The United Arab Emirates is the second largest country in Gulf Cooperation Council. The sum total of the country’s water resources falls short of its ever-growing requirements. More than 90% of its groundwater is saline. Only 2 freshwater aquifers remain. The infrequent and scarce rains that do occur are bound in by dams that prevent flash flood water from running into the sea. The country receives 78 mm/year of rainfall and loses much of its rain and surface water to evaporation. The total runoff the surface is estimated at 150 million m3. There are no perennial streams. This leaves the brackish ground and sea water as the only sources of water that can be accessed through desalination. As of 2013, the average per capita consumption of water by its population stood at 500 liters, 82% above the global average in 2013, putting further stress on the scarce resource. A total of XX million imperial gallons is derived from desalination for usage in the country. As of 2015, the desalination market in UAE was worth USD X.X billion. The market size is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX.XX%.
The depleting natural precipitation and ground-water levels and increasing population are the major drivers of the sector in the region. A continued effort at increasing diversification of government income from hydrocarbons is another factor that has led to an increase in construction projects, industries, manufacturing plants, etc., leading to more demand for fresh water. Moreover, the government is supporting and encouraging the establishment of desalination plants to meet the nation’s demands.
Restraints and Challenges
The biggest challenge of desalination is the cost. As per a study, the cost of desalinated water per meter cube was USD 1.04, 0.95 and 0.82 for MSF, MED, and RO, assuming a fuel cost of USD 1.5/ GJ. Moreover, energy accounts for approximately three-fourths of the supply cost of desalination. Transportation cost is also added to the overall cost, making desalination a very costly process. Another negative impact of desalination is on the environment with the treatment of brackish water leading to pollution of fresh water resources and soil. Discharge of salt on coastal or marine ecosystems also has a negative impact.
Moves to diversify the economy and move away from the hydrocarbon dependent economy has resulted in a mere 25% reliance on oil for the country’s GDP. However, a corresponding increase in the number of industries, businesses, and the ensuing population has put a sizeable stress on the available water resources, implying a strong future growth in the desalination industry in UAE. Historically, all desalination plants have used oil, leading to high levels of greenhouse gases. A third of all greenhouses gases emitted by UAE come from desalination plants. This has led to an increased focus on renewable energy alternatives for the production of fresh water through desalination, opening up opportunities for desalination in the renewable energy sector.
- Abu Dhabi National Energy Company, in partnership with TAQA, commissioned new desalination plants to serve 250,000 people in north emirates. This plant is jointly owned by TAQA & FEWA. While construction for this started in 2015, operations are expected to commence from 2017.
- There is a focus on renewable energy alternatives for desalination plants. Dubai’s clean energy company Masdar is taking steps to remedy this by commissioning four international companies for a pilot project on the border between Dubai and Abu Dhabi. These companies include Abengoa, Degremont, Sidem, and Trevi. The resulting four small-scale plants are near completion. This project, to be successful, had to demonstrate its ability to create electricity under a 1-kilowatt hour per cubic meter.
- Desalination plants under construction in the UAE include those at Fujairah (2nd), Shuweihat, Al-Leila-Sharjah, Al-hamriya al Jadida, Debonair Island, Khorfakkan, Kalba, and in Abu Mousa Island.
- Most plants being set up will use RO technology, which has low cost and is less energy-intensive.
About the Market
PESTLE Analysis (Overview): Macro market factors pertinent to this region
Market Definition: Main as well as associated/ancillary components constituting the market
Key Findings of the Study: Top headlines about market trends & numbers
- Drivers: What are the key factors driving growth in the market?
- Restraints: Most relevant threats and restraints that hinder the growth of the market?
- Opportunities: Sectors of high return or quick turnaround on investment?
- Market Concentration: Porter’s 5 Forces Analysis quantified by a comprehensive list of parameters
- Market Share Analysis: Top players in the market (by value and volume)
- Company Profiles: Pertinent details about leading, high growth, and innovation-motivated stakeholders with contact, operations, product/service offerings, financials, and strategies & insights
1.2 Research Methodology
1.3 Report Outline by Regions, Consumption Percentage, Technologies Used & Equipment
2. Executive Summary
3. Market Overview
3.1 Current Market Scenario
3.2 Value Chain Analysis
3.3 Market Dynamics
3.3.1 Factors Driving the Market
3.3.2 Factors Restraining the Market
3.3.3 Opportunities in the Market
4. Technologies In Place
4.1 Types of Technologies and the ir Extent of Adoption in Oman (Production Capacity by Each Technology)
4.1.1 MSF (Multi Stage Flash)
4.1.2 MED (Multi-Effect Distillation)
4.1.3 RO (Reverse Osmosis)
4.1.4 ED (Electrodialysis)
4.1.5 EDI (Electrodionisation)
4.1.6 Emerging Technologies
5. Capex & Open Requirements
6. Naturally Occurring Water Production Patterns
7. Desalination Plants Production Capacity by Regions
7.1 ABU DHABI
7.2 ABU MOUSSA
7.4 AL ZAWRA
7.5 AL LAYYAH
7.6 AL MIRFAH
7.9 JEBEL ALI
8. Consumption by Sectors
8.2 Private Sector
9. Segmentation ( Market size in Cubic meters / day)
9.1 by Production Capacity
9.2 by Energy Type
9.2.1 Renewable Energy
9.2.2 Non-Renewable Energy
10. Investment Analysis
10.1 Recent Projects
10.2 Investor Outlook
11. Cometitive Outlook
11.1 Competition Analysis
11.3 Geographical Footprint
11.5 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis