Waste Management Market in Africa Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)

The report covers Waste Management Companies in Africa and the market is segmented By Waste Type (Industrial Waste, Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste, E-Waste, Plastic waste, Bio-medical waste), and By Disposal Methods (Landfill, Incineration, Dismantling, and Recycling). The report offers market size and forecasts in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

Africa Waste Management Market Size

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Africa Waste Management Market Summary
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Study Period 2020 - 2029
Base Year For Estimation 2023
Market Size (2024) USD 21.72 Billion
Market Size (2029) USD 27.70 Billion
CAGR (2024 - 2029) 4.98 %
Market Concentration Low

Major Players

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*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

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Africa Waste Management Market Analysis

The Africa Waste Management Market size is estimated at USD 21.72 billion in 2024, and is expected to reach USD 27.70 billion by 2029, growing at a CAGR of 4.98% during the forecast period (2024-2029).

The market is driven by government initiatives and projects. Furthermore, the market is driven by the companies emerging in the sector to increase recycling needs.

  • Africa's urban population is growing at a faster rate than any other continent (3.5% per year). Although waste generation in Africa is currently lower than in the developed world, SubSaharan Africa is expected to overtake the developed world as the dominant region in terms of total waste generation if current generation trends continue. Population growth, rapid urbanisation, a growing middle class, changing consumption habits and production patterns, and global waste trade and trafficking all contribute to waste generation in Africa, as it does in other developing regions around the world. Inadequate waste management in Africa is causing economic, social, and environmental problems. However, there are some encouraging signs.
  • Most of the Municipal Solid Waste collection services in many African countries are inadequate. With an average of 57% of MSW in Africa being biodegradable organic waste, the bulk of the waste is dumped. About 90% of the waste generated in Africa is disposed of to land, typically in uncontrolled and controlled dumpsites. Only about 4% of the waste generated in Africa is recycled, often by informal actors (as with reuse). Africa has lately become a dumping site for waste, particularly hazardous waste, often from developed countries. More than 130 people have died in landfill collapses in Africa in the past year, 2/3 of whom were women. To address these concerns, many social and technological innovations have emerged in the waste sector in Africa.
  • In comparison to the continent's minuscule recycling rate, South Africa stands out as a shining beacon. South Africa consumed approximately 3.4 million tonnes of packaging (glass, paper, metal, and plastic) in 2021, with approximately 54% collected for recycling, compared to the continental average of 4%. Apart from South Africa's success, the situation remains bleak: most African countries' collection services are woefully inadequate. The average MSW collection rate is low (mostly organic waste), and the majority of it is dumped, even though the fact that it could provide significant socioeconomic opportunities. Recycling is emerging as a viable business across Africa, driven more by poverty, unemployment, and socioeconomic need than by public or private sector design. An army of unpaid waste collectors makes a living by recovering valuable resources at little to no cost to municipalities or private companies.

Africa Waste Management Market Trends

Increasing Awareness towards the Waste Management

One of the most significant decisions in the history of waste management in Africa was taken when African environment ministers gathered in Senegal in the middle of September 2022. The ministers started the process of putting an end to open rubbish burning and dumping. This choice will have a variety of effects on the economy, the environment, and society. Millions of lives could be saved across the continent.

Sub-Saharan Africa produced 180 million tons of garbage or nearly 9% of the total global output. Only around 11% of this trash was dumped in landfills that were adequately constructed and maintained. More than 60% of them ended up at open dumps. 90% or more of the trash is thrown out in the open in many African cities. A large portion of it is burned, releasing toxic pollution plumes into homes, lungs, and the environment. Dioxins, hydrocarbons, and black carbon, all extremely harmful climatic pollutants, are among these emissions. Moreover, methane produced by the decomposition of organic waste causes open burning and is a significant climate change contributor.

People and the environment are both severely affected. More than 1.2 million Africans die prematurely each year due to air pollution. Children who live close to large dumpsites have been found to have persistent respiratory, gastrointestinal, and dermatological conditions. In African metropolitan centers, more than 60% of the garbage produced is biodegradable. 20% more of it is recyclable. All of this recyclable and biodegradable garbage may be kept out of landfills. By 2030, this would result in a 60% decrease in open rubbish burning.

