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The Nigerian oil and gas upstream market is expected to register a CAGR of more than 2.0% over the period of 2021-2026. As of January 2021, the number of rigs working in the offshore and onshore fields reduced drastically in the country, owing to the lack of investments and the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The country's economy has witnessed a significant contraction due to the decline in the revenues generated from the hydrocarbon industry. However, factors such as an anticipated recovery in demand for oil and gas and governmental push towards increasing exploration and production activities in the country are expected to aid the growth of the market. On the flip side, the country is plagued by political instability and large-scale corruption, which are expected to restrain the growth of the market.
- The development of gas infrastructure in Nigeria is expected to drive the commercialization of the gas that is already being flared but also is expected to attract investments in the gas reserves that are currently underdeveloped.
- The government has instigated reforms in the sector, including new laws which are expected to provide opportunities for the market players.
- Nigeria's offshore oil and gas industry continues to expand, albeit not very fast, opening more market opportunities. The growth of Nigeria's offshore exploration and production activities has been mainly driven by the efforts of the government to develop the country's oil and gas industry.
Scope of the Report
The Nigerian oil and gas upstream market report includes:
Key Market Trends
Growing Investments in Gas Infrastructure to Drive the Market
- Nigeria is one of the major oil and gas producers in the Africa region, accounting for about 25% of oil and 21% of gas production in the region as of 2019. However, during 2013-2019, the oil production in the region declined due to several factors, including a low and volatile oil price environment, political instability, militant attacks on the country's oil and gas infrastructure, and others. During the 2018-2019 period, oil production increased due to relatively higher oil prices. But in the first quarter of 2020, the oil prices registered a sudden decline, which, in turn, is expected to affect oil production negatively.
- On the other hand, gas production has registered a significant rise in the last ten years. During the 2009-2019 period, gas production in the country increased by over 200%. But the gas flaring is the cause for wastage of a large amount of gas. Despite the introduction of the Natural Gas Flare Commercialization Program introduced in 2016, the stats provided by NNPC indicate that the flaring has been increasing. Some of the factors that are causing the operators to flare the gas are the lack of infrastructure, legislation, pricing regulations, and consumers ready to buy gas.
- The country has started to invest heavily in the gas infrastructure as the country plans to become an export hub in Africa by exporting not only to regional countries but also to other Asian countries, like India and China. Additionally, the country has significant domestic demand for gas, mainly from the power sector. The gas-fired power plants in the country are consistently under-utilized due to a lack of uninterrupted gas supply. The country also has a potential domestic demand from the commercial, residential, and industrial sectors. By building the country-wide gas distribution network, the Nigerian government aims to tap into this potential.
- New projects in the country include the development of ultra-deepwater Egina oilfield by Total is one of the key projects, which started production in the first week of 2019. Further investment in the Egina field may significantly boost the production and cash flow in 2019 and continue onward.
- The development of this infrastructure is not only expected to drive the commercialization of the gas that is already being flared but also is expected to attract investments in the gas reserves that are currently underdeveloped.
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Offshore Sector to Witness Significant Growth
- Nigeria's offshore oil and gas industry continues to expand, albeit not very fast, opening up more market opportunities. The growth of Nigeria's offshore exploration and production activities have been mainly driven by the efforts of the government, such as providing key incentives and supporting policies to unlock the investment opportunity, as well as a growing list of international oil and gas companies interested in exploring alternative fields to replace the maturing offshore producing sites.
- In 2019, the China National Offshore Oil Corporation mobilized a USD 3 billion investment, in addition to the USD 14 billion already spent on its existing oil and gas operations in the West African country. A large share of this investment goes into the operations in Nigeria. One of the most ambitious ultra-deep offshore projects is the Egina oil field in water depths of between 1,400 and 1,700 meters. Total projected that the oil field is expected to peak at 200,000 barrels/day.
- The country's offshore industry has specifically hit due to the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. The overall reduction in the number of rigs in the oil and gas basins of Nigeria has not recovered till the January of 2021. However, the OPEC countries have been creating a supply shortage which may aid in reviving the growth in the sector.
- Further, since 2008, the Nigerian government has been trying to pass the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB). The country lost billions of dollars of investments due to the failure to pass the bill. One section of the bill was finally passed in 2019, as the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill (PIGB). Under this, the oil sector will be restructured, including the national oil company, the oil and gas regulator, the Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR), and the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), which will become the National Petroleum Company (NPC), a fully commercial integrated entity. This reform is expected to drive the Nigerian offshore oil and gas upstream market.
The oil and gas upstream sector in the country is majorly dominated by government-owned companies. Private companies operate in joint ventures and collaboration with NNPC, the national oil company of Nigeria. Some of the key players operating in this market include Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Chevron Corporation, Exxon Mobil Corporation, and Total SA.
- In February 2021, the government announced its plans to overhaul the Nigerian Petroleum Exchange (NIPEX) with the aim of shedding more light on inventory management. The country's oil management is plagued by no synergy between different sets of the institution both public and private. The government is expected to take more proactive steps in this direction in the coming years.
- The government is planning to pass the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) in 2021. This bill may directly aid in the creation of clear structures, which may aid the development of the industry.
- In February 2021, Nigeria has launched an exercise to cut upstream production costs with an eye on securing the country’s energy future. This is primarily due to the low cost of oil, which leads to very low profit even on high expenditures.
Table of Contents
1.1 Scope of the Study
1.2 Market Definition
1.3 Study Assumptions
2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
4. MARKET OVERVIEW
4.2 Oil and Gas Reserves in Nigeria, till 2019
4.3 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production, Historic and Forecast, in thousand barrels and billion cubic feet, till 2026
4.4 Active Rig Count, By Location of Deployment, till 2019
4.5 Recent Trends and Developments
4.6 Government Policies and Regulations
4.7 Key Upcoming Upstream Oil and Gas Projects
4.8 Market Dynamics
4.9 Supply Chain Analysis
4.10 PESTLE Analysis
5. Location of Deployment
6. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
*List Not Exhaustive
6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements
6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players
6.3 Company Profiles
6.3.1 Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
6.3.2 Royal Dutch Shell PLC
6.3.3 Chevron Corporation
6.3.4 Exxon Mobil Corporation
6.3.5 Total SA
7. MARKET OPPORTUNITIES AND FUTURE TRENDS
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the study period of this market?
The Nigeria Oil and Gas Upstream Market market is studied from 2018 - 2026.
What is the growth rate of Nigeria Oil and Gas Upstream Market?
The Nigeria Oil and Gas Upstream Market is growing at a CAGR of >2% over the next 5 years.
Who are the key players in Nigeria Oil and Gas Upstream Market?
- Chevron Corporation
- Exxon Mobil Corporation
- Total SA
- Royal Dutch Shell PLC
- Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
Are the major companies operating in Nigeria Oil and Gas Upstream Market.