On-Grid Combined Heat and Power Market - Growth, Trends, and Forecast (2020 - 2025)

The market is segmented by Application (Utilities, Commercial and Industrial, and Residential), Fuel Type (Natural Gas, Coal, Oil, Biomass, and Other Fuel Types), and Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle-East and Africa)

Market Snapshot

Study Period:


Base Year:


Fastest Growing Market:

Middle East and Africa

Largest Market:

Asia Pacific


6 %

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Market Overview

The global on-grid combined heat and power market is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 6% over the period of 2020-2025. Factors such as the positive outlook for natural gas supply and price, increased energy efficiency, and environmental regulatory pressures on power plants and industrial boilers, amongst others, are expected to drive the number of installations of combined heat and power plants across the world. Moreover, on-grid combined heat and power systems provide both thermal energy and electricity for the host site, generate electricity and provide other grid services to the electric power system when needed, and interact with the grid in a fully automated manner. Although many efforts have been made over the years to remove technical and regulatory barriers and to promote wider adoption of on-grid combined heat and power plants, factors such as grid interconnection, significant initial capital investment, amongst various others, has remained as a significant challenge for the on-grid combined heat and power market.

  • Biomass based combined heat and power is expected to witness the fastest growth during the forecast period.
  • Small-to-medium size industrial facilities could benefit from flexible and cost-effective combined heat and power systems. Such systems have the benefits of conventional combined heat and power but could also provide support to the electricity grid in the form of electricity supply, frequency regulation, and reserve capacity. This, in turn, is expected to create significant opportunities for the combined heat and power system providers and plant developers in the near future.
  • North America has dominated the on-grid combined heat and power market, with the majority of the demand coming from the United States and Canada.

Scope of the Report

The on-grid combined heat and power market report include:

Commercial and Industrial
Fuel Type
Natural Gas
Other Fuel Types
North America
South America
Middle East & Africa

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Key Market Trends

Biomass Based Combined Heat and Power to Witness a Significant Growth

  • Over the past few years, the biomass industry has grown significantly. Biomass combustion is a carbon-free process, as the resulting CO2 is previously captured by the plants being combusted. Biomass combined heat and power can be a very useful technology for sites that have a constant demand for both heat and electricity, particularly when the site is off the mains gas grid, and where biomass fuel is readily available.
  • In cogeneration mode, the total efficiency may reach 85%-90%. Biomass integrated gasification in gas-turbine plants (BIG/GT) is not yet commercial, but integrated gasification combined cycles (IGCC), using black-liquor (a by-product from the pulp and paper industry), are already in use.
  • In September 2018, a biomass-based combined heat and power plant was commissioned in Southwest England, with a generation capacity of 27 MW. The project represented an inward investment of approximately EUR 150 million. The plant’s capacity is enough to supply 50,000 homes while saving more than 100,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide annually. The excess power generated by the plant is exported to the local electricity grid.
  • Abundant resources and favorable policies are enabling bio-power to expand in Northern Europe, the United States, and countries producing sugarcane bagasse (e.g. Brazil). The proliferation of small projects, including digesters for off-grid applications, is recorded in both OECD and emerging economies.

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North America to Dominate the Market

  • North America has dominated the on-grid combined heat and power market in 2018 and is expected to continue its dominance in the coming years as well. A reliable and resilient grid is critical to the economic growth and energy security of countries like the United States. As the country’s grid interconnects a growing number of renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, the intermittent nature of power generation from these sources is creating challenges for power system operations. Electric utilities and other system operators are facing an increasing and immediate need for additional power to keep the electric grid stable and secure.
  • Combined heat and power technologies can help manufacturing facilities, federal and other government facilities, commercial buildings, institutional facilities, and communities reduce energy costs and emissions, and provide more resilient and reliable electric power and thermal energy. Combined heat and power systems save the United States 1.8 quads of fuel each year, avoiding 241 million metric ton of CO2 emissions annually.
  • As of August 2018, there were 81.3 GWs of combined heat and power installed at more than 4,400 sites around the United States and its territories. There were 111 new combined heat and power installations in the country, representing 554 megawatts of new capacity in 2017. The states with the most new combined heat and power installations were New York (53), New Jersey (10), California (5), and Pennsylvania (5).
  • In September 2018, the United States Department of Energy announced the selection of seven projects, which is expected to receive up to USD 10 million toward R&D of technologies. This is likely to enable small and medium-size industries in the country to use combined heat and power systems to provide services to the electric grid.

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Competitive Landscape

The on-grid combined heat and power market is fragmented. Some of key players in this market include General Electric Company, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd, Bosch Thermotechnology GmbH, Viessmann Werke, and Siemens AG.

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Table Of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Overview on Integrated Microgrids

    3. 4.3 Combined Heat and Power Market Size and Demand Forecast in GW, till 2025

    4. 4.4 On-grid Combined Heat and Power Market Size and Demand Forecast in GW, till 2025

    5. 4.5 Recent Trends and Developments

    6. 4.6 Government Policies and Regulations

    7. 4.7 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.7.1 Drivers

      2. 4.7.2 Restraints

    8. 4.8 Supply Chain Analysis

    9. 4.9 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.9.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.9.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.9.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.9.4 Threat of Substitutes Products and Services

      5. 4.9.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 Application

      1. 5.1.1 Utilities

      2. 5.1.2 Commercial and Industrial

      3. 5.1.3 Residential

    2. 5.2 Fuel Type

      1. 5.2.1 Natural Gas

      2. 5.2.2 Coal

      3. 5.2.3 Oil

      4. 5.2.4 Biomass

      5. 5.2.5 Other Fuel Types

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 South America

      5. 5.3.5 Middle East & Africa


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 General Electric Company

      2. 6.3.2 Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd

      3. 6.3.3 Bosch Thermotechnology GmbH

      4. 6.3.4 Viessmann Werke

      5. 6.3.5 Centrica PLC

      6. 6.3.6 Seimens AG

      7. 6.3.7 Wartsila Oyj Abp

      8. 6.3.8 MAN Diesel & Turbo SE

      9. 6.3.9 Caterpillar Inc.

      10. 6.3.10 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

      11. 6.3.11 FuelCell Energy Inc.

      12. 6.3.12 ABB Ltd

      13. 6.3.13 Aegis Energy Services LLC

  7. *List Not Exhaustive

** Subject to Availability

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