The utilization of trash as a supplementary resource input and a change in people's behavior are two ways that nations might accomplish this. Governments, local authorities, the commercial sector, civic society, development partners, community organizations, informal trash service providers, and recyclers must all put out enormous effort. Local authorities are on the front lines. They must collaborate with local governments to enforce laws against open burning and dumping and to alter attitudes and behavior. They must to additionally supply the facilities required for recycling and garbage separation. Action will take place at the local level, and the objective is to persuade African towns and nations to join a partnership that is anticipated to be unveiled during COP27.

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The Most Critical Urban African Issue in Need of Support is Waste Management

The most urgently needed investment for climate infrastructure in African towns is waste management initiatives. Among all projects that were disclosed, waste management projects ranked first (50 projects, or 27 percent of the total), followed by water management (28 projects, or 15.5 percent), transportation (27 projects, or 15 percent), renewable energy (25 projects, or 14 percent), and buildings (10 percent and 5 percent, respectively), with a total of 29 projects. A total of 50 waste management projects totaling USD 935 million in value and more than USD 356 million in investment were reported by 31 local governments. The key initiatives were phasing out open dump sites, building sanitary landfills, and redirecting trash from landfills to more sustainable waste recovery and treatment methods.

The first Africa Circular Economy Facility was introduced by the African Development Bank Group today during its 2022 Annual Meetings. A production and consumption paradigm known as the "circular economy" emphasizes sharing, renting, reusing, repairing, and recycling old goods for as long as feasible. The Bank Group Board approved the facility of Directors on March 30, 2022. It will act as a trust fund to direct funding and reduce the risk for cutting-edge circular economy company concepts beyond trash management. It will assist in incorporating the circular economy into African green growth initiatives through the nation-led African Circular Economy Alliance (ACEA). During five years, the multi-donor trust fund will be operational. The Nordic Development Fund and the Finnish government will each contribute EURO 4 million to its initial funding.

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Africa Waste Management Industry Overview

The Africa Waste Management Market is fairly fragmented in nature, and highly price competitive. With several regional and International competitors including Averda, Enviroserv, Interwaste, WasteMart, Universal Recycling Company, Desco, and PETCO, the industry is fragmented. Several local businesses have been offering their clients a full range of cost-effective value-add services while building on the experience they obtained in Africa. Major firms are concentrating on creating cutting-edge methods for disposing of garbage in an environmentally sustainable way. Africa requires competent waste management companies that adhere to legal regulations and efficiently handle trash problems. 

Africa Waste Management Market Leaders

  1. Averda

  2. Enviroserv

  3. Interwaste

  4. WasteMart

  5. Universal Recycling Company

*Disclaimer: Major Players sorted in no particular order

Africa Waste Management Market Concentration
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Africa Waste Management Market News

  • October 2022- In line with the conditions stated on June 9, 2022, SUEZ, Royal Bafokeng Holdings (RBH), and African Infrastructure Investment Managers (AIIM) finalized the acquisition of EnviroServ Proprietary Holdings Ltd and its subsidiaries (collectively, "EnviroServ") after receiving permission from the regional antitrust authorities. By this purchase, SUEZ will be able to solidify both its presence in Africa and its position as a global leader in the treatment of municipal and industrial waste.
  • May 2022- Innovative trash solutions are being introduced to developing markets in the Middle East and Africa thanks to a historic new deal between IFC and Averda International, one of the largest privately held integrated waste management firms in those regions. The UAE-based firm will be able to continue its planned development in South Africa, Oman, and Morocco with the help of a USD 30 million loan from IFC, which will help it become more resilient after the epidemic. With integrated waste management services driven by the private sector, the historic agreement will contribute to delivering advantages for the environment. with this deal, IFC makes its first investment in the continent of Africa and the Middle East's private waste management market.

