Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The Bio-Based 1, 4-Butanediol Market Report Covers Major Manufacturers and Market Trends and is Segmented by Application (Tetrahydrofuran (THF), Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT), Gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL), Polyurethane (PU), and Other Applications), End-User Industry (Automotive, Electrical and Electronics, Textile, and Other End-User Industries), and Geography (Asia-Pacific, North America, Europe, and Rest of the World). The Market Size and Forecasts for the Bio-Based 1, 4-Butanediol Market are Provided in Terms of Volume (kilotons) for all the Above Segments.

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Size

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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Summary
Study Period 2019 - 2029
Market Volume (2024) 38.75 kilotons
Market Volume (2029) 60.86 kilotons
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 9.45 %
Fastest Growing Market North America
Largest Market Europe

Major Players

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Major Players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Analysis

The Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market size is estimated at 38.82 kilotons in 2024, and is expected to reach 60.83 kilotons by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 9.40% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic affected the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market due to quarantined workforces, general businesses being shut down, and disrupted supply chains. Many factories responsible for bio-based 1,4-butanediol production were also shut down during the pandemic. The closure of these manufacturing plants dampened bio-based 1,4-butanediol sales. The automobile, electrical and electronics, and textile industries were temporarily halted. However, in 2021, the market gradually started to recover as governments worldwide started to counter the problems caused by the pandemic.

  • The major factors driving the market's growth are the increasing demand for polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) from various industries and stringent government regulations.
  • On the flip side, massive competition from fossil fuel-based products remains a concern for the market studied.
  • The shifting focus toward eco-friendly products will likely provide opportunities for the market during the forecast period.
  • Europe dominated the market across the world. The demand in the region is driven by the growing usage of bio-based 1,4-butanediol in industries such as automotive, electronics, and consumer appliances.

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Trends

Increasing Demand in the Textile Market

  • 1,4 BDO is used as an adhesive in leather, plastics, polyester laminates, and polyurethane footwear. 1,4-butanediol is an immediate chemical used in thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) production, which is used in making synthetic leather sole material.
  • However, 1-4 BDO produces tetrahydrofuran (THF), which is used to make spandex fiber captured in the garment industry. Spandex is a lightweight, soft, smooth synthetic fiber with a unique elasticity. Due to its elastic properties, it is used in making stretchable clothing. 
  • Spandex fibers, consisting of 80% poly (tetramethylene ether) glycol (PTMEG or PolyTHF), can be stretched to between 500% and 700% of their original length and durably retain their shape.
  • Spandex fabric is highly used in clothing items such as athletic wear, stretch pants, yoga pants, skinny jeans, underwear, bras, socks, and motion capture suits.
  • Due to the flexibility offered by spandex-blended clothing or garments, their demand is expected to grow Y-o-Y. For instance, according to the BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange), the value of apparel in India's sports and athleisure retail market is estimated to mark a growth of 92% by 2025 compared to 2022.
  • BDO is a highly preferred material in the footwear industry. The growth in the demand for footwear will expand the market size of BDO. For instance, footwear retail sales in Germany were 4% higher in 2023, according to the BTE - Trade Association of Textile, Shoes and Leather Goods.
  • Such factors indicate that the textile industry will observe stagnant growth during the forecast period.
Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market - Textiles and Apparels Export from India, In value (USD billion), India, 2018-2026

Europe is Expected to Dominate the Market

  • Europe dominated the global market share. The demand in the market is driven by the growing demand from industries such as automotive, electronics, and consumer appliances.
  • Germany has the most significant electronic and automobile industry in Europe. The German electrical and electronics market is Europe's largest and the fifth-largest worldwide.
  • According to the ZVEI, the turnover of Germany's electro and digital industry accounted for EUR 239 billion (USD 260.4 billion) in 2023, witnessing a growth rate of over 6% compared to EUR 225 billion (USD 245.17 billion) in 2022. Such trends in the industry have enhanced the demand for bio-based 1,4 butanediol for electronics and semiconductor applications in the country.
  • Germany also leads the European automotive market, with 41 assembly and engine production plants contributing to one-third of Europe's total automobile production. In 2022, the country produced 36,77,820 cars and commercial vehicles, marking a growth of 11% compared to 2021, according to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA). The large and growing size of Germany's automotive industry will likely boost the market of BDO during the forecast period.
  • The United Kingdom is the largest European market for high-end consumer electronics products, with over 10,000 UK-based electronics companies. The demand for technologically advanced electronic devices registered significant growth in the country's consumer electronics market. This increase in demand is expected to drive electronics production in the country, leading to the need for bio-based 1,4-butanediol for electronic applications.
  • The French automobile industry fared much better compared to other major European economies in the past few years. In 2022, the country produced about 13,83,173 units of cars and commercial vehicles, an increase of 2% compared to 2021, according to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA).
  • The increasing income of the population and the rising demand for consumer appliances such as air-conditioners, fridges, washing machines, and microwaves are further driving the consumer appliances market’s growth.
  • Hence, such favorable market trends are expected to drive the demand for bio-based 1,4-butanediol for raw material applications in the region during the forecast period.
Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market - Growth Rate by Region

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Industry Overview

The global bio-based 1,4 butanediol market is an oligopoly, where Novamont SpA holds the dominant production capacity share. Some of the noticeable players in the market include (not in a particular order) Novamont SpA, Shandong Landian Biological Technology, DSM, BASF SE, and Global Bio-chem Technology Group Company Limited.

