Brazil Waste to Energy Market - Growth, Trends, and Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

The Brazilian Waste to Energy Market is segmented by Technology (Thermal, Bio-Chemical, and Others). The report offers market size and forecasts in revenue (USD billion) for all the above segments.

Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market Size

Brazil Waste to Energy Market Summary
Study Period: 2019-2027
CAGR: > 5 %

Major Players

Brazil Waste to Energy Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market Analysis

The Brazilian waste-to-energy market is projected to register a CAGR of over 5% during the forecast period.

COVID-19 negatively impacted the market in 2020. Presently the market has now reached pre-pandemic levels.

  • Over the medium term, the increasing focus on non-fossil fuel sources of energy, increasing generation of waste, and favorable government policies are driving the adoption of the waste-to-energy market, which provides the market with immense potential for growth in the near future.
  • On the other hand, the market is restrained by waste-to-energy incineration plants' environmental and social impact.
  • Nevertheless, emerging waste-to-energy technologies, which are more efficient in electricity generation, with additional benefits of no-emission discharge and effluence problems at plant sites, are expected to create significant opportunities for the market players over the coming years.

Brazil Waste-to-Energy Industry Segmentation

Waste-to-energy is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and heat through the primary treatment of waste or processing the same into a fuel source. The technology used for this process includes physical, thermal, and biological technologies.​

The Brazilian waste-to-energy market is segmented by technology. By technology, the market is segmented into thermal, bio-chemical, and others. The market size and forecasts for each segment have been done regarding revenue (USD billion).

Technology (Qualitative Analysis Only)

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Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market according to our research experts:

Thermal Based Waste to Energy Conversion is Expected to Witness a Significant Growth

  • The number of waste incineration plants is witnessing significant growth over the years due to the substantial increase in waste generation and as landfills exceed capacity.
  • The generation of solid waste in Brazil has been rising over the years. In Brazil, 82.66 million tons of municipal solid waste were produced in 2021. Estimates based on the time series showed that Brazil is expected to reach a generation of 100 million metric tons a year around 2030.
  • Waste-to-energy projects have huge potential in Brazil. Private sector firms in Brazil launched a waste-to-energy association known as Abren, a Brazilian representative of the world's largest solid waste management institution.
  • In 2020, the Brazilian Association for the Recovery of Waste Energy (ABREN) estimated that using an average lower heat value (LHV) of 7,500 kJ/kg, a 28% energy recovery plant with an annual availability of 8,000 hours, there may be a potential for generating 19 TWh of electricity from MSW per year, which is equivalent to an installed capacity of 2,358 MW in the 28 metropolitan regions of the country.
  • In October 2021, Veolia began producing renewable electricity through the valorization of biogas on its landfill sites in Brazil. In three of the company's sanitary landfills in Brazil, the company has established three new thermoelectric power plants. The units produce 12,400 kW (12.4 MW) of renewable electricity from biogas generated by the decomposition of organic waste, which is required to meet the energy needs of approximately 42,000 residents.
  • In 2021, the installed capacity of bioenergy was 15,578.4 MW. Bioenergy uses biomass, i.e., solid waste, to produce energy.
  • Therefore, owing to the aforementioned factors, the thermal segment is likely to dominate the Brazil waste-to-energy market during the forecast period.
Brazil Waste to Energy Market : Bioenergy l Installed Capacity, in MW, Brazil, 2012-2021

