Therapeutic Vaccine Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Therapeutic Vaccine Market is Segmented by Products (Autoimmune Disease Vaccines, Neurological Disease Vaccines, Cancer Vaccines, Infectious Disease Vaccines, and Other Products), Technology (Allogeneic Vaccine and Autologous Vaccine), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa, South America). The report offers the value (in USD million) for the above segments.

Therapeutic Vaccines Market Size

Therapeutic Vaccine Market Summary
Study Period 2019 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
CAGR 12.63 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia-Pacific
Largest Market North America
Market Concentration Low

Major Players

Therapeutic Vaccine Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Therapeutic Vaccines Market Analysis

The therapeutic vaccine market is expected to register a CAGR of 12.63% over the forecast period.

While the sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic impacted most of the business sectors negatively, the therapeutic vaccine market showed significant growth in the years 2020 and 2021. The studied market is still booming with the detection of new COVID-19 variants. The increase in demand for the development of new vaccines to control the spread of the coronavirus disease has driven the studied market's growth. The demand for therapeutic vaccines increased during the pandemic, as did the investments from governments and business players across the world. For instance, in April 2021, Moderna and Samsung Biologics entered into a Manufacturing Services and Supply Agreement in which Samsung Biologics in South Korea will provide large-scale, commercial fill-finish manufacturing for the COVID-19 vaccine that Moderna intends to supply markets outside of the United States. Further, as per a press release by the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in October 2021, a new ACT-Accelerator strategy was planned, which called for a USD 23.4 billion international investment to address disparities in the availability of COVID-19 diagnostics, vaccinations, and therapies worldwide. These investments during the pandemic were anticipated to impact the therapeutic vaccine development for COVID-19. As a result, the COVID-19 pandemic initially had a positive impact on the market; however, as the pandemic has subsided, the market has lost some traction; however, it is expected to grow steadily during the study's forecast period.

Factors such as the rise in research and development (R&D) expenditures by major players, soaring government funding for the development of vaccines, and the rising prevalence of various diseases are expected to fuel the growth of the market. For instance, in February 2021, the Indian government provided funds amounting to USD 365 million (INR 26.7 billion) to the Department of Health Research. This fund was provided to develop four new national virology institutes, nine new high-containment laboratories for studies on highly infectious pathogens, and one national institution. Such initiatives in developing countries are anticipated to drive market growth.

Furthermore, an increase in research and development (R&D) activities, collaborations, strategic partnerships, product approvals, and launches has generated market growth over the analysis period. For instance, in August 2022, researchers at the School of Pharmacy at Queen's University Belfast in Northern Ireland received funding from Breast Cancer Now to search for new treatments. The research team will be engaged in developing new treatments for an aggressive form of breast cancer. In this case, Niamh Buckley and Helen McCarthy from the School of Pharmacy secured a GBP 228,900 (USD 278,168) grant from Breast Cancer Now to tackle protein p53, found at very high levels in around 90% of triple-negative breast cancer tumors. Additionally, in August 2022, Merck (known as MSD outside the United States and Canada) and Orna Therapeutics, a biotechnology company, signed a collaboration agreement to discover, develop, and commercialize multiple programs, along with vaccines and therapeutics, in the areas of infectious disease and oncology. Orna will receive an upfront payment of USD 150 million from Merck under this collaboration agreement. Hence, these funds and investments are anticipated to generate demand for therapeutic vaccines as well. This is projected to fuel the market's growth.

Therefore, owing to the aforesaid factors, the studied market is anticipated to witness growth. However, strict legal requirements and frameworks and the high price associated with therapeutic vaccine development are likely to hinder the market's growth.

Therapeutic Vaccines Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Therapeutic Vaccines Market according to our research experts:

Cancer Vaccines Segment is Expected to Witness Growth Over the Forecast Period

Cancer vaccines are a form of immunotherapy that help educate the immune system about what cancer cells "look like" so that it can recognize and eliminate them. Owing to increasing cancer cases, an increase in clinical trials for therapeutic cancer vaccines, and research expenditure by companies and government funding, the cancer vaccines segment is expected to witness significant growth over the forecast period. For instance, as per the research published by the European Journal of Cancer in January 2022, a total of 44 ongoing (i.e., active, not recruiting, recruiting, and not yet recruiting) clinical trials were investigating therapeutic cancer vaccines in breast cancer as of June 23, 2021. Then, overall, 30 (68.2%) clinical trials enrolled patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), 21 (47.7%) clinical trials were open to patients with HER2-positive breast cancer, and only 15 (34.1%) trials had HR-positive breast cancer as inclusion criteria. Thus, these clinical trials show the engagement of research institutions as well as major pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical players in the development of cancer therapeutic vaccines. Therefore, it is expected to contribute to the market's growth over the forecast period.

