Treatment Equipment to Dominate the Market

  • The oil/water separation equipment is widely used in the oil and gas industry to separate oil and water, followed by the processing of oil to produce downstream products. The oil and water treatment industries are the largest segments that require the usage of gravity separators and hydro cyclones.
  • Suspended solids’ removal is also a primary treatment process for wastewater treatment, where suspended solids and floating materials are effectively removed. Effluent is passed through various stages to remove materials, such as wood pieces, plastic, paper, floating debris, metals, sand, clay, silt, ash, and other organic matter.
  • India is the third-largest producer of coal. Coal production in the country stood at 729.10 million metric ton (MT) in FY20, and it is expected to reach 304.88 MT in FY21. Around 70% of the electricity generated in India comes from coal. Coal production requires plenty of water, and there is a need for extensive wastewater treatment. Clarifiers and filtration disposable equipment are primarily used for the treatment of suspended solids in the mining sector in the country. The COVID-19 pandemic led to disruptions in the mining production rates and expansions in 2020, which affected the adoption of newer equipment for solid treatments.​
  • Total dissolved solids (TDS) are the compounds left in the water after normal treatment and filtration. Drinking water contains hazardous chemicals from different water treatment plants. In such a situation, it is essential to use the proper filtration processes to remove the contaminants and make water safe for consumption.
  • According to Financial Express, by 2030, India’s water demand will exceed supply by two times, indicating severe water scarcity in the country. The average all-India per capita water availability is expected to be 1,341 cubic meters by 2025 and touch a low of 1,140 cubic meters by 2050, close to the official water scarcity threshold. This shortage of water for industrial and residential use is expected to increase the demand for such water treatment systems in the long run.​
  • Moreover, biological treatment is an integral part of the wastewater treatment process. It treats the industry and municipality wastewater, which contains soluble organic impurities. This treatment technology uses organisms to break down the organic substances in wastewater, which includes the usage of nematodes, bacteria, and other small organisms. Biological treatment can be classified into aerobic and anaerobic biological treatment processes.
  • Major end-user industries using anaerobic biological treatment in India include municipal wastewater treatment, food and beverage manufacturing, chemical effluent, and agricultural waste. The growing awareness has been driving the demand for anaerobic biological treatment equipment in India in the recent past.
  • Some oxidation process involves the removal of color from water containing humic substances. In the disinfection process, ozone reacts rapidly with microorganisms and helps in the removal, deactivation, and killing of microorganisms. The disinfection/oxidation technology comprises many processes, such as chlorine-based, ozonation, ultraviolet light, and advanced oxidation processes.
  • Ozone has a wide range of applications due to its powerful reactivity. In the water treatment industry, the applications range from drinking water treatment to the purification of industrial wastewater. The ozone and ultraviolet systems can be applied to all types of swimming pools and industrial water treatment.
  • Due to the above-mentioned factors, treatment equipment is expected to dominate the market studied.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment WWT Market Share

The Municipal Segment to Dominate the Market

  • Wastewater treatment is necessary and used across India in different cities. The major applications of treatment technologies include preliminary treatment, primary and secondary treatment, tertiary treatment, biological nutrient removal (BNR), resource recovery, and energy generation. Municipal wastewater treatment involves a lot of biomass. Therefore, biological treatment is a major step used for the treatment of biowaste.
  • Wastewater technology is primarily used in municipal wastewater treatment by the municipal authority of various cities across India. The constant rise in the urban population in major Indian cities has created the demand for wastewater treatment facilities in the country to balance the population with the availability of freshwater. According to a survey by the United Nations, in 2030, 40.76% of the country's population is expected to reside in urban areas. As per the World Bank, India, along with China, Indonesia, Nigeria, and the United States, will lead the world's urban population surge by 2050.
  • In the coming years, desalination is expected to be a prominent technology in the Indian cities for the filtration of water due to the rising scarcity of fresh water in the country. Desalination is a process through which the salinity of seawater is removed, thereby converting it into potable water. The two main desalination processes are the distillation process and the membrane process. The distillation process includes multi-stage flash evaporation (MSFE), multi-effect distillation (MED), vapor compression (VC), and multi-effect distillation-vapor compression (MED-VC) cover approximately 50% of the total desalination process.​
  • The refined water obtained from the desalination process is further treated using various techniques, and the initiative for the same is taken by the municipal cooperation. The memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed between India and Israel to better water management and development of desalination plants in major cities may help the growth of the studied market in the forecast period.
  • IDE technologies, an Israeli firm, joined hands with the government of Andhra Pradesh to set up desalination plants in various cities in the states to overcome the scarcity of water in the cities.
  • To fulfill the scarcity of water, the Council on Energy, Environment, and Water (CEEW), in association with the 2030 Water Resources Group, has been planning to improve wastewater management in India, along with increasing private investments to build wastewater treatment plants.
  • Moreover, municipal wastewater treatment involves a lot of biomass. Therefore, biological treatment is a major step used for the treatment of biowaste.
  • Over the past few years, the urban sewage capacity in the country has grown significantly. This growing capacity is likely to drive the demand for the application of innovative water treatment technology in the country.
  • Hence, owing to the above-mentioned factors, municipal water and wastewater treatment technologies are likely to dominate the market during the forecast period.
India Water and Wastewater Treatment WWTMarket Growth Rate By Region