Environmental and Social Impact of Waste to Energy Incineration Plants

  • WTE plants reduce volumes of waste. However, they do not produce clean energy and have a large carbon footprint. Brazil is already one of the largest producers of greenhouse emissions globally. Carbon dioxide emissions in Brazil amounted to 436.6 million tons in 2021. Due to the immediate effects of global warming and climate change plaguing the region, environmental and social issues have gained prime importance, which, in turn, is expected to hinder the growth of Brazil's waste-to-energy market growth.
  • Though modern "environmentally-friendly" WTE incineration technologies and ultra-high temperature furnaces ensure that harmful byproducts such as dioxins do not form and filters can prevent pollutants from being released into the air, the burning process still produces fumes that contribute to climate change, and the electricity generated by waste incineration has been shown to have significantly higher greenhouse emissions than electricity generated through conventional means, such as natural gas.
  • Moreover, small plants might cause more pollution as they do not have the same environmental protection systems as larger plants. This leads to higher toxic emissions and ash production, which needs to be disposed of properly. Disposing bottom ash and fly ash from incinerators into landfills remains a severe environmental issue due to the presence of 8-12% ferrous metals and 0.5-1.5% non-ferrous metals in such ash.
  • Large-scale WTE incineration plants also threaten the livelihood of millions of waste-pickers in the region, part of the region's massive informal waste management sector. These waste-pickers collect and recycle plastics, metal, and cardboard. They play a crucial role in municipal solid waste management, contributing to a large trade in recycling waste products. Incineration plants would kill the livelihood of millions of such people and reduce the level of segregation in waste and reduce recycling.
  • Due to this, it has been a controversial technology. It has been a source of significant protests by environmental activists globally, from the United States to China, and WtE plants in Brazil have faced similar protests earlier.
  • In July 2021, a protest in 20 cities in the Minas Gerais region of Brazil brought together environmentalists, waste pickers, and recyclers to condemn garbage incineration in a day of struggle against a government notice initiating the route for incineration of garbage for consortia of municipalities in Minas Gerais.
  • •Hence, such environmental and social issues are expected to significantly restrain the growth of Brazil's Waste to Energy market during the forecast period.
Brazil Waste to Energy Market : Carbon Dioxide emissions in Million tonnes, Brazil, 2011-2021

Brazil Waste-to-Energy Industry Overview

The Brazilian waste-to-energy market is fragmented. Some of the major players (in no particular order) include Haztec Tec. e Plan. Ambiental SA, Veolia Environnement SA, Solví Participações SA, ZEG Ambiental, and CS Bioenergia, among others.

Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market Leaders

  1. Haztec Tec. e Plan. Ambiental S.A.

  2. Veolia Environnement SA

  3. Solví Participações S.A.

  4. ZEG Ambiental

  5. CS Bioenergia

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Brazi WtE Market-CL-Template.jpg

Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market News

  • June 2022: The Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) approved financing of USD 15.5 million for constructing 40 MW of biomass power plants in Roraima state. Oxe Participacoes SA has been granted a loan by BNDES to develop the Bonfirm, Canta, Pay Rainha, and Santa Luz projects in Canta and Boa Visa municipalities. Wood chips and wood industry wastes will be used as fuel for the four plants, which will be able to generate enough electricity to meet the needs of 148,000 residents.
  • April 2022: Brazil approved a National Solid Waste Plan, previously proposed by the National Solid Waste Policy of 2010. The plan aims to promote solid waste management and planning at the federal, state, and municipal levels. The main goals are to recover at least 48% of the generated mass (recycling, energy, and biological waste) until 2040 and to improve energy generation on varied decomposing waste sources, benefiting more than 27 million households.

Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Market Size and Demand Forecast in USD billion, till 2027

    3. 4.3 Recent Trends and Developments

    4. 4.4 Government Policies and Regulations

    5. 4.5 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.5.1 Drivers

      2. 4.5.2 Restraints

    6. 4.6 Supply Chain Analysis

    7. 4.7 PESTLE Analysis


    1. 5.1 Technology (Qualitative Analysis Only)

      1. 5.1.1 Physical

      2. 5.1.2 Bio-Chemical

      3. 5.1.3 Others


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Haztec Tec. e Plan. Ambiental S.A

      2. 6.3.2 Veolia Environnement SA

      3. 6.3.3 Solví Participações S.A.

      4. 6.3.4 ZEG Ambiental

      5. 6.3.5 CS Bioenergia

      6. 6.3.6 Oxe Participacoes S.A

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability
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Brazil Waste-to-Energy Market Research FAQs

The Brazil Waste to Energy Market market is studied from 2019 - 2027.

The Brazil Waste to Energy Market is growing at a CAGR of >5% over the next 5 years.

Haztec Tec. e Plan. Ambiental S.A., Veolia Environnement SA, Solví Participações S.A., ZEG Ambiental, CS Bioenergia are the major companies operating in Brazil Waste to Energy Market.

Brazil Waste to Energy Industry Report

Statistics for the 2023 Brazil Waste to Energy market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Brazil Waste to Energy analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2028 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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