Brazil has vast networks of all modes of transportation, but due to its transportation matrix still being unbalanced, with roadways accounting for more than 60% of domestic traffic, this leaves several areas in need of modernization. The government of Brazil has been committed to improving this situation with several opportunities for investment for the next decade in Brazil, ranging from supply chain and services to bid for construction and operation of new enterprises.
The most preferred method of cargo transportation is trucking through roads. One of the reasons for this preference is due to the presence of a limited rail network. Although there are several rivers and waterways, they are rarely used, except for the rivers in the Amazon region where rivers are usually the only way to reach many isolated locations. The railroad network is quite limited and lacks competitiveness. The use of trains for cargo transportation is, for the most part, restricted to raw minerals. In 2016, the Brazilian government launched the Investment Partnership Program (PPI) otherwise known as “Projeto Crescer”, an infrastructure concessions program to raise US$14.4 billion in investments for the construction and operation of roads, port terminals, railways, and power transmission lines. This program has been a central part of the government’ strategy to increase the level of business confidence. As of 2017, the major engine of economic growth was exporting, particularly of commodities, but Brazil’s current primary transport and industrial infrastructure and has been seen as a drawback to the possibility of expanding the volume of exports. Therefore, Brazil needs to address a multitude of needs across its infrastructure sector.
In March of 2017, Brazil successfully raised USD 1.2 billion with the auction of four airports. The rights to operate these airports were given to three European groups through the next 30 years allowing them to be independent of Brazil’s state-owned airport administrator INFRAERO. For railways, the Government of Brazil authorized early renewal for five railways already under concession contracts in exchange for investments. This program also includes the concession of five major roadways and port terminals.
Seaports form an essential part of Brazil’s business infrastructure and are Brazil’s main connection to the international market. They handle close to 90% of the country’s imports and exports. Since 2007, the total throughput of cargo passing through Brazilian ports increased by 70%, to 1 billion tons in 2016.
Brazil has one of the highest logistics expenses in the world. Approximately 30 % of the distribution cost structure alone represents the total of logistics cost. The fields included in this cost are the management, warehousing, inventory, legal requirements as well as transportation costs. Opportunities for foreign investment in the logistics sector include digital infrastructure development (big data); advanced technologies that can be implemented to improve control of freight movement and logistics, such as drones and optimization of vehicle routing and efficiency, such as platooning of trucks.
The growth of the e-commerce landscape in the country is expected to help the expansion of logistics sectors and their presence. Despite a volatile economic landscape, e-commerce in Brazil managed to maintain a steady growth, reaching a total of US$14.5 billion worth in 2016 in terms of turnover. This value is an increase of 7.4% compared to the 2015 e-commerce value. It is estimated that E-commerce will thrive even more in 2017, with an increase of 12% in revenues, reaching US$16.3 billion.
Brazil has also become an important producer and supplier of food on a global scale due to its high agricultural potential in the past decade. Brazil is among the world's largest producers of sugar, coffee, orange juice, ethanol, beef, chicken, corn, soy, soybean meal, soybean oil, cotton, and pork. And due to this high level of production, it is also the fourth largest consumer of fertilizers in the world, behind China, India and the US. Brazil relies heavily on roadways for transportation of agricultural products and fertilizers over long distances under underdeveloped road conditions which have raised transportation costs and reduced competitiveness in recent years. The impact of logistics costs on commodity marketing prices are very high and in many cases, this may be higher than the price of the commodity itself. In the manufactured goods sector automobiles, airplanes and capital goods are an important part of the country’s exports. Therefore, Brazil depends on logistics and transportation networks to ensure its competitiveness and continued growth.
Some of the key players in the market are Santos Brazil Participações S/A, MRS Logística S.A., JSL S.A, Rumo S.A, VMLOG Logistica International, Ceva Logistics amongst others.
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1.1 Key Deliverables of the Study
1.2 Market Definition
1.3 Executive Summary
2. Research Methodology
2.1 Study Deliverables
2.2 Study Assumptions
2.3 Analysis Methodology
2.4 Research Phases
3. Regulatory Environment and Key Policy Initiatives
4. Market Dynamics
4.4 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
4.5 Industry Value Chain and Cost Structure Analysis
5. Freight & Logistics Market Segmentation - By Function
5.1 Freight Transport
5.2 Freight Forwarding
5.2.1 Sea Freight
5.2.2 Air Freight
5.4 Courier, Express and Parcel
5.5 Value-Added Services
5.6 Cold Chain Logistics, Last Mile Logistics, Return Logistics and Other Emerging Areas
6. Freight & Logistics Market Segmentation - By End User
6.2 Oil & Gas and Quarrying
6.3 Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry.
6.4 Manufacturing and Automotive
6.5 Distributive Trade
6.7 Others (Pharmaceutical and F&B)
7. Company Profiles
7.1 International Players*
7.1.1 Kuehne+ Nagel
7.1.2 Yusen Logistics
7.1.3 Hellmann Logistics
7.1.4 DB Schenker
7.1.5 CEVA Logistics
7.1.6 Panalpina WeltTransport Holding AG
7.1.7 BLU Logistics
7.1.8 JAS Logistics
7.2 Local Players*
7.2.1 Santos Brazil Participações S/A
7.2.2 MRS Logística S.A.
7.2.3 JSL S.A.
7.2.4 Rumo S.A.
7.2.5 DC Logistics Brasil
7.2.6 VMLOG Logistica International
7.2.6 TNT Mercúrio Cargas E Encomendas Expressas Ltda.
7.2.7 Rumo Malha Paulista S.A.
7.2.8 Transportes Bertolini Ltda
7.2.9 Amtrans Logistics
*List Not Exhaustive
8.1 GDP Distribution, by Activity and Region
8.2 Insights on Capital Flows
8.3 Economic Statistics –Transport and Storage Sector Contribution to Economy
8.4 External Trade Statistics –Export and Import, by Product
8.5 Insights on Key Export Destinations
8.6 Insights on Key Import Origin Countries
9. Disclaimer and About Us