Foreign Exchange Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Foreign Exchange Market Report is Segmented by Type (Spot Forex, Currency Swap, Outright Forward, Forex Swaps, Forex Options, and Other Types (Future Forex, Option Market, Etc. )), by Counterparty (Reporting Dealers, Other Financial Institutions, and Non-Financial Customers), and by Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa). The Report Offers the Market Size in Value Terms in USD for all the Abovementioned Segments.

Foreign Exchange Market Size

Foreign Exchange Market Summary
Study Period 2020-2029
Market Size (2024) USD 0.84 Trillion
Market Size (2029) USD 1.12 Trillion
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 5.83 %
Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
Largest Market North America

Major Players

Foreign Exchange Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Foreign Exchange Market Analysis

The Foreign Exchange Market size is estimated at USD 0.84 trillion in 2024, and is expected to reach USD 1.12 trillion by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 5.83% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

The primary driver of the global market is the increasing incorporation of advanced technology into trading venues, thereby increasing efficiency and openness. As a result, the globalization of businesses necessitates the implementation of foreign exchange services to facilitate cross-border operations. Furthermore, the ever-changing monetary policy and regulatory frameworks of governments and Central Banks are constantly influencing market dynamics.

The market has experienced a surge in international trade activity, which has led to an increase in foreign exchange demand. Additionally, the development of digital technology and the emergence of sophisticated online platforms have facilitated the rapid and convenient exchange of currencies, further expanding the market. Furthermore, the increasing emphasis of organizations on improving their infrastructure for enhanced trading security solutions has been a significant factor in shaping the market outlook.

Foreign Exchange Market Trends

FX Swaps is leading the market

Transactions in the global foreign exchange market have become increasingly concentrated in the form of FX swaps. The shift from spot transactions to FX swaps is likely because FX swaps are typically used for liquidity management and hedging of currency risk, particularly during periods of increased volatility when market participants are more risk-averse. The volume of other financial instruments, like outright forwards, currency swaps, options, and similar products, experienced only slight growth during that time. According to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Triennial Survey, FX swaps are now the most popular foreign exchange instrument.

Foreign Exchange Market Turnover by Instrument, In %, 2022

North America is dominating the market

North America is home to one of the world's largest and most dynamic foreign exchange markets, encompassing Canada, the US, and Mexico. This market is characterized by a high level of trading activity between market participants in the three countries. The market in North America is supported by a number of elements, including the predominance of the US dollar as a world reserve currency. Furthermore, the region's strong financial infrastructure, combined with a robust regulatory framework, provides a sense of confidence and stability. Technological developments in trading platforms, as well as the availability of a variety of financial products, are attractive to institutional investors and individual investors alike. The economic policies of the region, its openness to foreign trade, and its adherence to global financial trends all contribute to the growth of foreign exchange activities.

Foreign Exchange Market: Most Traded Currency Pairs in the Forex Market, 2022

Foreign Exchange Industry Overview

The foreign exchange market is fragmented. The big players invest in cutting-edge tech, manage risk, stay compliant with regulations, and provide better customer service to help the market grow. They're investing in the best trading platforms, using cutting-edge analysis tools, and offering educational resources for beginners and pros alike. They work with regulators and follow global standards to make sure the market is transparent and accountable. This means investors can trust that the market is in line with the law. They're also offering comprehensive support, education, and tailored services to help traders navigate the Forex world. With the rise of mobile trading apps and customizable solutions that cater to different trading needs, their position is getting stronger. The major players dominating the market are Deutsche Bank, UBS, JP Morgan, State Street and XTX Markets.

Foreign Exchange Market Leaders

  1. Deutsche Bank

  2. UBS

  3. JP Morgan

  4. State Street

  5. XTX Markets

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Foreign Exchange Market Concentration
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Foreign Exchange Market News

  • In November 2023, JP Morgan revealed the introduction of novel FX Warrants denominated in Hong Kong dollars in the Hong Kong market, marking its status as the inaugural issuer in Asia to present FX Warrants featuring CNH/HKD (Chinese Renminbi traded outside Mainland China/Hong Kong dollar) and JPY/HKD (Japanese Yen/Hong Kong dollar) as underlying currency pairs. These fresh FX Warrants are set to commence trading on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
  • In October 2023, Deutsche Bank AG finalized its purchase of Numis Corporation Plc. The integration of both brands under the name 'Deutsche Numis' underscores their collective influence and standing in the UK and global markets. 'Deutsche Numis' emerges as a prominent entity in UK investment banking and the preferred advisor for UK-listed companies. This acquisition aligns with Deutsche Bank's Global Hausbank strategy, aiming to become the primary partner for clients in financial services and fostering stronger relationships with corporations throughout the United Kingdom.
  • In June 2023, UBS successfully finalized the acquisition of Credit Suisse, marking a significant achievement. Credit Suisse Group AG has merged into UBS Group AG, forming a unified banking entity.

