North America Biosolids Market - Growth, Trends, and Forecast (2020 – 2025)

The market is segmented by Type (Class A, Class A EQ, and Class B), Form (Cake, Liquid, and Pellet), Application (Agriculture Land Application, Non-agricultural Land Application, and Energy Recovery – Energy Production), and Geography (United States, Canada, Mexico, and the Rest of North America)

Market Snapshot

Study Period:


Base Year:



4 %

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Market Overview

The market for biosolids in North America is expected to grow at a CAGR of above 4% during the forecast period. One of the major factors driving the consumption of biosolids is that these materials act as viable substitutes for hazardous chemical fertilizers. On the flipside, limited availability of information regarding the safety of biosolids in the public space including the US EPA website is expected to hinder the market’s growth.

  • Technological advancements in processes like cell destruction, dewatering, thickening, stabilization, etc. are expected to provide a major growth opportunity for the market studied during the forecast period.
  • Among the Applications, agricultural land application has been the most dominating and is expected to be continue being the largest application during the forecast period.
  • Among the North American countries, the United States is currently dominating the market studied and is expected to grow at the highest rate during the forecast period.

Scope of the Report

The North America biosolids market includes:

Class A
Class A EQ (Exceptional Quality)
Class B
Agriculture Land Application
Fertilizer/Soil Conditioner for Human Crop Production
Fertilizer/Soil Conditioner for Human Crop Production
Non-agricultural Land Application
Forest Crops (Land Restoration and Forestry)
Land Reclamation (Roads and Urban Wetlands)
Reclaiming Mining Sites
Landscaping, Recreational Fields, and Domestic Use
Energy Recovery - Energy Production
Heat Generation, Incineration, and Gasification
Oil and Cement Production
Commercial Uses
United States
Rest of North America

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Key Market Trends

Agriculture Land Application to Dominate the Market

  • The steadily growing population of the North American region is boosting the necessity for agriculture yields. However, the overall cropland area in the region has been declining in the past few years. 
  • Hence, there has been increasing demand for eco-friendly fertilizers like biosolids which can be used for both human crop production and animal crop production.
  • Biosolids help in the reduction of fertilizer costs and provide many micronutrients essential for crop growth. Biosolids can be used on agricultural land, forests, rangelands, or on disturbed lands in need of reclamation.
  • Big enterprises and big farmers are largely focusing on increasing their cattle farming activities and production of meat products. This, in turn, is augmenting the demand for animal crop production, which is providing an impetus to the application of biosolids as fertilizers for animal crop production. 
  • Hence, owing to such factors agricultural land is expected to be the dominating application area for the market studied.

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United States to Dominate the Market

  • United States has dominated the North America biosolids market. Owing to the support from the government and public for environment-friendly technologies. 
  • The US EPA adopted the name ‘biosolids’, in order to differentiate high-quality treated sewage sludge from raw sewage sludge, containing large amount of pollutants. The current options for managing wastewater biosolids in the country include both non-reuse options (like landfilling) and beneficial reuse technologies (such as landfilling with biogas and energy recoveries).
  • Majority of the biosolids that are currently generated in the country are expected to be EQ or PC biosolids, containing low levels of pollutants. About half of the biosolids production in the country is being beneficially used to improve soils.
  • In the United States, biosolids are either recycled or applied as fertilizer, in order to improve and maintain productive soils and stimulate plant growth. By treating sewage sludge, the biosolids are used as valuable fertilizer, instead of taking up space in a landfill or other disposal facility. About 50% of all biosolids are being recycled to land.
  • Additionally, the US Geological Survey (USGS), in collaboration with other organizations, is involved in several projects to develop analytical methods, for characterizing potential emerging contaminants in biosolids-derived composts and other products.
  • This includes sampling biosolids to characterize the occurrence of emerging contaminants, assessing the ability of the range of wastewater treatment technologies to remove selected pharmaceuticals and other emerging contaminants from municipal sewage, and extending the work to characterize biosolids in an investigation to determine the persistence and vertical transport in soil zone of emerging contaminants derived from biosolids applied to land.
  • Under the US Department of Agriculture’s National Organic Program, biosolids and compost produced from biosolids are prohibited for use in organic agriculture.
  • Hence, owing to the above-mentioned factors the United States is likely to dominate the north America biosolids market during the forecast period.

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Competitive Landscape

The north America biosolids market is highly consolidated with top 10 players accounting for majority of the market. Synagro Technologies, followed by DC water, Casella Waste Systems, Inc., Merrell Bros., Inc., and BCR Environmental are the leading players in the market.

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Table Of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Deliverables

    2. 1.2 Study Assumptions

    3. 1.3 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Drivers

      1. 4.1.1 New and Sustainable Recycling Options

      2. 4.1.2 Replacing Hazardous Chemical Fertilizers

      3. 4.1.3 Stringent Government Emission Laws

      4. 4.1.4 Promotion by Government Agencies

    2. 4.2 Restraints

      1. 4.2.1 Low Rate of Adoption

      2. 4.2.2 Lack of Awareness about Biosolids

    3. 4.3 Industry Value-Chain Analysis

    4. 4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      2. 4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers

      3. 4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services

      5. 4.4.5 Degree of Competition


    1. 5.1 Stabilization Process

    2. 5.2 Dewatering Techniques


    1. 6.1 Type

      1. 6.1.1 Class A

      2. 6.1.2 Class A EQ (Exceptional Quality)

      3. 6.1.3 Class B

    2. 6.2 Form

      1. 6.2.1 Cakes

      2. 6.2.2 Liquid

      3. 6.2.3 Pellet

    3. 6.3 Application

      1. 6.3.1 Agriculture Land Application

        1. Fertilizer/Soil Conditioner for Human Crop Production

        2. Fertilizer/Soil Conditioner for Human Crop Production

      2. 6.3.2 Non-agricultural Land Application

        1. Forest Crops (Land Restoration and Forestry)

        2. Land Reclamation (Roads and Urban Wetlands)

        3. Reclaiming Mining Sites

        4. Landscaping, Recreational Fields, and Domestic Use

      3. 6.3.3 Energy Recovery - Energy Production

        1. Heat Generation, Incineration, and Gasification

        2. Oil and Cement Production

        3. Commercial Uses

    4. 6.4 Geography

      1. 6.4.1 United States

      2. 6.4.2 Canada

      3. 6.4.3 Mexico

      4. 6.4.4 Rest of North America





    1. 10.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 10.2 Market Share Analysis**

    3. 10.3 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    4. 10.4 Company Profiles

      1. 10.4.1 Anaergia

      2. 10.4.2 BCR Environmental

      3. 10.4.3 Burch Hydro

      4. 10.4.4 Casella Waste Systems Inc.

      5. 10.4.5 DC Water

      6. 10.4.6 Englobe Corp.

      7. 10.4.7 Fergus Power Pump Inc.

      8. 10.4.8 Geoenvironment Technologies LLC

      9. 10.4.9 Lystek International Inc.

      10. 10.4.10 Merrell Bros. Inc.

      11. 10.4.11 New England Fertilizer Company

      12. 10.4.12 Denali Water Solutions

      13. 10.4.13 Recyc Systems Inc.

      14. 10.4.14 Sylvis

      15. 10.4.15 Synagro Technologies

      16. 10.4.16 Terratec Environmental Ltd

      17. 10.4.17 Walker Industries Inc.

  11. *List Not Exhaustive

    1. 11.1 Biosolids Technology Advancements

    2. 11.2 Other Opportunities

** Subject to Availability

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