Agriculture Industry in India Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2023 - 2028)

The Report Covers Agriculture Market Size in India and is segmented by Food Crops/Cereals (Rice, Wheat, Sorghum, Millet, and Barley), Oilseeds (Soybean, Rapeseed, Groundnut, and Castor), Fruits (Banana, Mango, Orange, Papaya, and Grapes), and Vegetables (Potato, Onion and Shallot, Tomato, Eggplant, Cabbage, and Cauliflower). The report includes the Production Analysis (Volume), Consumption Analysis (Value and Volume), Export Analysis (Value and Volume), Import Analysis (Value and Volume), and Price Trend Analysis for the market.

India Agriculture Market Size

India Agriculture Market Summary
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Study Period 2018-2028
Base Year For Estimation 2022
Forecast Data Period 2023 - 2028
Market Size (2023) USD 355.52 Billion
Market Size (2028) USD 451.59 Billion
CAGR (2023 - 2028) 4.90 %

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India Agriculture Market Analysis

The India Agriculture Market size is estimated at USD 355.52 billion in 2023, and is expected to reach USD 451.59 billion by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 4.90% during the forecast period (2023-2028).

  • The agriculture sector is the primary livelihood source for about 58% of India's population. Although its contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP) has reduced to less than 20% and the contribution of other sectors increased at a faster rate, agricultural production has grown. This has made the country self-sufficient in meeting food security and a net exporter of agriculture and allied products.
  • India is the world's second-largest producer of rice, wheat, and other cereals. The massive demand for cereals in the global market is creating an excellent environment for the export of Indian cereal products. According to FAO (2020), India is the largest producer of ginger and okra among vegetables and ranks second in the production of potatoes, onions, cauliflowers, brinjal, and cabbages. Among fruits, the country ranks first in the production of bananas (26.29%), papayas (43.26%), and mangoes (including mangosteens and guavas) (45.14%).
  • In May 2022, the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare stated that the production of foodgrains in the country is estimated at a record 314.51 metric ton, which is higher by 3.77 metric ton than the production of food grain during 2020-21. The estimated production is also 23.80 metric ton more than the previous five years (2016-17 to 2020-21) average production.
  • Furthermore, the Indian government is showing interest in major investments and developments in agriculture by launching several schemes and projects that aid crop productivity, sustainable farming options, and the upliftment of farmers' livelihoods. Schemes such as Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) are helping in developing organic farming by encouraging farmers to produce commodities free of pesticides and residue.
  • Also, in the Union Budget 2022-23, INR 1.24 lakh crore (USD 15.9 billion) has been allocated to the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers' Welfare. A network of 729 Krishi Vigyan Kendras has been established at the district level across the country to ensure that newer technologies such as improved variety seeds of crops, new breeds/ strains of livestock and fish, and improved production and protection technologies reach farmers. Therefore, the rise in sustainable farming practices, government initiatives, and concern to escalate crop productivity by extension services are further estimated to boost the growth of the market studied during the forecast period.

India Agriculture Market Trends

Cereals and Food Grains Leading the Agriculture Market in India

The high degree of adoption of crop diversification by the producers of cereals and grains is a key driver in managing risks and soil sustainability. Furthermore, cereals like rice, wheat, sorghum, corn, millet, and barley comprise a higher degree of carbon fixation in the soil. The high quantity of grasses with more vegetative coverage reduces soil and wind erosion and provides resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. The crop rotations are highly economical activities in addition to contract services and high value-added processing and packaging of agricultural products.

India is the world's second-largest producer of rice, wheat, and other cereals. The massive demand for cereals in the global market is creating an excellent environment for the export of Indian cereal products. According to the first estimate for 2020-21 by the ministry of agriculture of India, the production of major cereals like rice, maize, and bajra stood at 102.36 million ton, 19.88 million ton, and 9.23 million ton, respectively. The latest data on wheat production is available for the period of 2019-20, and it is estimated to be 107.49 million ton (4th advance estimates).

India is the largest producer as well as the largest exporter of cereal products in the world. According to the Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), India's export of cereals stood at USD 12,872.64 million during the year 2021-22. Rice (including Basmati and Non-Basmati) occupy the major share in India's total cereals export at 75% (in value terms) during the same period. Whereas other cereals, including wheat, represent only a 25% share of total cereals exported from India during this period. As per ITC TradeMap, the major export destinations for the year 2021-22 are Bangladesh, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Vietnam, and Benin.

Agriculture Market in India:  Export Volume, in Metric Ton, Cereals, 2020-2021

Increasing Demand for Vegetables

According to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), increasing awareness regarding the consumption of vegetables to meet various dietary requirements and nutritional needs has raised the demand for vegetables, consequently leading to an increase in the area of vegetable production. As reported by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (India) in 2021, the per capita gross availability of vegetables in India had increased from 388.7 grams per day in 2017-2018 to 400 grams per day in 2020-2021. This indicates the expanding supply and consumption pattern of vegetables, which will further project the demand for the market studied in the coming years.