The major companies in the market are prioritizing product development and innovation to bring therapeutic vaccines to the market. For instance, in September 2022, the Central Government of India launched the country's first vaccine against cervical cancer, the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (qHPV), which has been developed by the Serum Institute of India (SII) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT). As per the government, "CERVAVAC" is an outcome of a partnership between DBT and the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), supported by the Serum Institute for indigenous development. In addition to that, in March 2021, the European Commission awarded eTheRNA immunotherapies NV (eTheRNA), a clinical-stage company, a TIGER grant for USD 7.33 million (EUR 6.9 million). The grant was used to speed the development of a unique and potentially therapeutic mRNA cancer vaccine for treating recurrent or metastatic Human Papillomavirus strain 16 positive (HPV16+) cancers such as head and neck cancer, cervical cancer, and anogenital cancer, led by the company. Hence, these increasing mRNA vaccine and therapeutic developments and clinical trials for several cancers are anticipated to grow, thereby driving the segment's growth.

Therefore, owing to the factors mentioned above, the cancer vaccine segment is poised to witness growth over the forecast period.

Therapeutic Vaccine Market : Estimated Number of New Cancer Cases (in thousands), by Gender, United States, 2022

North America Holds a Significant Share of the Therapeutic Vaccine Market Over the Forecast Period

The North American region is expected to contribute significantly to the market's growth during the study period. Factors such as the growing cancer burden, increasing research and development expenditures, and increasing product launches are predicted to fuel market growth. For instance, according to the American Cancer Society's data for 2022, 1.9 million new cancer cases are projected to be diagnosed in the country in 2022, of which nearly 236,740 are likely to be new lung cancer cases and 287,850 to be new breast cancer cases. The same source also states that 79,000 new cases of kidney cancer and 268,490 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the country. This shows a high burden of cancer among the population in the United States. This is expected to boost the demand for the availability of therapeutic vaccines for treatment. This is further expected to drive market growth.

In addition, the government of Canada, through the Immunization Partnership Fund (IPF), reached populations with lower vaccine uptake by enabling informed vaccination choices. In 2020 and 2021, the IPF received USD 45.5 million in additional funding for more than 2.5 years to allow the Public Health Agency of Canada to continue supporting vaccination efforts across Canada. Through these initiatives, the Canadian government is trying to increase vaccine uptake and access to COVID-19 vaccines throughout Canada. Moreover, in May 2021, the government of Canada announced an investment of up to USD 199.16 million in Resilience Biotechnologies Inc. to increase its manufacturing and fill/finish capacity for a few vaccines and therapeutics using novel technology such as mRNA. As a result, healthcare and pharmaceutical expenditures in the countries, as well as rising government activities in the region, are expected to rise in the coming years.Therefore, these regional investments and expenditures are anticipated to drive market growth.

Moreover, strategic activities such as new product development, approvals, collaboration, and acquisition in the region are driving the therapeutic vaccine market's growth. For instance, in May 2021, Sotrovimab, developed by GSK, plc, received emergency use authorization from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (12 years of age and older, weighing at least 40 kg) with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing and who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death. In addition, in March 2022, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), in partnership with NYU Langone Health, started a multi-center phase 2 clinical trial that was launched to investigate a new BCG vaccine treatment for pediatric type 1 diabetes, even in subjects with established disease. Thus, strategic activities by major players are increasing in the region and are anticipated to grow, thus driving the growth of the market studied over the next few years.

Therefore, owing to the aforementioned factors, the North American region is expected to have significant growth over the forecast period.

Therapeutic Vaccine Market : Growth Rate by Region

Therapeutic Vaccines Industry Overview

The therapeutic vaccine market is fragmented in nature due to the presence of several companies operating globally as well as regionally. The competitive landscape includes an analysis of international and local companies that hold market shares and are well-known, including AstraZeneca, Pfizer Inc., GSK plc., Merck & Co., Inc., Novartis AG, Phio Pharmaceuticals Corp., and INOVIO Pharmaceuticals, among others.

