Bahrain has negligible production of cereals and other agriculture products. Water constraints and unavailability of agriculture land are the major constraints in crop production in Bahrain. Consumption is increased of all the crops and it will grow at a CAGR of XX.XX % CAGR till 2020. Imports are also increased in Bahrain.
Crops like cereals were not produced in Bahrain and due to lack of water resources which affected other crops as well. Hydroponic systems are getting attention in Bahrain and companies also started using them for vegetable and fruit production as this process requires less quantity of water and no land or soil.
Increase in population and future prospects in food industry are reasons for increase in consumption. The food crisis of 2007 forced Bahrain to import wheat at a very high price as major exporters like Russia, Ukraine, India, etc. stopped food exports which forced Bahrain to import food items from international market at a very high price. Bahrain is a net importer of cereals like wheat, barley, millet, maize and sorghum.
Import of these cereal crops are going to increase as they are not produced and because the consumption is increased as well. Prices of all the crops were increased from 2009 to 2010.
Bahrain Agriculture Market is developing due to:
Bahrain is using desalination for potable drinking water, which helped the country to increase agriculture production. Horticulture is the new trend in agriculture production which has given boost to the production. Most of the agricultural land belongs to Kings of Bahrain. Government is giving free land, free pesticides, seeds, water, machinery etc. to farmers for production.
Bahrain is a net importer of food products. Low ground and surface water availability, limited rainfall, limited arable land and low production are the biggest restraints for agriculture production in Bahrain.
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