In India, exotic vegetables such as mushrooms, green olives, fresh broccoli, and many other items have been gaining popularity in recent times among urban populations and gourmet hotels, restaurants, and caterings food services owing to them being rich in essential nutrients, low-calorie, and rich in vitamins.

On the supply side, to cater to this growing demand, farmers are growing a wide range of vegetables because vegetables are short-duration crops that have multiple harvests, resulting in a better cash flow for the farmers. In the year 2021, the Nilgiris district in Tamil Nadu produced the finest quality of lettuce, while freshly grown avocados can be found in Himachal Pradesh.

In February 2022, the Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiyana, developed several varieties of strawberries, figs, date palm, grapes, broccoli, Chinese cabbage, celery, lettuce, sweet pepper, and baby corn, which can be cultivated by farmers for consumers as well as domestic consumption. Among vegetables, Palam Samridhi and Punjab Broccoli I are the varieties developed by the PAU. Saag Sarson and Chini Sarson-I varieties are recommended by the university.

Agriculture Market in India: Production Volume, in Metric ton, Major Vegetables, 2020-2021

India Agriculture Market News

  • November 2022: Isreal opened two agriculture centers of excellence (CoE) in the Jammu division and Kashmir valley, India, as part of the Indo-Israel Agriculture Project (IIAP), which will enhance the share of advanced technology among the farmers to escalate crop productivity.
  • November 2022: Microsoft Research launched a center of excellence (CoE) for the Microsoft project in Baramati in collaboration with the Agricultural Developmental Trust (ADT), Atal Incubation Centre, and Artificial Intelligence for Agriculture Technology and Climate Change, Oxford University, to establish sustainable practices in agriculture through data-driven farming and by using emerging technologies.
  • October 2021: The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ICAR-Central Citrus Research Institute (ICAR-CCRI), Nagpur, for boosting the exports of citrus and its value-added products.
  • September 2021: The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare signed five MoUs with CISCO, Ninjacart, Jio Platforms Limited, ITC Limited, and NCDEX e-markets Limited. These MoUs will have five pilot projects, which will help farmers decide the kind of crops to grow, the variety of seeds to use, and the best practices to adopt to maximize yield.

India Agriculture Market Report - Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Drivers

    3. 4.3 Market Restraints

    4. 4.4 Value Chain Analysis

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION (Production Analysis by Volume, Consumption Analysis by Volume and Value, Import Analysis by Volume and Value, Export Analysis by Volume and Value, and Price Trend Analysis)

    1. 5.1 Food Crops/Cereals

      1. 5.1.1 Rice

      2. 5.1.2 Wheat

      3. 5.1.3 Sorghum

      4. 5.1.4 Millet

      5. 5.1.5 Barley

    2. 5.2 Fruits

      1. 5.2.1 Banana

      2. 5.2.2 Mango

      3. 5.2.3 Orange

      4. 5.2.4 Papaya

      5. 5.2.5 Grapes

    3. 5.3 Oilseeds

      1. 5.3.1 Soybeans

      2. 5.3.2 Rapeseed

      3. 5.3.3 Groundnut

      4. 5.3.4 Castor

    4. 5.4 Vegetables

      1. 5.4.1 Potato

      2. 5.4.2 Onion and Shallot

      3. 5.4.3 Tomato

      4. 5.4.4 Eggplant

      5. 5.4.5 Cabbage

      6. 5.4.6 Cauliflower


    1. 6.1 PESTLE Analysis

    2. 6.2 Government Policies


    1. 7.1 Distribution Network and Retail Analysis

    2. 7.2 List of Distributors/Traders


India Agriculture Industry Segmentation

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and, in varying degrees, preparing and marketing the resulting crop produces, such as fruits, vegetables, and cereal crops, in the country.

Agriculture in India is segmented into food crops/cereals (rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and barley), oilseeds (soybean, rapeseed, groundnut, and castor), fruits (banana, mango, orange, papaya, and grapes), and vegetables (potato, onion and shallot, tomato, eggplant, cabbage, and cauliflower). The report includes the production analysis (volume), consumption analysis (value and volume), export analysis (value and volume), import analysis (value and volume), and price trend analysis for the market. The report offers market sizes and forecasts in terms of value in USD million and volume in metric ton.

Food Crops/Cereals
Onion and Shallot

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India Agriculture Market Research FAQs

The Agriculture in India Market size is expected to reach USD 355.52 billion in 2023 and grow at a CAGR of 4.90% to reach USD 451.59 billion by 2028.

In 2023, the Agriculture in India Market size is expected to reach USD 355.52 billion.

Agriculture in India Industry Report

Statistics for the 2023 Agriculture in India market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Agriculture in India analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2028 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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