Competitive Landscape

The Indian water and wastewater treatment (WWT) technology market is partially consolidated, with the major players accounting for a moderate share of the market. Key players in the market studied include Veolia, Suez, Thermax Limited, VA TECH WABAG LIMITED, and DuPont.

Recent Developments

  • In July 2020, SUEZ announced that it signed an agreement to purchase the Reverse Osmosis (RO) Membrane portfolio from a specialty chemical company, LANXESS. The membrane is likely to become part of the company’s Water Technologies & Solutions product portfolio and further enhance its ability to help customers address water treatment challenges.
  • In December 2019, VA TECH WABAG LIMITED signed an agreement with the government of Bihar to build sustainable wastewater infrastructure in Patna under Namami Gange Program.​
  • In October 2019, DuPont acquired Membrane Business from Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. to expand the company’s water technology business.​

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Drivers

      1. 4.1.1 Rapidly Diminishing Fresh Water Resources​

      2. 4.1.2 Growing Wastewater Complexities​

    2. 4.2 Restraints

      1. 4.2.1 High Cost of Water Treatment Technology

      2. 4.2.2 Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic

    3. 4.3 Industry Value-Chain Analysis

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.4.5 Degree of Competition


    1. 5.1 Equipment Type

      1. 5.1.1 Treatment Equipment

        1. Oil/Water Separation

        2. Suspended Solids Removal

        3. Dissolved Solids Removal

        4. Biological Treatment/Nutrient and Metals Recovery

        5. Disinfection/Oxidation

        6. Other Treatment Equipment

      2. 5.1.2 Process Control Equipment and Pumps

    2. 5.2 End-user Industry

      1. 5.2.1 Municipal

      2. 5.2.2 Food and Beverage

      3. 5.2.3 Pulp and Paper

      4. 5.2.4 Oil and Gas

      5. 5.2.5 Healthcare

      6. 5.2.6 Poultry and Agriculture

      7. 5.2.7 Chemical and Petrochemical

      8. 5.2.8 Other End-user Industries


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Market Ranking Analysis

    3. 6.3 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    4. 6.4 Company Profiles

      1. 6.4.1 Aquatech International LLC

      2. 6.4.2 DuPont

      3. 6.4.3 Evoqua Water Technologies LLC

      4. 6.4.4 Hindustan Dorr-Oliver Ltd

      5. 6.4.5 Hitachi,Ltd

      6. 6.4.6 Mott MacDonald

      7. 6.4.7 Schlumberger Limited

      8. 6.4.8 Siemens Water Solutions

      9. 6.4.9 Suez

      10. 6.4.10 Thermax Limited

      11. 6.4.11 VA TECH WABAG LIMITED

      12. 6.4.12 Veolia

    5. *List Not Exhaustive

    1. 7.1 Innovations in Water Treatment Technologies

**Subject to Availability

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Frequently Asked Questions

The India Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) Technology Market market is studied from 2016 - 2026.

The India Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) Technology Market is growing at a CAGR of 8.55% over the next 5 years.

Veolia, Suez, Thermax Limited, VA TECH WABAG LIMITED, DuPont are the major companies operating in India Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) Technology Market.

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