Pseudo-Satellite Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

Global High Altitude Long Endurance (Pseudo Satellite) Market is Segmented by Technology (Stratospheric Balloons, Airships, and UAVs) and Geography.

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market Size

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High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market Summary
Study Period 2019 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
CAGR 12.44 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
Largest Market North America
Market Concentration Low

Major Players

High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market Analysis

The High-altitude Pseudo Satellites Market is valued at USD 0.76 billion in 2023 and is anticipated to reach USD 1.37 billion by 2028, registering a CAGR of 12.44% during the forecast period.

HAPS incorporates the best aspects of terrestrial and satellite-based communication systems. They eliminate the capacity and performance limitations of satellites by efficiently delivering voice, video, and broadband services at much more economical pricing vs. performance margins than conventional geostationary satellites. Hence, they are being increasingly adopted by telecommunication service providers to satiate the demand for high-capacity wireless services, especially last-mile delivery in remote areas with limited ground-based network coverage.

Though HAPS are more economical to manufacture and operate, the endurance of such platforms limits their effectiveness. In the case of HAPS platforms, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), an electric propulsion system is integrated to enhance the endurance of the platform. It resulted in significant R&D investments towards the development of powerful battery systems and high-charge density solar panels to enhance the endurance of HAPS platforms, thereby making it more feasible for adoption by telecom and emergency service provider end-users.

HAPS operates at the stratospheric layer of the Earth's atmosphere, where the air density is around 7% compared to that at sea level. Hence, airborne systems face several operational challenges. For instance, since the lift generated is a direct function of air density, such platforms may also require a larger wing area (in the case of a fixed-wing UAV) or volume (in the case of an airship or balloon) to achieve sustained flight. To ensure compliance with the design's weight specifications, system designers must incorporate relatively advanced and lightweight materials for achieving weight optimization. For instance, Google is experimenting with a variety of materials for Project Loon. They envisioned using a combination of metalized mylar, Biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate (BoPET), and highly flexible chloroprene for the Loon stratospheric balloon project. Similarly, Facebook used T700 carbon fiber for the construction of the prototype for Aquila. Ongoing development of HAPS models is also envisioned to foster the R&D towards lightweight materials during the forecast period.

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market Trends

Airships Segment to Hold Largest Market Share in 2023

The airship segment is expected to contribute the largest market share in 2023. HAPS are effective tools for communication and surveillance as they operate from the Stratosphere, which is 20 km above the Earth's surface. HAPS uses the flexibility of airships with satellite endurance in missions. There are challenges to relying on unmanned balloons to provide such services, for instance, weather and limited onboard energy sources. Airships are preferred more over other platforms due to their capability to lift and power more payload. Airships can cover large areas quickly and effectively, including hard-to-reach locations. Other benefits of airships are low cost, flexibility, and ease of deployment. Airships are customized to carry specialized payloads such as communication equipment, sensors, and cameras. For instance, in August 2021, Sceye (US) completed a third test of the airship platform flight successfully in three months. The primary objectives of the airship test were to check beyond-line-of-sight command, attitude and automated pressure control, and reliable launch and ascent. Sceye airship can fly to 65,000 ft and is powered by solar energy.

Similarly, in March 2023, Thales received a USD 46 million contract for the EuroHAPS High-Altitude Platform Systems project. The project aims to design a stratospheric platform for a European consortium of eleven countries. Thales will provide the solar-powered airship Stratobus, which is a long-endurance, large-payload mission airship. The primary partners of EuroHAPS are CIRA (Italy), Elettronica (Italy), Leonardo (Italy), ONERA (France), CEA (France), INTA (Spain), ESG (Germany), and TAO(Germany).

High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market - Active Satellites, (in Units), 2012-2022

Asia-Pacific Region to Lead the Market in the Forecast Period

The adoption of HAPS is significantly high in developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region due to the absence of critical infrastructure to ensure telecommunication services in remote locations. HAPS platforms are instrumental in search and rescue (SAR) missions, disaster relief, environmental monitoring, and precision agriculture. Several governments in Asia-Pacific, such as India, permitted the pre-deployment testing of HAPS to critically analyze the feasibility of such systems in the countries. HAPS also efficiently delivers cost-effective broadband services and is viable as a suitable alternative infrastructure for the long-term provision of broadband access to fixed or mobile users. For instance, stratospheric balloons can stay afloat over their destined region for long periods of about 3-5 years and provide coverage over an area of around 500 km2. For instance, in March 2023, the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) launched India's first High Altitude Platform (HAP). High Altitude Platform includes a lot of applications, especially in communication like wireless access and emergency communication. The device can also help security agencies to keep a tight vigil at borders and prevent infiltrations and smuggling. The local administration can also use the device to check pollution and take stock of development activities in the area. The scientific agency informed that the full-fledged version of HAP will be ready in around three years.

