Canada Property and Casualty Insurance Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)

The Canada Property and Casualty Insurance Market is segmented by Insurance Type (Home, Motor, and Other Insurance Types) and Distribution Channel (Direct, Agents, Banks, and Other Distribution Channels).

Market Snapshot

Study Period: 2016 - 2026
Base Year: 2020
CAGR: <2 %

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Market Overview

The Canadian property and casualty insurance market is expected to register a CAGR of approximately 2% during the forecast period.

  • In 2018, private Canadian insurers registered a revenue of CAD 59.6 billion in direct written premiums (CAD 54.1 billion in net written premiums) for insurance on consumers’ homes, cars, and businesses. Out of the CAD 54.1 billion in net written premiums, 44.1% was for one line of business: automobile, including commercial vehicle insurance, personal property, commercial property, and liability. Specialized lines of insurance, such as boiler and machinery, marine and aircraft, and surety and fidelity, make up about 7.1% of the business. Additionally, 42.0% of direct written premiums were for car insurance in 2018. In 2018, Canadian P&C (property and casualty) insurers paid out CAD 39.1 billion as claims.
  • In 2018, auto insurance, which is required by law in every Canadian province and territory, accounted for approximately half the insurance business written by P&C (Property and casualty) insurers. There are about 111 private P&C insurance companies competing in auto insurance business in Canada. In addition to these private insurers, government-owned insurers in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Quebec generally provide the mandatory component of auto insurance in those provinces, in addition to some optional coverages.
  • Private insurers wrote auto insurance policies for a total of CAD 25 billion in direct written premiums in 2018. In 2018, Canadian private P&C insurers paid out CAD 18.2 billion as direct claims to policyholders for all types of auto insurance coverage: third-party liability, accident benefits, collision and comprehensive, and other coverages. Third-party liability claims payouts accounted for 46.6% of all direct claims incurred. Most claims (83.8%) were for incidents involving private passenger vehicles.
  • Home insurance is the second-largest line of P&C business after auto insurance and home or personal property insurance, includes home, condominium, cottage, mobile home, and tenant’s insurance. It covers the property, personal belongings, and personal liability of the policyholder and the policyholder’s spouse or partner, children (with age limits), and dependents (with age and other limits). In 2018, private P&C insurers wrote CAD 13.2 billion in direct written premiums for personal property insurance and paid out CAD 7.8 billion for direct claims incurred.

Scope of the Report

This report aims to provide a detailed analysis of the property and casualty insurance market in Canada. It focuses on the market dynamics, emerging trends in the segments and regional markets, and insights into various product and application types. Additionally, it analyzes the key players and the competitive landscape in the property and casualty insurance market in Canada.

By Insurance Type
Other Insurance Types
By Distribution Channel
Other Distribution Channels

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Key Market Trends

Increase in Adoption of Artificial Intelligence in Property and Casualty Insurance

Non-life insurers increasingly use AI and machine learning across customer-facing and back-end applications. The objective is to better assess risks in underwriting, strengthen fraud detection, improve customer experiences, and reduce operating overhead. While P&C insurers have been slower to digitize, telematics use has picked up sharply. Similarly, mobile applications and web portals are more commonly used by brokers and consumers for efficient claims submission and processing. Ultimately, these technologies help reduce administrative overhead and improve the customer experience.


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Year-on-Year Increase in Net Written Premium

Net written premium is increasing Y-o-Y. Majority of the premium was received from auto insurance, which nearly contributed 44.1% to the net written premium. This is expected to increase further in the coming years. The government is planning to change the auto insurance policies, as vehicles with fully automated capabilities are expected to launch in Canada. In 2018, out of the total net premium written, personal property’s share was 22.2%, commercial property was 14.2%, liability was 10.2%, specialized was 7.1%, and accident and sickness was 2.3%.


Competitive Landscape

The report covers the major players operating in the property and casualty insurance market in Canada. The market is consolidated, and it is expected to grow during the forecast period, due to several factors that are driving the market.

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Deliverables

    2. 1.2 Study Assumptions

    3. 1.3 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Threat of New Entrants

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 By Insurance Type

      1. 5.1.1 Property

      2. 5.1.2 Auto

      3. 5.1.3 Other Insurance Types

    2. 5.2 By Distribution Channel

      1. 5.2.1 Direct

      2. 5.2.2 Agency

      3. 5.2.3 Banks

      4. 5.2.4 Other Distribution Channels


    1. 6.1 Vendor Market Share

    2. 6.2 Mergers and Acquisitions

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Intact Group

      2. 6.3.2 Aviva Group

      3. 6.3.3 Desjardins Group

      4. 6.3.4 Co-operators Group

      5. 6.3.5 TD Insurance Group

      6. 6.3.6 Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Company

      7. 6.3.7 RSA Group

      8. 6.3.8 Economical Group

      9. 6.3.9 Travelers Group

      10. 6.3.10 Northbridge Group

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

**Subject to Availability

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Frequently Asked Questions

The Property and Casualty Insurance Market market is studied from 2016 - 2026.

The Property and Casualty Insurance Market is growing at a CAGR of <2% over the next 5 years.

Intact Group, Aviva Group, Desjardins Group, Co-operators Group, TD Insurance Group are the major companies operating in Property and Casualty Insurance Market.

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