Foreign Exchange Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

      1. 4.2.1 International Transactions Driven by Growing Tourism Driving Market Demand

      2. 4.2.2 Market Liquidity Impacting the Foreign Exchange Market

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

      1. 4.3.1 Counterparty Risk in Foreign Exchange is One of the Biggest Barriers to Market Growth

    4. 4.4 Market Opportunities

      1. 4.4.1 The Demand Is Being Driven by an Increase In International Trade Activities

      2. 4.4.2 Increasing Use of Digital Technology and the Use of Direct Futures and Currency Options

    5. 4.5 Value Chain / Supply Chain Analysis

    6. 4.6 Industry Attractiveness: Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.6.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.6.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.6.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.6.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.6.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry

    7. 4.7 Insights Into Technological Developments in the Foreign Exchange Market

    8. 4.8 Impact of Government Regulations and Policies in the Forex Market


    1. 5.1 By Type

      1. 5.1.1 Spot Forex

      2. 5.1.2 Currency Swap

      3. 5.1.3 Outright Forward

      4. 5.1.4 Forex Swaps

      5. 5.1.5 Forex Options

      6. 5.1.6 Other Types

    2. 5.2 By Counterparty

      1. 5.2.1 Reporting Dealers

      2. 5.2.2 Other Financial Institutions

      3. 5.2.3 Non-Financial Customers

    3. 5.3 By Region

      1. 5.3.1 North America

      2. 5.3.2 Europe

      3. 5.3.3 Asia-Pacific

      4. 5.3.4 Latin America

      5. 5.3.5 Middle East & Africa


    1. 6.1 Market Concentration Overview

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles

      1. 6.2.1 Deutsche Bank

      2. 6.2.2 UBS

      3. 6.2.3 JP Morgan

      4. 6.2.4 State Street

      5. 6.2.5 XTX Markets

      6. 6.2.6 Jump Trading

      7. 6.2.7 Citi

      8. 6.2.8 Bank of New York Mellon

      9. 6.2.9 Bank America

      10. 6.2.10 Goldman Sachs*

    3. *List Not Exhaustive


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Foreign Exchange Industry Segmentation

Forex, also known as foreign exchange, exchanges one currency for another at a specified foreign exchange rate. FX transactions occur through an electronic network involving financial intermediaries, traders, banks, and various other financial institutions. The foreign exchange market is segmented by type, counterparty, and region. By type, the market is segmented into spot forex, currency swap, outright forward, forex swaps, forex options, and other types (future forex, option market, etc.). By counterparty, the market is segmented into reporting dealers, other financial institutions, and non-financial customers. By region, the market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. The report offers the market size in value terms in USD for all the abovementioned segments.

By Type
Spot Forex
Currency Swap
Outright Forward
Forex Swaps
Forex Options
Other Types
By Counterparty
Reporting Dealers
Other Financial Institutions
Non-Financial Customers
By Region
North America
Latin America
Middle East & Africa
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Foreign Exchange Market Research FAQs

The Foreign Exchange Market size is expected to reach USD 0.84 trillion in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 5.83% to reach USD 1.12 trillion by 2029.

In 2024, the Foreign Exchange Market size is expected to reach USD 0.84 trillion.

Deutsche Bank, UBS, JP Morgan, State Street and XTX Markets are the major companies operating in the Foreign Exchange Market.

Asia Pacific is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the North America accounts for the largest market share in Foreign Exchange Market.

In 2023, the Foreign Exchange Market size was estimated at USD 0.79 trillion. The report covers the Foreign Exchange Market historical market size for years: 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Foreign Exchange Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Foreign Exchange Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Foreign Exchange market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Foreign Exchange analysis includes a market forecast outlook to for 2024 to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Foreign Exchange Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)