Similarly, in January 2022, Sky Perfect JSAT, NTT, DOCOMO, and Airbus partnered to study and explore HAPS-based connectivity services as part of a space-based wireless connectivity ecosystem. NTT and SKY Perfect JSAT also partnered in the outer space ICT infrastructure project and developed a space-integrated computing network. Thus, the R&D efforts of the market players, coupled with favorable adoption trends in different Asian countries, are anticipated to drive the adoption of HAPS in the Asia-Pacific region in the forecast period.

High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market - High-altitude Pseudo Satellites Market - Growth Rate by Region (2023 - 2028)

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Industry Overview

The high-altitude pseudo-satellites market is moderately consolidated and highly competitive, with players competing to gain the largest market share. Spectrum management challenges, endurance limitations of HAPS, and the cancellation of ongoing projects are envisioned to impede the growth of the market. Market players compete based on their in-house manufacturing capabilities, global footprint network, product offerings, R&D investments, and strong client base. AeroVironment, Inc., Airbus SE, Ball Corporation, Prismatic (BAE Systems plc), and THALES are the five major market players. They compete based on technological offerings and integration capabilities at a given price point. An increase in the high-altitude platform procurement rate is expected to fuel the market growth during the forecast period, thereby making it an ideal time to launch new products. Since the threat of new entrants is moderate, the competitive environment in the market is likely to intensify further due to an increase in product/service extensions and technological innovations. For instance, in February 2022, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) (India) inked a deal with aerospace startup NewSpace for the development of a High-Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS). The initiative is part of the MoD's Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) program. Backed by the Indian Army, the initiative will also see Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) come on board as the lead prototype development partner.

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market Leaders

  1. AeroVironment, Inc.

  2. Prismatic (BAE Systems plc)

  3. Ball Corporation


  5. Airbus SE

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market Concentration
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High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market News

  • July 2023: BAE Systems plc successfully launched its High-Altitude Pseudo-Satellite (HAPS) Uncrewed Aerial System (UAS) PHASA-35 solar-powered drone into the stratosphere, reaching an altitude of over 66,000 ft (20,000 m). The US Army Space and Missile Defense Command Technical Center sponsored the recent test. PHASA-35 aims to create an uncrewed aircraft that can remain aloft for a year at a time, circling over a wide area above the weather and air traffic where it can act as a pseudo-satellite.
  • July 2023: Mira Aerospace completed a test flight of its new high altitude pseudo satellite (HAPS) platform. During the 10-and-a-half-hour test flight with a 3.6 kg payload, the ApusDuo UAS reached altitudes of 16,686 m. The ApsDuo HAPS includes a wingspan of 15 m (49.2 ft) and a maximum take-off weight of 95 lb (43 kg).

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

    4. 4.4 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Technology

      1. 5.1.1 Stratospheric Balloons

      2. 5.1.2 Airships

      3. 5.1.3 UAVs

    2. 5.2 Geography

      1. 5.2.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

      2. 5.2.2 Europe

        1. United Kingdom

        2. France

        3. Germany

        4. Italy

        5. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.2.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. Rest of Asia Pacific

      4. 5.2.4 Latin America

        1. Brazil

        2. Mexico

      5. 5.2.5 Middle East & Africa

        1. Saudi Arabia

        2. United Arab Emirates

        3. Turkey

        4. South Africa

        5. Rest of Middle East & Africa


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles

      1. 6.2.1 AeroVironment, Inc.

      2. 6.2.2 Airbus SE

      3. 6.2.3 RosAeroSystems

      4. 6.2.4 Prismatic (BAE Systems plc)

      5. 6.2.5 THALES

      6. 6.2.6 Ball Corporation

      7. 6.2.7 Northrop Grumman Corporation

      8. 6.2.8 Hawkeye Systems, Inc.

      9. 6.2.9 Parrot Drone SAS


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High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Industry Segmentation

HAPS are potential substitutes for conventional satellites, and once deployed, these aerial platforms generally hover at stratospheric altitudes, ranging between 10 miles and 30 miles above sea level. HAPS are geostationary. Hence, their effectiveness in providing services is localized. The market study is based on the ongoing R&D of the various types of HAPS platforms. The study also takes into account the production of HAPS by the market players and considers the instances of deployment during the considered timeline. Market estimates do not include the sales and replacement of individual components of a HAPS system.

The High-altitude Pseudo Satellites Market is segmented by technology and geography. The High-altitude Pseudo Satellites Market is segmented by technology type into stratospheric balloons, airships, and UAVs. By geography, the market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa. The market sizing and forecasts for all the segments are provided in value (USD).

Stratospheric Balloons
North America
United States
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Korea
Rest of Asia Pacific
Latin America
Middle East & Africa
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
South Africa
Rest of Middle East & Africa
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High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) Market Research FAQs

The High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market is projected to register a CAGR of 12.44% during the forecast period (2024-2029)

AeroVironment, Inc., Prismatic (BAE Systems plc), Ball Corporation, THALES and Airbus SE are the major companies operating in the High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market.

Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the North America accounts for the largest market share in High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market.

The report covers the High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the High Altitude Pseudo Satellites Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Pseudo-Satellite Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Pseudo-Satellite market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Pseudo-Satellite analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Pseudo-Satellite Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)