United States Coal Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The market is segmented by Application (Metallurgy, Power generation, and Others)

US Coal Market Size

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united states coal market size
Study Period 2020 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
Forecast Data Period 2024 - 2029
Historical Data Period 2020 - 2022
CAGR > 3.00 %
Market Concentration High

Major Players

united states coal market major players

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order


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US Coal Market Analysis

The coal market in the United States is expected to decline at a CAGR of more than 3% in the forecast period of 2020-2025. Despite decreasing production, the market is expected to be driven by the metallurgical, cement, and other end-user industries. Although power generation from coal-fired power plants is falling, existing thermal plants are likely to consume significant coal during the forecast period. However, the market is continuously witnessing a downfall in demand attributing to climate change policies and are focus on renewable energy sources for electricity generation.

  • With the decreasing share of coal in electricity generation, the share of coal in the metallurgy industry is increasing is expected to witness significant growth in the market during the forecast period.
  • In 2019, the United States held 24,9537 million tons of coal reserves, which is the highest share recorded globally. With ample reserves and significant ongoing electricity generation from coal, the market is expected to create considerable opportunities in the future.
  • Rising environmental concerns over greenhouse gases emissions, global warming, and shift towards renewable energy sources are expected to restrain the growth of the coal market in the United States during the forecast period.

US Coal Market Trends

This section covers the major market trends shaping the US Coal Market according to our research experts:

Metallurgy Sector to Witness Significant Growth

  • Around 70% of global steel production is dependent on coal. Metallurgical coal or coking coal is a vital ingredient in the steel making process. Pulverized Coal Injection (PCI) technology involves injecting coal directly into the blast furnace to provide the carbon for iron making.
  • In 2019, steel production in the United States increased to 88 million metric tons in comparison to 86.6 million metric tons in 2018. Steel production is likely to drive coal consumption significantly.
  • Although the steel production in the country is lower than its steel production in the early 2000s, the United States is still the 4th largest steel producer in the world, just behind China, India, and Japan.
  • According to EIA, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, coal mines in the United States would produce 530 million tons in 2020 from an estimated 705 million tons in the prior year. The decline is expected due to unfavorable market factors, including slipping demand for coal-fired power generation and faltering steel and metallurgical coal demand overseas.
  • The coal consumption is likely to decrease due to a decreasing share in power generation. Although post-COVID-19, with an increasing market of construction and infrastructure, steel production is expected to drive the coal demand.
united states coal market growth

Rising Environmental Concerns to Restrain the Market

  • Rising environmental concerns in the United States and the world over greenhouse gas emissions from the burning of coal and global warming are expected to restrain the coal market in the country.
  • Due to climate change policies, the production of coal witnessed a downfall to 14.30 EJ in 2019. The share is likely to decrease further by the end of 2020 due to market restrictions.
  • In the first quarter of 2020, coal stocks grew to 175.8 MMst from 158.8 MMst at the end of the fourth quarter of 2019 (a 10.7% increase). Shares in the electric power sector increased to 145.5 MMst from 128.5 MMst at the end of the fourth quarter of 2019, the highest level since the second quarter of 2017.
  • The United States metallurgical coal exports are expected to fall 32.3% in 2020 to 37.3 million tons from an estimated 55.1 million tons in 2019, according to EIA's outlook. However, post-mid-2021, the production is likely to increase, and the export is also expected to rebound.
  • The decrease of coal consumption due to environmental policies and increasing renewable share, the market for coal in the United States is expected to decrease during the forecast period further.
united states coal market analysis

US Coal Industry Overview

The United States coal market is fragmented. The major companies include Peabody Energy Corp, Arch Coal Inc, Alliance Resources Partners, L.P., NACCO Industries, Inc., and Contura Energy Inc.

US Coal Market Leaders

  1. Peabody Energy Corp

  2. Arch Coal Inc

  3. Alliance Resource Partners, L.P.

  4. NACCO Industries, Inc.

  5. Contura Energy Inc

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Peabody Energy Corp, Arch Coal Inc, Alliance Resources Partners, L.P., NACCO Industries, Inc., Contura Energy Inc.
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US Coal Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Market Definition

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions




    1. 4.1 Introduction

    2. 4.2 Market Size and Demand Forecast in USD billion, till 2025

    3. 4.3 Recent Trends and Developments

    4. 4.4 Government Policies and Regulations

    5. 4.5 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.5.1 Drivers

      2. 4.5.2 Restraints

    6. 4.6 Supply Chain Analysis

    7. 4.7 PESTLE Analysus


    1. 5.1 Application

      1. 5.1.1 Metallurgy

      2. 5.1.2 Power Generation

      3. 5.1.3 Others


    1. 6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements

    2. 6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Peabody Energy Corp

      2. 6.3.2 Arch Coal Inc

      3. 6.3.3 Alliance Resource Partners, L.P.

      4. 6.3.4 NACCO Industries, Inc.

      5. 6.3.5 Contura Energy Inc

      6. 6.3.6 Kiewit Corporation

      7. 6.3.7 Vistra Corp

    4. *List Not Exhaustive

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US Coal Industry Segmentation

The United States coal market report includes:

Power Generation
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US Coal Market Research FAQs

The United States Coal Market is projected to register a CAGR of greater than 3% during the forecast period (2024-2029)

Peabody Energy Corp , Arch Coal Inc , Alliance Resource Partners, L.P. , NACCO Industries, Inc. and Contura Energy Inc are the major companies operating in the United States Coal Market.

The report covers the United States Coal Market historical market size for years: 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the United States Coal Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

United States Coal Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 United States Coal market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. United States Coal analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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United States Coal Market Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)