Captive Power Plant Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Captive Power Plant Market Report is Segmented by Fuel Source (coal, Gas, Diesel, Renewable, and Others), Industry (cement, Steel, Metals and Minerals, Petrochemicals, and Other Industries), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and the Middle East and Africa). The Report Offers the Market Size and Forecasts for Captive Power Plants in Revenue (USD) for all the Above Segments.

Captive Power Plant Market Size

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Captive Power Plant Market Summary
Study Period 2020-2029
Market Size (2024) USD 214.12 Billion
Market Size (2029) USD 292.14 Billion
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 6.41 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
Largest Market Asia Pacific

Major Players

Captive Power Plant Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Captive Power Plant Market Analysis

The Captive Power Plant Market size in terms of Equal-6.41 is expected to grow from USD 214.12 billion in 2024 to USD 292.14 billion by 2029, at a CAGR of 6.41% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

  • Over the medium term, though the power generation industry is well-established in most countries, the limitations that the utilities have to provide high-quality power round the clock to the industrial users force the industries to establish captive power plants. Moreover, the remote location of some of these industries and the unreliability of the power supply (especially in developing and underdeveloped countries) are the factors promoting the installation of captive power plants.
  • On the other hand, high capital and operational expenditures are limiting the growth of captive power plants in underdeveloped regions across the world.
  • Nevertheless, the expansion of energy-intensive industries in African countries such as Nigeria, Angola, and Ghana is expected to provide a significant opportunity for captive power plant equipment manufacturers and developers in the near future.
  • Asia-Pacific has dominated the captive power plant market, with the majority of the demand coming from China, India, and Japan.

Captive Power Plant Market Trends

Steel Industry to Have Significant Share in the Market

  • It is very important to have a reliable power source when operating a large-scale steel plant. The distribution system for power in a steel plant is different from that of any other industrial plant because of the nature of the load and its magnitude. It is common knowledge that large-scale integrated steel plants consist of a variety of processing plants, nonprocessing plants, services, and utilities.
  • Since steel plants are continuous process plants requiring high capital expenditure, power network design should be viewed from a criticality perspective to ensure that any eventuality such as grid power failure, power equipment failure and internal power system disturbances due to poor power quality is adequately addressed. A constraint in selection and sizing of equipment and accessories cannot result in a massive capital damage associated with financial loss as a result of lost production, resulting in huge capital damage.
  • Further, a large portion of modern life is comprised of steel. Infrastructure, buildings, machinery, electrical equipment, automobiles, and various products, from cookware to furniture, require large amounts of iron and steel. It is estimated that the steel demand will increase by five times by 2050.
  • The world has built an enormous capacity for iron and steel during its modernization process. According to World Steel Association, in 2022, the steel production was around 1,885 million tons (MT), with an increase of around 20.6% from 2012.
  • As a result of various policy, indigenous manufacturing will be encouraged by widening the manufacturing base, sharing know-how, product development, and technological transfer through a multilateral collaboration process.
  • For instance, in October 2022, AMNS India, an arm of ArcelorMittal, announced an investment of USD 7.62 billion in its Hazira steel plant in India. This investment is expected to increase the plant's capacity to 15 million tons, which is currently 9 million tons. Additionally, the investment will include the installation of new steel-making technologies, the setting up of new-age machinery, and the expansion of product offerings.
  • In July 2022, Indonesia's Krakatau Steel and South Korea's POSCO Holdings agreed to invest USD 3.5 billion in expanding their steel production capacity in Indonesia. KRAKATAU POSCO's production capacity for upstream and downstream products will be increased to 10 million tonnes per year under the agreement. Starting in 2023, the expansion includes manufacturing automotive steel for electric vehicles.
  • Considering the developments and investments in the steel and iron industry in the region, the demand for capative power plants is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period.
Captive Power Plant Market: Crude Steel Production, in Million Tonnes, Global, 2012-2022

Asia-Pacific to Dominate the Market

  • Asia-Pacific is expected to dominat the captive power plant market in 2022, and is expected to continue its dominance in the coming years as well. Factors such as growing population, rapid urbanization, and industrialization are driving the power demand in the region, creating significant opportunities for capacity expansion.
  • In terms of GDP, China is the second-largest economy in the world. In 2022, the country’s GDP grew by about 0.8%, reaching USD 17.96 trillion. The growth in the country is gradually diminishing as the aging population, manufacturing to services, and external to internal demand, and the economy is rebalancing from investment to consumption.
  • China is expected to be one of the largest and fastest-growing markets for captive power plants, owing to the significant growth in its chemical, oil & gas, metals processing, and other sectors. Further, it is expected to continue to witness similar growth during the forecast period, as captive power plants play a crucial role in these industries.
  • The iron and Steel industry is a significant market for captive power plants. According to World Steel Association, in 2022, the steel production in China was approximately 1,018 million tons, around 54% of the global steel production.​ 
  • Further, the petrochemical industry is a significant contributor to China's economy and a key field for supporting the high-quality development of the manufacturing sector. Recently, China is witnessing developments in the petrochemical sector. For instance, in March 2023, Aramco and joint venture partners Panjin Xincheng Industrial Group and NORINCO Group announced plans to start the construction of a significant integrated refinery and petrochemical complex in northeast China. The complex is going to have combination of a 300,000 barrels per day refinery and a petrochemical plant with an annual production capacity of 1.65 million tons of ethylene and 2 million metric tons of paraxylene. Construction is expected to start in the second quarter of 2023 after the project has secured administrative approvals. It is expected to be fully operational by 2026. 
  • South Korea is also investing in its petrochemical business which is anticipated to create a rising demand for captive power plants. In November 2022, Saudi Aramco announced investment plans for about USD 7 billion at a South Korean affiliate's factory in the port city of Ulsan to produce more high-value petrochemical products. According to the company, the Shaheen project is Saudi's biggest investment in the Asian nation to develop one of the world's largest refinery-integrated petrochemical steam crackers. 
  • Hence, with these trends from the steel, and petrochemical industries, the demand for captive power plants is anticipated to increase significantly during the forecast period.
Captive Power Plant Market - Growth Rate by Region, 2023-2028