Africa Waste Management Market Report - Table of Contents

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION

    1. 1.1 Scope of the Study

    2. 1.2 Key Deliverables of the Study

    3. 1.3 Study Assumptions

  2. 2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    1. 2.1 Analysis Methodology

    2. 2.2 Research Phases

  3. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  4. 4. MARKET INSIGHTS AND DYNAMICS

    1. 4.1 Market Overview

    2. 4.2 Market Dynamics

      1. 4.2.1 Drivers

      2. 4.2.2 Restraints

      3. 4.2.3 Opportunities

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

    4. 4.4 Value Chain/ Supply Chain Analysis

    5. 4.5 Insights on the Logisitcs support and development in the waste management industry in Africa

    6. 4.6 Insights on the strategies of the rising startups venturing into the African waste management industry

    7. 4.7 Technological advancement and innovation in the effective waste management

  5. 5. MARKET SEGMENTATION

    1. 5.1 By Waste type

      1. 5.1.1 Industrial waste

      2. 5.1.2 Municipal solid waste

      3. 5.1.3 Hazardous Waste

      4. 5.1.4 E-waste

      5. 5.1.5 Plastic waste

      6. 5.1.6 Bio-medical waste

    2. 5.2 By Disposal methods

      1. 5.2.1 Landfill

      2. 5.2.2 Incineration

      3. 5.2.3 Dismantling

      4. 5.2.4 Recycling

  6. 6. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

    1. 6.1 Overview (Market Concentration and Major Players)

    2. 6.2 Company Profiles

      1. 6.2.1 Averda

      2. 6.2.2 Enviroserv

      3. 6.2.3 Interwaste

      4. 6.2.4 WasteMart

      5. 6.2.5 Universal Recycling Company

      6. 6.2.6 Desco

      7. 6.2.7 PETCO

      8. 6.2.8 The Glass Recycling Company

      9. 6.2.9 Oricol Environmental Services SA (PTY) LTD

      10. 6.2.10 WeCyclers

      11. 6.2.11 The Waste Group (Pty) Ltd

      12. 6.2.12 SA Waste (PTY) Ltd.*

    3. *List Not Exhaustive
  7. 7. INVESTMENT ANALYSIS

  8. 8. FUTURE GROWTH PROSPECTS OF AFRICA WASTE MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY

  9. 9. APPENDIX

    1. 9.1 Statistics on the state-wise solid waste generation in urban areas

    2. 9.2 Africa size of population

    3. 9.3 Africa GDP

    4. 9.4 Africa GDP

    5. 9.5 Africa inflation

    6. 9.6 Africa Consumer Price Index (absolute)

    7. 9.7 Africa exchange rate

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Africa Waste Management Industry Segmentation

Waste management (or waste disposal) covers all of the procedures and actions necessary to control trash from the point of origin to the point of disposal. This covers garbage collection, transportation, treatment, and disposal, as well as the oversight and control of the waste management procedure. A complete background analysis of the Africa Waste Management Market, including the assessment of the economy and contribution of sectors in the economy, market overview, market size estimation for key segments, and emerging trends in the market segments, market dynamics, and geographical trends, and COVID-19 impact is included in the report. 

The Africa Waste Management Market is segmented By Waste Type (Industrial Waste, Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste, E-Waste, Plastic waste, Bio-medical waste), and By Disposal Methods (Landfill, Incineration, Dismantling, and Recycling). The report offers market size and forecasts in value (USD billion) for all the above segments.

By Waste type
Industrial waste
Municipal solid waste
Hazardous Waste
E-waste
Plastic waste
Bio-medical waste
By Disposal methods
Landfill
Incineration
Dismantling
Recycling
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Africa Waste Management Market Research FAQs

The Africa Waste Management Market size is expected to reach USD 21.72 billion in 2024 and grow at a CAGR of 4.98% to reach USD 27.70 billion by 2029.

In 2024, the Africa Waste Management Market size is expected to reach USD 21.72 billion.

Averda, Enviroserv, Interwaste, WasteMart and Universal Recycling Company are the major companies operating in the Africa Waste Management Market.

In 2023, the Africa Waste Management Market size was estimated at USD 20.69 billion. The report covers the Africa Waste Management Market historical market size for years: 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023. The report also forecasts the Africa Waste Management Market size for years: 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2029.

Africa Waste Management Industry Report

Statistics for the 2024 Africa Waste Management market share, size and revenue growth rate, created by Mordor Intelligence™ Industry Reports. Africa Waste Management analysis includes a market forecast outlook to 2029 and historical overview. Get a sample of this industry analysis as a free report PDF download.

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Waste Management Market in Africa Size & Share Analysis - Growth Trends & Forecasts (2024 - 2029)