Therapeutic Vaccines Market Leaders

  1. Phio Pharmaceuticals Corp.

  2. GSK plc.

  3. Merck & Co., Inc.

  4. Pfizer Inc.

  5. Agenus Inc.

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

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Therapeutic Vaccines Market News

  • April 2022: A team at King's College London reportedly discovered the world's first cure for heart attacks using mRNA technology similar to the Covid vaccines.
  • March 2022: The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), launched a Phase 1 clinical trial evaluating three experimental HIV vaccines based on a messenger RNA (mRNA) platform. NIAID is sponsoring the study, called HVTN 302, and the NIAID-funded HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN), based at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, is conducting the trial.

Therapeutic Vaccines Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

      1. 4.2.1 Rising Prevalence of Diseases

      2. 4.2.2 Favorable Government Funding For Vaccine Development

      3. 4.2.3 Increase in R&D Expenditure by Major Market Players

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

      1. 4.3.1 Huge Capital Expenditures Associated with Vaccine Development

      2. 4.3.2 Stringent Regulatory Framework

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION (Market Size by Value - USD million)

    1. 5.1 By Products

      1. 5.1.1 Autoimmune Disease Vaccines

      2. 5.1.2 Neurological Disease Vaccines

      3. 5.1.3 Cancer Vaccines

      4. 5.1.4 Infectious Disease Vaccines

      5. 5.1.5 Other Products

    2. 5.2 By Technology

      1. 5.2.1 Allogeneic Vaccine

      2. 5.2.2 Autologous Vaccine

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Mexico

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. France

        4. Italy

        5. Spain

        6. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. Japan

        3. India

        4. Australia

        5. South Korea

        6. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 Middle East and Africa

        1. GCC

        2. South Africa

        3. Rest of Middle East & Africa

      5. 5.3.5 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Argentina

        3. Rest of South America


    1. 6.1 Company Profiles

      1. 6.1.1 Agenus Inc.

      2. 6.1.2 Argos Therapeutic Inc.

      3. 6.1.3 Celldex Therapeutic Inc. (Avant Immunotherapeutics, Inc.)

      4. 6.1.4 Dendreon Corp (Sanpower Group Co., Ltd.)

      5. 6.1.5 GlaxoSmithKline plc

      6. 6.1.6 Merck & Co. Inc.

      7. 6.1.7 Novartis AG

      8. 6.1.8 Pfizer, Inc.

      9. 6.1.9 Phio Pharmaceuticals Corp.

      10. 6.1.10 INOVIO Pharmaceuticals

      11. 6.1.11 AstraZeneca

      12. 6.1.12 BioNTech SE

    2. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability
**Competitive Landscape covers- Business Overview, Financials, Products and Strategies and Recent Developments
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Therapeutic Vaccines Industry Segmentation

As per the scope of the report, a therapeutic vaccine is applied after an infection or disease occurs in order to induce antiviral immunity and alter the course of the disease. Therapeutic vaccines are used to cure diseases because, rather than immunizing for future disease protection, they work with the patient's own immune system to fight infection. The therapeutic vaccine market is segmented by products (autoimmune disease vaccines, neurological disease vaccines, cancer vaccines, infectious disease vaccines, and other products), technology (allogeneic vaccines and autologous vaccines), and geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and South America). The market report also covers the estimated market sizes and trends for 17 different countries across major regions globally. The report offers the value (in USD million) for the above segments.

By Products
Autoimmune Disease Vaccines
Neurological Disease Vaccines
Cancer Vaccines
Infectious Disease Vaccines
Other Products
By Technology
Allogeneic Vaccine
Autologous Vaccine
North America
United States
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Korea
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa
South Africa
Rest of Middle East & Africa
South America
Rest of South America
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Therapeutic Vaccines Market Research FAQs

The Therapeutic Vaccine Market is projected to register a CAGR of 12.63% during the forecast period (2024-2029)

Phio Pharmaceuticals Corp., GSK plc., Merck & Co., Inc., Pfizer Inc. and Agenus Inc. are the major companies operating in the Therapeutic Vaccine Market.

Asia-Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the North America accounts for the largest market share in Therapeutic Vaccine Market.

The report covers the Therapeutic Vaccine Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Therapeutic Vaccine Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Therapeutic Vaccine Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Therapeutic Vaccine market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Therapeutic Vaccine analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Therapeutic Vaccine Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)