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Leaders

  1. Novamont SpA

  2. Shandong LanDian Biological Technology Co. Ltd

  3. DSM

  4. BASF SE

  5. Global Bio-chem Technology Group Company Limited

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Concentration
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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market News

  • September 2023: BASF SE obtained long-term access to bio-based 1,4-butanediol Qira from Qore LLC (Qore), a joint venture of Cargill and Helm AG. BASF SE made this move to expand its existing offer of BDO derivatives with bio-based variants.
  • March 2023: The world's first two-step process bio-BDO facility was successfully put into operation in China. The new facility was developed and built by Shandong LanDian Biological Technology Co. Ltd., the second enterprise in China to mass-produce bio-BDO after YuanLi Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
  • September 2022: Qira collaborated with Lycra, a textile and apparel brand, allowing Lycra to use Qira bio-based BDO for spandex manufacturing. Through this move, 70% of Lycra’s fiber content will be derived from renewable feedstock.

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Drivers

      1. 4.1.1 Increasing Demand for Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)

      2. 4.1.2 Stringent Government Regulations

    2. 4.2 Restraints

      1. 4.2.1 High Competition from Fossil Fuel-based Products

      2. 4.2.2 Other Restraints

    3. 4.3 Industry Value Chain Analysis

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.4.5 Degree of Competition

    5. 4.5 Patent Analysis

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION (Market Size in Volume)

    1. 5.1 Application

      1. 5.1.1 Tetrahydrofuran (THF)

      2. 5.1.2 Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)

      3. 5.1.3 Gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL)

      4. 5.1.4 Polyurethane (PU)

      5. 5.1.5 Other Applications

    2. 5.2 End-user Industry

      1. 5.2.1 Automotive

      2. 5.2.2 Electrical and Electronics

      3. 5.2.3 Textile

      4. 5.2.4 Other End-user Industries

    3. 5.3 Geography

      1. 5.3.1 Asia-Pacific

        1. China

        2. India

        3. Japan

        4. South Korea

        5. Malaysia

        6. Indonesia

        7. Vietnam

        8. Thailand

        9. Rest of Asia-Pacific

      2. 5.3.2 North America

        1. United States

        2. Canada

        3. Mexico

      3. 5.3.3 Europe

        1. Germany

        2. United Kingdom

        3. France

        4. Italy

        5. Russia

        6. NORDIC

        7. Spain

        8. Turkey

        9. Rest of Europe

      4. 5.3.4 Rest of the World

        1. South America

        2. Middle East and Africa

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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Industyr Segmentation

Bio-based 1,4-butanediol, majorly manufactured using sugar fermentation, is polymerized with terephthalic acid to produce polybutylene terephthalate (PBT). PBT is a semi-crystalline, white, or off-white thermoplastic polyester with higher impact strength, better electrical resistance, and exceptional chemical resistance. Such PBT properties make it widely suitable for applications in the electrical and electronics, telecommunications and IT, and automotive industries.

The bio-based 1,4 butanediol market is segmented by application, end-user industry, and geography. By application, the market is segmented into tetrahydrofuran (THF), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), polyurethane (PU), and other applications (polybutylene succinate (PBS), etc.). By end-user industry, the market is segmented into automotive, electrical and electronics, textile, and other end-user industries. The report also covers the market size and forecasts for the bio-based 1,4 butanediol market in 27 countries across major regions. For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts were done based on volume (kilotons).

Tetrahydrofuran (THF)
Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)
Gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL)
Polyurethane (PU)
Other Applications
End-user Industry
Electrical and Electronics
Other End-user Industries
South Korea
Rest of Asia-Pacific
North America
United States
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
Rest of the World
South America
Middle East and Africa
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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Research FAQs

The Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market size is expected to reach 38.75 kilotons in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 9.45% to reach 60.86 kilotons by 2029.

In 2024, the Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market size is expected to reach 38.75 kilotons.

Novamont SpA, Shandong LanDian Biological Technology Co. Ltd, DSM, BASF SE and Global Bio-chem Technology Group Company Limited are the major companies operating in the Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market.

North America is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period (2024-2029).

In 2024, the Europe accounts for the largest market share in Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market.

In 2023, the Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market size was estimated at 35.09 kilotons. The report covers the Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market historical market size for years: 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)