Captive Power Plant Industry Overview

The captive power plant market is consolidated. Some of key players in this market (not in particular order) include Kohler Co., General Electric Company, Wärtsilä Oyj Abp, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, and Siemens AG., among others.

Captive Power Plant Market Leaders

  1. Kohler Co.

  2. General Electric Company

  3. Wartsila Oyj Abp

  4. Siemens AG

  5. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Captive Power Plant Market Concentration
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Captive Power Plant Market News

  • September 2022: Tata Power Renewable Energy (TPREL) announced a collaboration with Viraj Profile, a stainless steel manufacturer, to set up a 100 MW captive solar plant. The company will develop the Nandgaon plant at its Nasik site, and it will power the Tarapur Plant of Viraj Profile.
  • June 2022: Cipla Limited, in partnership with AMP Energy India, announced the commercial operation of additional capacity of a captive renewable energy power plant in Maharashtra and Karnataka. The company commissioned a 30 MWp solar project in Tuljapur, Maharashtra, in 2021, to which it has further added around 16 MWp of solar capacity for supplying renewable energy for its manufacturing facilities in the state.

Captive Power Plant Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Market Size and Demand Forecast in USD, till 2028

    3. 4.3 Recent Trends and Developments

    4. 4.4 Government Policies and Regulations

    5. 4.5 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.5.1 Drivers

        1. Increasing Power Demand across Industrial Sector

        2. Remote Location of Several Industries and the Unreliability of the Power Supply

      2. 4.5.2 Restraints

        1. High Capital and Operational Expenditures

    6. 4.6 Supply Chain Analysis

    7. 4.7 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.7.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.7.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.7.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.7.4 Threat of Substitutes Products and Services

      5. 4.7.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Fuel Source

      1. 5.1.1 Coal

      2. 5.1.2 Gas

      3. 5.1.3 Diesel

      4. 5.1.4 Renewable

      5. 5.1.5 Other Fuel Sources

    2. 5.2 Industry

      1. 5.2.1 Cement

      2. 5.2.2 Steel

      3. 5.2.3 Metal & Minerals

      4. 5.2.4 Petrochemicals

      5. 5.2.5 Others

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Rest of North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. France

        3. United Kingdom

        4. Rest of Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 South America

        1. Brazil

        2. Argentina

        3. Rest of South America

      5. 5.3.5 Middle-East and Africa

        1. Saudi Arabia

        2. United Arab Emirates

        3. South Africa

        4. Rest of Middle-East and Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Kohler Co.

      2. 6.3.2 General Electric Company

      3. 6.3.3 Wartsila Oyj Abp

      4. 6.3.4 Siemens AG

      5. 6.3.5 Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

      6. 6.3.6 Tata Power Renewable Energy

      7. 6.3.7 AMP Solar Group Inc.

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

    1. 7.1 Expansion of Energy Intensive Industries in African Countries such as Nigeria, Angola, And Ghana

**Subject to Availability
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Captive Power Plant Industry Segmentation

A captive power plant is a facility that offers a localized energy source to a power user. These users are typically industrial complexes, large offices, or data centers. These plants may operate in grid parallel mode with the ability to export surplus electricity to the local electricity distribution network. On the other hand, they can operate independently of the local electricity distribution system.

The captive power plant market is segmented by fuel use, industry, and geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and the Middle East and Africa). By fuel use, the market is segmented into coal, gas, diesel, renewable, and others. By industry, the market is segmented into cement, steel, metal & minerals, petrochemicals, and other industries. The report also covers the market size and forecasts for the market for captive power plants across major regions. 

For each segment, the installed capacity and forecasts have been done based on revenue (USD).

Fuel Source
Other Fuel Sources
Metal & Minerals
North America
United States
Rest of North America
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Korea
Rest of Asia-Pacific
South America
Rest of South America
Middle-East and Africa
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
South Africa
Rest of Middle-East and Africa
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Captive Power Plant Market Research FAQs

The Captive Power Plant Market size is expected to reach USD 214.12 billion in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 6.41% to reach USD 292.14 billion by 2029.

In 2024, the Captive Power Plant Market size is expected to reach USD 214.12 billion.

Kohler Co., General Electric Company, Wartsila Oyj Abp, Siemens AG and Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited are the major companies operating in the Captive Power Plant Market.

Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the Asia Pacific accounts for the largest market share in Captive Power Plant Market.

In 2023, the Captive Power Plant Market size was estimated at USD 200.39 billion. The report covers the Captive Power Plant Market historical market size for years: 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Captive Power Plant Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Captive Power Plant Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Captive Power Plant market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Captive Power Plant analysis includes a market forecast outlook 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Captive Power Plant Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)