Hybrid Train Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)

The Hybrid Train Market is segmented by Propulsion (Battery Operated, Electro Diesel, Hydrogen Powered, and Other Propulsion Types (Solar Powered, Gas Powered, etc.)), Application (Passenger and Freight), and Geography.

Market Snapshot

market summary
Study Period: 2018-2027
Base Year: 2021
Fastest Growing Market: Asia Pacific
Largest Market: Asia Pacific
CAGR: 6.23 %

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Market Overview

The hybrid train market is anticipated to register a CAGR of about 6.23% during the forecast period (2020 - 2025).

  • Railway transportation is one of the major transportation modes in any country, for both passengers and cargoes. However, trains have an impact on the environment, as they produce nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, and particulate matter that can contribute to air pollution and cause negative health effects. To reduce the effects of trains on the environment, companies are coming up with innovations, such as hybrid trains.
  • Globally, there is a trend toward greener forms of transport. Supported by new government regulations, the green transportation trend is penetrating into all transportation modes, including railways. Such factors are likely to drive the demand for hybrid trains over the forecast period.
  • However, the high overhaul and maintenance costs can create an obstacle for the growth of the market. Despite the presence of restraining factors, hybrid trains are more environment friendly, based on which the demand for hybrid trains is likely to amplify over the forecast period.

Scope of the Report

The hybrid train market is segmented by propulsion (battery operated, electro diesel, hydrogen powered, and other propulsion types (solar powered, gas powered, etc.)), application (passenger and freight), and geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World).

Battery Operated
Electro Diesel
Hydrogen Powered
Other Propulsion Types (Solar Powered, Gas Powered, etc.)
North America
United States
Rest of North America
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Rest of the World
South America
Middle-East and Africa

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Key Market Trends

Electro Diesel Segment Held the Largest Market Share in 2019

In 2019, the electro diesel segment held the largest share in the market. Electro diesel railway vehicles, also known as dual-mode or bi-mode, are powered either by an electricity supply (like an electric locomotive) or an onboard diesel engine (like a diesel-electric locomotive).

These railway vehicles are used across all regions. However, Asia-Pacific and Europe are identified as the major markets, with several development plans and high deployment units of electro-diesel railway vehicles. Moreover, railway vehicle manufacturers across the world are consistently working on various technologies to further enhance the performance of electro-diesel railway vehicles. For instance:

  • In Poland, during 2018, PKP Cargo, Pesa, and TABOR Institute of Rail Vehicles signed an agreement at InnoTrans to develop an automated electro-diesel locomotive.
  • PKP Cargo and Pesa are expected to create a design based on Pesa’s Gama locomotive platform, which will be verified by TABOR. Following the testing by PKP Cargo, the locomotive is anticipated to be commissioned in 2022.
  • The vehicle is expected to operate with GoA 3. Sensors, cameras, and gyroscopes will be fitted, and the input data will be analyzed using artificial intelligence.
  • In Spain, the European Investment Bank (EIB) approved a loan worth EUR 100 million in 2019 to partly finance the planned procurement, which was valued at EUR 201 million, of 26 electric and 5 electro diesel trainsets for RENFE. The depots at El Berrón and Santander are expected to be modernized as part of the project.
  • In December 2019, CRRC Corporation Limited and the Philippine Secretary of the Department of Transportation signed a contract. According to this contract, the Philippine National Railways (PNR) agreed to purchase three trains from CRRC. The diesel electric multiple unit trains are expected to have a design speed of 120 km/h.

Owing to such aforementioned developments, the electro diesel railway vehicles may replace their diesel counterparts. These electro diesel vehicles have been successfully generating savings in operation and maintenance costs, which may further drive the market growth during the forecast period.

Hybrid Train Market_Prpulsion

Asia-Pacific is Likely to Lead the Hybrid Train Market During the Forecast Period

The hybrid train market is anticipated to be dominated by Asia-Pacific, due to several ongoing projects to launch the hybrid trains in the region. Asia-Pacific is also one of the biggest markets for the rail industry, and the demand for greener trains is growing in the region. The Asia Pacific comprises emerging economies, such as China and India, along with developed economies, such as Japan. The implementation of new technologies and the establishment of new government regulations are driving this market in this region.

Over the past decade, China experienced large-scale and rapid urban rail transit development. Urban rail transit in China has been developing toward networked structures, intellectualized equipment, diversified systems, and innovative technologies in recent years. The trend is shifting toward the adoption of large-capacity subways in the central areas of super cities and megacities, with the adoption of the medium-capacity monorail, inner-city rapid rail transit systems, and magnetic suspension trains, between central urban areas and remote towns.

In India, the focus on the adoption of hybrid trains is growing at a rapid pace, owing to the following instances:

  • Indian Railways fitted solar panels on the rooftop of Diesel Electric Multiple Unit (DEMU) trains with a capacity of 4.5 kilowatt to cater to hotel load.
  • Additionally, the blending of high-speed diesel with 5% biodiesel for railway locomotives has started. These railway vehicles have also started pilot projects, involving running DEMU trains with compressed natural gas (CNG) over 18 trains.

Such developments are expected to bolster the market prospects for the hybrid train market in the region during the forecast period.

Hybrid Train Market_Geography

Competitive Landscape

The hybrid train market is a highly consolidated market, with dominant players, like CRRC Corporation Limited, Bombardier Inc., Alstom SA, Siemens, and Hitachi. The major players in the market are making strategies to expand their market shares through acquisitions of leading players in the market. For instance, Alstom’s acquisition of Bombardier, which has commenced in 2020, is likely to add to earnings per share within two years and generate as much as EUR 400 million in annual savings for Alstom within five years. CRRC Corporation Limited captured a large chunk of the market share in 2019, owing to its wider market presence, not only in China but across other international regions. Europe has been its major market abroad, followed by Asia, Africa, and the Americas. As of 2019, CRRC had acquired about 50 orders from more than 20 countries and regions, such as Singapore, Malaysia, Turkey, and South Africa, covering locomotives, metro and light rail trains, electric multiple units, and engineering maintenance vehicles for subways.

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Drivers

    2. 4.2 Market Challenges

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.3.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry

    4. 4.4 Impact of COVID-19 on the Market


    1. 5.1 Propulsion

      1. 5.1.1 Battery Operated

      2. 5.1.2 Electro Diesel

      3. 5.1.3 Hydrogen Powered

      4. 5.1.4 Other Propulsion Types (Solar Powered, Gas Powered, etc.)

    2. 5.2 Application

      1. 5.2.1 Passenger

      2. 5.2.2 Freight

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Rest of North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. France

        3. United Kingdom

        4. Spain

        5. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. Australia

        5. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 Rest of the World

        1. South America

        2. Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles

      1. 6.2.1 CRRC Corporation Limited

      2. 6.2.2 Bombardier Inc.

      3. 6.2.3 Alstom SA

      4. 6.2.4 Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd

      5. 6.2.5 Siemens AG

      6. 6.2.6 Wabtec Corporation

      7. 6.2.7 Hyundai Rotem

      8. 6.2.8 Hitachi Ltd

      9. 6.2.9 Construcciones Y Auxiliar De Ferrocarriles (CAF)


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Frequently Asked Questions

The Hybrid Train Market market is studied from 2018 - 2026.

The Hybrid Train Market is growing at a CAGR of 6.23% over the next 5 years.

Asia Pacific is growing at the highest CAGR over 2021- 2026.

Asia Pacific holds highest share in 2020.

CRRC, Bombardier Inc., Alstom SA, Siemens AG, Hitachi Ltd. are the major companies operating in Hybrid Train Market.

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